WoRMS source details

Neuhaus, B. (2013). Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera), in: Schmidt-Raesa, A. (2013). Handbook of Zoology. Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera: 1. Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Handbook of Zoology (2010), : pp. 181-348
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2013-06-03 07:49:47Z
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Antygomonas incomitata Nebelsick, 1990 (additional source)
Antygomonas oreas Bauer-Nebelsick, 1996 (additional source)
Antygomonas paulae Sørensen, 2007 (additional source)
Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Campyloderes kerguelensis (Zelinka, 1913) Johnston, 1938 accepted as Campyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Campyloderes macquariae Johnston, 1938 (additional source)
Campyloderes vanhoeffeni Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Campyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Cateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968 (additional source)
Cateria styx Gerlach, 1956 (additional source)
Cateria submersa Gerlach, 1969 accepted as Zelinkaderes submersus (Gerlach, 1969) (additional source)
Centroderes agigensis Bacescu, 1963 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Centroderes curvatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes curvatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centroderes eisigii Zelinka, 1928 (additional source)
Centroderes multispinosus McIntyre, 1962 accepted as Condyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) (additional source)
Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Centrophyes biserratus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes biserratus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes denticulatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes denticulatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes diffusus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes diffusus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes longihastatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes longihastatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes moderatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes moderatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes rectilineatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes rectilineatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes tenuis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes tenuis (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes validus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes validus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis arctica Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Centropsis arcticus Steiner, 1919 accepted as Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Centropsis arcuata Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis eruca (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Centropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes greeffi (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis lanuginosa (Greeff, 1869) accepted as Echinoderes lanuginosus (Greeff, 1869) (additional source)
Centropsis pagenstecheri Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pagenstecheri (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Centropsis pallida Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pallidus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis parallela Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes parallelus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis pulchella Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pulchellus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis pusilla Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pusillus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis rosacea Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes rosaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis spinosus (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Echinoderes spinosus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha liticola Sørensen, 2008 (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha nybakkeni (Higgins, 1986) (additional source)
Condyloderes megastigma Sørensen, Rho & Kim, 2010 (additional source)
Condyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) (additional source)
Condyloderes paradoxus Higgins, 1969 (additional source)
Condyloderes setoensis Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Condyloderes storchi Higgins, 2004 in Martorelli & Higgins, 2004 (additional source)
Dracoderes abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990 (additional source)
Dracoderes gallaicus Sørensen, Herranz, Rho, Min, Yamasaki, Sánchez & Pardos, 2012 (additional source)
Dracoderes orientalis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 (additional source)
Echinoderella bengalensis Timm, 1958 accepted as Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderella capitata Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderella capitata Zelinka, 1912 (additional source)
Echinoderella elongata Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderella maxwelli Omer-Cooper, 1957 accepted as Echinoderes maxwelli (Omer-Cooper, 1957) (additional source)
Echinoderella remanei Blake, 1930 accepted as Echinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930) (additional source)
Echinoderella setigera Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes setiger (Greeff, 1869) (additional source)
Echinoderella sonadiae Timm, 1958 accepted as Echinoderes sonadiae (Timm, 1958) accepted as Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderella steineri Chitwood, 1951 accepted as Echinoderes steineri (Chitwood, 1951) (additional source)
Echinoderes abbreviatus Higgins, 1983 (additional source)
Echinoderes acerca Schepotieff, 1907 accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1887 accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes agigens Bacescu, 1968 (additional source)
Echinoderes andamanensis Higgins & Rao, 1979 (additional source)
Echinoderes angustus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Echinoderes applicitus Ostmann, Nordhaus & Sørensen, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes aquilonius Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Echinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes arlis Higgins, 1966 (additional source)
Echinoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Semnoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes asiaticus Adrianov, 1989 accepted as Cephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Echinoderes aspinosus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes aureus Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderes bermudensis Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Echinoderes bispinosus Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Echinoderes bookhouti Higgins, 1964 (additional source)
Echinoderes borealis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes brevispinosus Higgins, 1966 accepted as Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes canariensis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Echinoderes cantabricus Pardos, Higgins & Benito, 1998 (additional source)
Echinoderes capitata (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes caribiensis Kirsteuer, 1964 (additional source)
Echinoderes cavernus Sørensen, Jörgensen & Boesgaard, 2000 (additional source)
Echinoderes cernunnos Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes citrinus Zelinka, 1928 (additional source)
Echinoderes collinae Sørensen, 2006 (additional source)
Echinoderes coulli Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes dentatus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Pycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Echinoderes druxi d'Hondt, 1973 (additional source)
Echinoderes dubius (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Pycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Echinoderes dubius Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Kinorhynchus dubius (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (additional source)
Echinoderes ehlersi Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Echinoderes elongata (Nyholm, 1947) accepted as Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderes erinaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
 Description

