WoRMS source details

Neuhaus, B. (2013). Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera), in: Schmidt-Raesa, A. (2013). Handbook of Zoology. Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera: 1. Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Handbook of Zoology (2010), : pp. 181-348
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntygomonas incomitata Nebelsick, 1990 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntygomonas oreas Bauer-Nebelsick, 1996 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntygomonas paulae Sørensen, 2007 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes kerguelensis (Zelinka, 1913) Johnston, 1938 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes macquariae Johnston, 1938 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes vanhoeffeni Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCampyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCateria styx Gerlach, 1956 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCateria submersa Gerlach, 1969 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZelinkaderes submersus (Gerlach, 1969) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes agigensis Bacescu, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes curvatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes curvatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes eisigii Zelinka, 1928 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes multispinosus McIntyre, 1962 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes biserratus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes biserratus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes denticulatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes denticulatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes diffusus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes diffusus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes longihastatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes longihastatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes moderatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes moderatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes rectilineatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes rectilineatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes tenuis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes tenuis (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentrophyes validus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes validus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis arctica Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis arcticus Steiner, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis arcuata Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis eruca (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes greeffi (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis lanuginosa (Greeff, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes lanuginosus (Greeff, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis pagenstecheri Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes pagenstecheri (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis pallida Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes pallidus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis parallela Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes parallelus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis pulchella Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes pulchellus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis pusilla Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes pusillus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis rosacea Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes rosaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCentropsis spinosus (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes spinosus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalorhyncha liticola Sørensen, 2008 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalorhyncha nybakkeni (Higgins, 1986) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes megastigma Sørensen, Rho & Kim, 2010 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes paradoxus Higgins, 1969 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes setoensis Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCondyloderes storchi Higgins, 2004 in Martorelli & Higgins, 2004 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDracoderes abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDracoderes gallaicus Sørensen, Herranz, Rho, Min, Yamasaki, Sánchez & Pardos, 2012 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDracoderes orientalis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella bengalensis Timm, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella capitata Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella capitata Zelinka, 1912 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella elongata Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella maxwelli Omer-Cooper, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes maxwelli (Omer-Cooper, 1957) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella remanei Blake, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella setigera Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes setiger (Greeff, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella sonadiae Timm, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes sonadiae (Timm, 1958) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderella steineri Chitwood, 1951 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes steineri (Chitwood, 1951) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes abbreviatus Higgins, 1983 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes acerca Schepotieff, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes agigens Bacescu, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes andamanensis Higgins & Rao, 1979 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes angustus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes applicitus Ostmann, Nordhaus & Sørensen, 2012 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes aquilonius Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes arlis Higgins, 1966 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSemnoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes asiaticus Adrianov, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes aspinosus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes aureus Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bermudensis Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bispinosus Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes bookhouti Higgins, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes borealis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes brevispinosus Higgins, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes canariensis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes cantabricus Pardos, Higgins & Benito, 1998 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes capitata (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes caribiensis Kirsteuer, 1964 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes cavernus Sørensen, Jörgensen & Boesgaard, 2000 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes cernunnos Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes citrinus Zelinka, 1928 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes collinae Sørensen, 2006 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes coulli Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes dentatus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes druxi d'Hondt, 1973 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes dubius (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes dubius Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKinorhynchus dubius (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes ehlersi Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes elongata (Nyholm, 1947) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes erinaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Neuhaus 2012: description based on adult with head + neck (= Greeff’s body segment 1) + 11 trunk segments (comp. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

antyx, antygos = Greek for edge, monas = Greek for unit; refer to cuticle of the trunk consisting of a ring (unit) ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

drakon = Greek for dragon [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

echinos = Greek for hedgehog, deres = Greek for neck; refer to spiny scalids of introvert which Dujardin (1851) ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

fissura = Latin for fissure or split, refers to the midventral split between the 2 sternal plates of segment 2 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kampylos = Greek for bent or arched, deres = Greek for neck (common suffix of cyclorhagid genera); refers to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kato = Greek for down, refers to the animals living deep below the sediment surface [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kentron = Greek for spine, refers to midterminal spine [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kephalon = Greek for head, rhynchos = Greek for snout  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kinein = Greek for move, rhynchos = Greek for snout; refer to the protrusible head [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

kondylos = Greek for bone joint, refers to knobby thickenings on placids [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

meristos = Greek for divided, refers to incomplete division of segment 2 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

neos = Greek for new or young, kentron = Greek for spine, phyo = Greek for let develop or made by nature (common ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

para = Greek for near or next to, kentron = Greek for spine; refer to close phylogenetic relationship to Neocentrophyes [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

polys = Greek for many, akantha = Greek for spine; refer to the dorsal multiple serial rows of spines  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

pyknos = Greek for dense or sturdy; refer to box-like habitus (opposite to more slender, cigar-shaped habitus of ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

refers to pioneer of kinorhynch studies Carl Zelinka [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

