WoRMS source details

Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. Zootaxa. 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph].
260012
10.11646/zootaxa.4218.1.1 [view]
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9345C596-8656-4B5C-AD8C-2FACF4E9240C [view]
Blake, James A.
2017
Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America
Zootaxa
4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The orbiniid polychaetes chiefly from Antarctic and subantarctic seas and off South America are described based on collections of the National Museum of Natural History and new material from surveys conducted by the United States Antarctic Program and other federal and privately funded sources as well as participation in international programs. A total of 44 species of Orbiniidae distributed in 10 genera are reported from the Pacific Ocean and waters off South America and Antarctica. Twenty-one species are new to science; one species is renamed. Berkeleyia heroae n. sp., B. abyssala n. sp., B. weddellia n. sp.; B. hadala n. sp., Leitoscoloplos simplex n. sp., L. plataensis n. sp., L. nasus n. sp., L. eltaninae n. sp., L. phyllobranchus n. sp., L. rankini n. sp., Scoloplos bathytatus n. sp., S. suroestense n. sp., Leodamas hyphalos n. sp., L. maciolekae n. sp., L. perissobranchiatus n. sp., Califia bilamellata n. sp., Orbinia orensanzi n. sp., Naineris antarctica n. sp., N. argentiniensis n. sp., Orbiniella spinosa n. sp., and O. landrumae n. sp. are new to science. A new name, Naineris furcillata, replaces N. chilensis Carrasco, 1977, a junior homonym of N. dendtritica chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1965, which is raised to full species status. Leodamas cochleatus (Ehlers, 1900) is removed from synonymy and redescribed. A neotype is established for Leodamas verax Kinberg, 1966, the type species. A general overview of Leodamas species is provided. The Leitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) complex is reviewed and partially revised. Definitions of the genera of the Orbiniidae are updated to conform to recently described taxa. Several new synonymies are proposed following a reexamination of previously described type specimens. The morphological characters used to identify and classify orbiniids are reviewed. The biogeographic and bathymetric distributions of the South American and Southern Ocean orbiniid fauna are reviewed.
Antarctic
Pacific Ocean
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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by
2017-01-11 21:25:40Z
created

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia cochleata Ehlers, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cochleatus (Ehlers, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia marginata mcleani Benham, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia ohlini Ehlers, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBerkeleyia abyssala Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBerkeleyia hadala Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBerkeleyia heroae Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBerkeleyia weddellia Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos Monro, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos kerguelensis minutus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos minutus Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos abranchiatus (Hartman, 1967) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos banzareae Mackie, 1987 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos chilensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos drakei (Hartman, 1967) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos eltaninae Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos geminus Mackie, 1987 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis minutus (Hartman, 1953) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos mawsoni (Benham, 1921) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos nasus Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos phyllobranchus Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos plataensis Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos rankini Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos simplex Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas Kinberg, 1866 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cochleatus (Ehlers, 1900) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas hyphalos Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas maciolekae Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas perissobranchiatus Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897) (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae Hartman, 1942 (identification resource)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos Blainville, 1828 (taxonomy source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus mcleani (Benham, 1921) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) ohlini (Ehlers, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) verax (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas verax Kinberg, 1866 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos bathytatus Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos cylindrifer Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos suroestense Blake, 2017 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

According to Blake (2017) Leodamas of Blake Group A (including type species L. verax) have large, conspicuous ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

After Weddell Sea, Antarctica, where collected. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "derived from abyssus, Latin for deep sea" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "derived from the Latin nasus (m), for nose, to denote the usually elongate and narrow ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "hyphalos: Greek for submerged, in the deep" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for Dr. Nancy J. Maciolek, polychaete systematist, in recognition of her prior work on similar ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for its occurrence in abyssal to ultra-abyssal depths in the Peru-Chile Trench; trench faunas are ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for its proximity to the Rio de la Plata" Uruguay [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for the R/V Hero, former research vessel of the National Science Foundation" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for the USNS Eltanin, former research vessel of the United States Antarctic Research Program." [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "named for the late Dr. John S. (Stubby) Rankin [...] director of the sampling program during the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "perisso, Greek for beyond the regular number or size; branchos, Greek for gill". Not stated, but assumed ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: "phyllobranchus, is derived from the Greek phyllon for leaf; branchos for gill. The name is suggested by the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

author: Leitoscoloplos simplex "from the Latin simplex and refers to the overall lack of typical orbiniid morphology" [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Bathytatus, Greek for deepest [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Blake (2017: 49) suggests the name could be "formed from Leo, Greek for lion, and dama, Latin for deer [as it] ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Unchanged place name as noun in apposition, "after Punta Suroestense, near the type locality in the Juan Fernandez ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Grammatical gender

Not stated but assumed masculine as Leodamas is a male personal name. Past authors have treated Leodamas as ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Neotype

Blake (2017: 61-62) believes the holotype is lost and has designated a neotype, collection details Golfo San ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

A nominal subgenus for Scoloplos is superfluous as there are currently no valid other subgenera (Leodamas is a full ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Day (1977: 218) placed Haploscoloplos Monro, 1933 as a synonym of Scoloplos because specimens of the type species, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Adding to previous comments by Mackie (1987) on a number of probably erroneous prior identifications and records, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Blake (2000) treated Leodamas as a full genus because of its heavy thoracic neuropodial spines, which differ from ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Blake (2017: 71) places Aricia cochleata as valid in Leodamas. He explains "Augener (1926) synonymized A. cochleata ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Chile Bay behind Punta Suroestense, Juan Fernandez Islands, off Chile, E Pacific Ocean, Anton Bruun Cruise 12, Sta. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, abyssal plain, North equatorial Pacific Ocean [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Drake Passage (Sea area between Cape Horn and S Shetland Islands) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Drake Passage, between South America and the Antarctic Peninsula, Eltanin Station 4-126, 57.20°S, 62.75°W, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Hero Inlet, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Antarctic Peninsula, Glacier Sta. 68-Palmer II, 64.77°S, 64.07°W, 40 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

near South Georgia, Eltanin Sta. 9-720, 56.10°S, 34.02°W, 2828–2873 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

North of Shag Rocks, South Georgia Island, South Atlantic Ocean, Eltanin Sta. 22-1527, 63.83°S, 62.60°W, 3742–3806 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Not stated. The single specimen known was collected at IBM Sta. Comp IV-62, 21 Mar 1964, 37°50′S, 57°21′W, 14 ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

off Antarctic Peninsula, Eltanin Station 6-439, 63.83°S, 62.60°W, 128 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

off the mouth of the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Peru-Chile Trench, South Pacific, off Western South America,  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Staten Island, off Tierra del Fuego, Argentina [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Weddell Sea, Antarctica [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Weddell Sea, Glacier Sta. 69-19, 74.105°S, 32.603°W, 1622 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Western Chile, off Valparaiso, Eltanin Station 9-753, 33.27°S, 71.78°W, 192 m. [details]