WoRMS taxon details

Proscoloplos cygnochaetus Day, 1954

329921  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:329921)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Day, J.H. (1954). The Polychaeta of Tristan da Cunha. <em>Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938.</em> 29: 1-35.
page(s): 21, fig. 3a-f [details]   
Note South Atlantic Ocean, Tristan da Cunha,...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality South Atlantic Ocean, Tristan da Cunha, Tristan da Cunha Island, sta. NSE 78, Julia Point (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. -37.064º, long. -12.299º), 0 m, in small enclosed rock pool in the spray zone. Probably the species includes syntypes from different stations and localities. According to Bakken (1999: 17), the types deposited at the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Trondheim, Norway (NTNU), do not state the station where they were collected. Syntypes deposited at the Natural History Museum, London, UK, are from station NSE 78 of the ''Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938''.  [details]
Type material Syntypes deposited at the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Trondheim, Norway (NTNU) and at the Natural History Museum, London, UK (NHMUK 1955.3.20.1-6). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Proscoloplos cygnochaetus Day, 1954. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=329921 on 2020-04-07
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Day, J.H. (1954). The Polychaeta of Tristan da Cunha. <em>Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938.</em> 29: 1-35.
page(s): 21, fig. 3a-f [details]   

original description  (of Proscoloplos confusus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962) Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa. (1962). Die Polychaeten des Eulitorals. IN: Hartmann-Schröder, G. and Gerd Hartmann. Zur Kenntnis des Eulitorals der chilenischen Pazifikküste und der argentinischen Küste Südpatagoniens unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen zoologischen Museum und Institut.</em> 60: 57-270. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Proscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003) Kelaher, B.P. and Rouse, G.W. 2003. The role of colonization in determining spatial patterns of <i>Proscoloplos bondi</i> sp. nov. (Orbiniidae: Annelida) in coralline algal turf. Marine Biology (Berlin), 143(5):909-917
page(s): 911-914, fig. 2 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, James A. (2017). Polychaeta Orbiniidae from Antarctica, the Southern Ocean, the Abyssal Pacific Ocean, and off South America. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4218(1): 1-145 [monograph]., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4218.1.1/25653
page(s): 118, figure 58; note: synonymises the other two species (P. confusus & P. bondi) to P. cygnochaetus, plus description of material from Juan Fernandez Islands and Argentina. [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Paratype (of Proscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003) AM W29015, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Paratype (of Proscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003) SAMA E3342, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Paratype (of Proscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003) SAMA E3343, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype NHMUK 1955.3.20.1-6, geounit Tristan da Cunha [details]
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Day (1954. 21): ''Prostomium rounded, first two segments without parapodia, branchiae from 8th setiger. Notosetae are laddered capillaries only, neurosetae from 8th setiger also include sharply bent hooks.'' [details]

Introduced species remark it is possible Proscoloplos cygnochaetus is in part distributed by shipping as suggested by Meyer et al (2008) as it has been found in Roscoff, France, although also possibly that West wind drift accounts for the distribution around the southern ocean. Meyer et al (2008) state "The enormous geographic range of this species comprises the temperate waters of the whole southern hemisphere and includes the French population. We discuss a dispersal enabled through the effective anchorage on vessels using mucous glands and chaetae possibly combined with architomic reproduction." The authors do not appear to mention rafting as a possible distribution mechanism in the Southern Hemisphere. This would explain occurrences on isolated islands not on main shipping routes. [details]

Synonymy Blake (2017: 119) includes both Proscoloplos confusus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962, and Proscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003 as junior synonyms of Proscoloplos cygnochaetus Day, 1954), in part based on evidence in Meyer et al (2008), which included some molecular data not indicating separate clades. [details]

Type locality South Atlantic Ocean, Tristan da Cunha, Tristan da Cunha Island, sta. NSE 78, Julia Point (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. -37.064º, long. -12.299º), 0 m, in small enclosed rock pool in the spray zone. Probably the species includes syntypes from different stations and localities. According to Bakken (1999: 17), the types deposited at the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Trondheim, Norway (NTNU), do not state the station where they were collected. Syntypes deposited at the Natural History Museum, London, UK, are from station NSE 78 of the ''Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938''.  [details]

Type material Syntypes deposited at the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Trondheim, Norway (NTNU) and at the Natural History Museum, London, UK (NHMUK 1955.3.20.1-6). [details]

From other sources
Specimen Zoologisk Museum, Oslo [details]