Neuhaus 2012: description based on adult with head + neck (= Greeff’s body segment 1) + 11 trunk segments (comp. ... [details]

 Etymology

antyx, antygos = Greek for edge, monas = Greek for unit; refer to cuticle of the trunk consisting of a ring (unit) ... [details]

 Etymology

drakon = Greek for dragon [details]

 Etymology

echinos = Greek for hedgehog, deres = Greek for neck; refer to spiny scalids of introvert which Dujardin (1851) ... [details]

 Etymology

fissura = Latin for fissure or split, refers to the midventral split between the 2 sternal plates of segment 2 [details]

 Etymology

kampylos = Greek for bent or arched, deres = Greek for neck (common suffix of cyclorhagid genera); refers to ... [details]

 Etymology

kato = Greek for down, refers to the animals living deep below the sediment surface [details]

 Etymology

kentron = Greek for spine, refers to midterminal spine [details]

 Etymology

kephalon = Greek for head, rhynchos = Greek for snout  [details]

 Etymology

kinein = Greek for move, rhynchos = Greek for snout; refer to the protrusible head [details]

 Etymology

kondylos = Greek for bone joint, refers to knobby thickenings on placids [details]

 Etymology

meristos = Greek for divided, refers to incomplete division of segment 2 [details]

 Etymology

neos = Greek for new or young, kentron = Greek for spine, phyo = Greek for let develop or made by nature (common ... [details]

 Etymology

para = Greek for near or next to, kentron = Greek for spine; refer to close phylogenetic relationship to Neocentrophyes [details]

 Etymology

polys = Greek for many, akantha = Greek for spine; refer to the dorsal multiple serial rows of spines  [details]

 Etymology

pyknos = Greek for dense or sturdy; refer to box-like habitus (opposite to more slender, cigar-shaped habitus of ... [details]

 Etymology

refers to pioneer of kinorhynch studies Carl Zelinka [details]

 Etymology

semnos = Greek for honourable or proud, refers to long clamshell-like segment 1 [details]

 Etymology

sphen = Greek for wedge, refers to midventral plate in segment 1 [details]

 Etymology

triodus = Greek for trident of Poseidon; refers to placids anteriorly separated incompletely into 3 parts [details]

 Etymology

tubulus = Latin tube, refers to the ventral tubules in segment 2 [details]

 Etymology

Wollunqua = god of rain and fertility in Aborigine mythology [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999, Neuhaus et al. 2013: not Centroderes agigensis Bacescu, 1963 (Fig. 1D, figure caption ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999: pp. 157 and 273, listed as species described from juvenile stage [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928: pp. 272-274, Fig. 48, = Echinoderes monocercus of Greeff (1869) and of ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis pagenstecheri comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: p. 357, Fig. 67, species indeterminata; [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis spinosus comb. nov. Steiner, 1919: p. 182, aware of Zelinka's yet unpublished monograph introduces ... [details]

 Taxonomy

E. Worthingi Southern, 1914: pp. 71-72, inadvertantly becomes original description; [details]

 Taxonomy

E. worthingii Zelinka, 1928: pp. 240-241, Pl. 20: Figs 8-9, incorrectly considered a new species; [details]

 Taxonomy

Echinoderes incertus Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Echinoderes Pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