semnos = Greek for honourable or proud, refers to long clamshell-like segment 1 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

sphen = Greek for wedge, refers to midventral plate in segment 1 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

triodus = Greek for trident of Poseidon; refers to placids anteriorly separated incompletely into 3 parts [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

tubulus = Latin tube, refers to the ventral tubules in segment 2 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Wollunqua = god of rain and fertility in Aborigine mythology [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999, Neuhaus et al. 2013: not Centroderes agigensis Bacescu, 1963 (Fig. 1D, figure caption ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999: pp. 157 and 273, listed as species described from juvenile stage [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Centropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928: pp. 272-274, Fig. 48, = Echinoderes monocercus of Greeff (1869) and of ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Centropsis pagenstecheri comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: p. 357, Fig. 67, species indeterminata; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Centropsis spinosus comb. nov. Steiner, 1919: p. 182, aware of Zelinka's yet unpublished monograph introduces ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

E. Worthingi Southern, 1914: pp. 71-72, inadvertantly becomes original description; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

E. worthingii Zelinka, 1928: pp. 240-241, Pl. 20: Figs 8-9, incorrectly considered a new species; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Echinoderes incertus Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Echinoderes Pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

erroneously cited as valid species from unpublished PhD Thesis of R. Brown (1985), inadvertantly becomes valid ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

erroneously cited as valid species from unpublished PhD Thesis of R. Brown (1985), inadvertantly becomes valid species [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968); not C. styx of Nagabhushanan (1972) and of Rao ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) but C. gerlachi not C. styx of Nagabhushanan ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Greeff 1869: pp. 20-22, Pl. 2: Fig. 10, E. monocercus of Claparède (1863) and of Metschnikoff (1865)(?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1964a: listed as type species; Neuhaus 2012: designated as type species; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1964b: p. 481, erroneously lists P. zelinkaei as type species [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1968: p. 30, Habroderes manglaris Kristeuer, 1964 (pp. 389-392, Fig. 2a) and Habroderella orientalis ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1977a: not Echinoderes sp. of Kozloff (1972) and not E. dujardini of Merriman & Corwin (1973) but E. kozloffi [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1978b: p. 179, possibly juvenile stage of E. riedli. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 77, 80, species indeterminata [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Higgins 1985: pp. 797-799, Fig. 4: probably not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865), Pagenstecher (1875), and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Hyalophyes conspicuus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 179, 344-345, Pl. 7: Fig. 3, juvenile stage of Pycnophyes robustus (?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes cf. setigera of Levander (1900), and not E. subfuscus of Zelinka (1928), ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Krishnaswamy 1962: p. 62, incorrectly considers Pycnophyes dentatus as a junior synonym of E. worthingi; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Lang 1953: p. 3, Fig. 4, Pocnyphyes odhneri, lapsus calami, emended description [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Leptodemus acercus comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: pp. 297-299, Figs 56-57, p. 360, not E. acerca of Schepotieff (1907b) ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Metschnikoff 1865: pp. 460-461, Pl. 35: Fig. 11, description, not E. monocercus of Claparède (1863)(?), = juvenile ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

N. intermedius Higgins, 1969b: pp. 117-121, Figs 1-3, only ♂♂ known / Higgins 1983: p. 47, N. satyai is ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

N. satyai Higgins, 1969b: pp. 121-123, Figs 4-5, only ♀♀ known; Higgins 1983: p. 47, junior synonym of N. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2012: Semnoderes armatus comb. nov., possibly juvenile stage of S. armiger [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Neuhaus et al. 2013: not Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947b but C. spinosus and not C. spinosus of Higgins (1977b, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865, 1869) and not of Levander (1900) but E. subfuscus [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, H. gracilis = juvenile stage of Echinoderella setigera (?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, Hapaloderes gracilis = juvenile stage of E. setigera (?); Karling 1955: p. 189, not ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

P. flaveolatus Zelinka, 1908: Fig. 10, nomen nudum; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Pardos et al. 1998: p. 196, species inquirenda because juvenile stage [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

probably not E. dujardinii of Tokioka (1949) and of Sudzuki (1976); for details of highly complex synonomy refer to ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1928: pp. 76, 80-81, Fig. 19, not Centropsis (E.) monocercus of Greeff (1869) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 349, Fig. 274a, = juvenile stage of Echinoderella capitata (?) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, = Centropsis rosacea (?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, may include Centropsis pulchella; [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 982, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes dentatus (?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 975, =Centroderes eisigii (?); [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Sørensen et al. 2012b: E. lanceolatus possibly junior synonym of E. aureus [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Trachydemus giganteus Zelinka, 1908: p. 639, Fig. 7, type species by monotypy; Kinorhynchus giganteus comb. nov. ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 271-272, Pl. 1: Figs 13-14, emended description, Centropsis spinosa = E. spinosus of Panceri ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 357-359, Figs 67-69, Centropsis monocerca = E. monocercus of Claparède (1863), of Metschnikoff ... [details]