 Taxonomy

erroneously cited as valid species from unpublished PhD Thesis of R. Brown (1985), inadvertantly becomes valid ... [details]

 Taxonomy

erroneously cited as valid species from unpublished PhD Thesis of R. Brown (1985), inadvertantly becomes valid species [details]

 Taxonomy

Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968); not C. styx of Nagabhushanan (1972) and of Rao ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) but C. gerlachi not C. styx of Nagabhushanan ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Greeff 1869: pp. 20-22, Pl. 2: Fig. 10, E. monocercus of Claparède (1863) and of Metschnikoff (1865)(?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1964a: listed as type species; Neuhaus 2012: designated as type species; [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1964b: p. 481, erroneously lists P. zelinkaei as type species [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1968: p. 30, Habroderes manglaris Kristeuer, 1964 (pp. 389-392, Fig. 2a) and Habroderella orientalis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1977a: not Echinoderes sp. of Kozloff (1972) and not E. dujardini of Merriman & Corwin (1973) but E. kozloffi [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1978b: p. 179, possibly juvenile stage of E. riedli. [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 77, 80, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1985: pp. 797-799, Fig. 4: probably not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865), Pagenstecher (1875), and ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Hyalophyes conspicuus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 179, 344-345, Pl. 7: Fig. 3, juvenile stage of Pycnophyes robustus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes cf. setigera of Levander (1900), and not E. subfuscus of Zelinka (1928), ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Krishnaswamy 1962: p. 62, incorrectly considers Pycnophyes dentatus as a junior synonym of E. worthingi; [details]

 Taxonomy

Lang 1953: p. 3, Fig. 4, Pocnyphyes odhneri, lapsus calami, emended description [details]

 Taxonomy

Leptodemus acercus comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: pp. 297-299, Figs 56-57, p. 360, not E. acerca of Schepotieff (1907b) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Metschnikoff 1865: pp. 460-461, Pl. 35: Fig. 11, description, not E. monocercus of Claparède (1863)(?), = juvenile ... [details]

 Taxonomy

N. intermedius Higgins, 1969b: pp. 117-121, Figs 1-3, only ♂♂ known / Higgins 1983: p. 47, N. satyai is ... [details]

 Taxonomy

N. satyai Higgins, 1969b: pp. 121-123, Figs 4-5, only ♀♀ known; Higgins 1983: p. 47, junior synonym of N. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2012: Semnoderes armatus comb. nov., possibly juvenile stage of S. armiger [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus et al. 2013: not Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947b but C. spinosus and not C. spinosus of Higgins (1977b, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865, 1869) and not of Levander (1900) but E. subfuscus [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, H. gracilis = juvenile stage of Echinoderella setigera (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, Hapaloderes gracilis = juvenile stage of E. setigera (?); Karling 1955: p. 189, not ... [details]

 Taxonomy

P. flaveolatus Zelinka, 1908: Fig. 10, nomen nudum; [details]

 Taxonomy

Pardos et al. 1998: p. 196, species inquirenda because juvenile stage [details]

 Taxonomy

probably not E. dujardinii of Tokioka (1949) and of Sudzuki (1976); for details of highly complex synonomy refer to ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1928: pp. 76, 80-81, Fig. 19, not Centropsis (E.) monocercus of Greeff (1869) [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 349, Fig. 274a, = juvenile stage of Echinoderella capitata (?) [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, = Centropsis rosacea (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, may include Centropsis pulchella; [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 982, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes dentatus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 975, =Centroderes eisigii (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Sørensen et al. 2012b: E. lanceolatus possibly junior synonym of E. aureus [details]

 Taxonomy

Trachydemus giganteus Zelinka, 1908: p. 639, Fig. 7, type species by monotypy; Kinorhynchus giganteus comb. nov. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 271-272, Pl. 1: Figs 13-14, emended description, Centropsis spinosa = E. spinosus of Panceri ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 357-359, Figs 67-69, Centropsis monocerca = E. monocercus of Claparède (1863), of Metschnikoff ... [details]