WoRMS source details

Neuhaus, B. (2013). 5. Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera, Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin,. pp. 181-348.
167973
10.1515/9783110272536.181 [view]
Neuhaus, B.
2013
5. Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera, Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin,
pp. 181-348
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
Biology
Ecology
Internal anatomy
Methods and Techniques
Morphology
Parasites, Parasitism
Reproduction
Scanning Electron Microscopy, S.E.M. Pictures
Systematics, Taxonomy
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-06-03 07:49:47Z
created
2020-05-19 07:32:18Z
changed
2021-02-05 08:52:45Z
changed
2021-02-08 13:54:42Z
changed

Antygomonas incomitata Nebelsick, 1990 (additional source)
Antygomonas oreas Bauer-Nebelsick, 1996 (additional source)
Antygomonas paulae Sørensen, 2007 (additional source)
Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Campyloderes kerguelenensis (Zelinka, 1913) Johnston, 1938 accepted as Campyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Campyloderes macquariae Johnston, 1938 (additional source)
Campyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (taxonomy source)
Campyloderes vanhöffeni Zelinka, 1913 accepted as Campyloderes vanhoeffeni Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Campyloderes vanhöffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 accepted as Campyloderes vanhoeffeni var. kerguelensis Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Cateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968 (additional source)
Cateria styx Gerlach, 1956 (additional source)
Cateria submersa Gerlach, 1969 accepted as Zelinkaderes submersus (Gerlach, 1969) (additional source)
Centroderes agigensis Băcescu, 1963 in Băcescu, Dumitrescu, Marcus, Paladian & Mayer, 1963 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Centroderes eisigii Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Centroderes multispinosus McIntyre, 1962 accepted as Condyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) Higgins, 1969 (additional source)
Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881) (additional source)
Centrophyes biserratus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes biserratus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes curvatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes curvatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes denticulatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes denticulatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes diffusus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes diffusus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes longihastatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes longihastatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes moderatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes moderatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes rectilineatus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes rectilineatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes tenuis Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes tenuis (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centrophyes validus Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Pycnophyes validus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis arctica Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Centropsis arcticus Steiner, 1919 accepted as Centropsis arctica Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Centropsis arcuata Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis eruca (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Centropsis greeffii Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes greeffii (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis lanuginosa (Greeff, 1869) accepted as Echinoderes lanuginosus Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Centropsis pagenstecheri Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (additional source)
Centropsis pallida Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pallidus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis parallela Zelinka, 1908 accepted as Echinoderes parallelus (Zelinka, 1908) (additional source)
Centropsis pulchella Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pulchellus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis pusilla Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes pusillus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis rosacea Zelinka, 1928 accepted as Echinoderes rosaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Centropsis spinosa (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Echinoderes spinosus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Centropsis spinosus (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Centropsis spinosa (Panceri, 1878) accepted as Echinoderes spinosus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha liticola Sørensen, 2008 (additional source)
Cephalorhyncha nybakkeni (Higgins, 1986) (additional source)
Condyloderes megastigma Sørensen, Rho & Kim, 2010 accepted as Condyloderes setoensis Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Condyloderes multispinosus (McIntyre, 1962) Higgins, 1969 (additional source)
Condyloderes paradoxus Higgins, 1969 (additional source)
Condyloderes setoensis Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Condyloderes storchi Higgins, 2004 in Martorelli & Higgins, 2004 (additional source)
Dracoderes abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990 (additional source)
Dracoderes gallaicus Sørensen, Herranz, Rho, Min, Yamasaki, Sánchez & Pardos, 2012 (additional source)
Dracoderes orientalis Adrianov, 1999 in Adrianov & Malakhov, 1999 (additional source)
Echinoderella bengalensis Timm, 1958 accepted as Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderella capitata Zelinka, 1912 accepted as Echinoderes capitata (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1912) (additional source)
Echinoderella elongata Nyholm, 1947 accepted as Echinoderes elongata (Nyholm, 1947) Karling, 1954 accepted as Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderella maxwelli Omer-Cooper, 1957 accepted as Echinoderes maxwelli (Omer-Cooper, 1957) (additional source)
Echinoderella remanei Blake, 1930 accepted as Echinoderes remanei (Blake, 1930) (additional source)
Echinoderella setigera Greef, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes setigera Greeff, 1869 accepted as Echinoderes setiger Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Echinoderella sonadiae Timm, 1958 accepted as Echinoderes sonadiae (Timm, 1958) accepted as Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderella steineri Chitwood, 1951 accepted as Echinoderes steineri (Chitwood, 1951) (additional source)
Echinoderes abbreviatus Higgins, 1983 (additional source)
Echinoderes acercus Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Leptodemus acercus (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Kinorhynchus acercus (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes agigens Bacescu, 1968 (additional source)
Echinoderes andamanensis Higgins & Rao, 1979 (additional source)
Echinoderes angustus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Echinoderes applicitus Ostmann, Nordhaus & Sørensen, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes aquilonius Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Echinoderes arcticus (Steiner, 1919) (additional source)
Echinoderes arcuatus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes arlis Higgins, 1966 (additional source)
Echinoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Semnoderes armatus (Zelinka, 1928) (new combination reference)
Echinoderes asiaticus Adrianov, 1989 accepted as Cephalorhyncha asiatica (Adrianov, 1989) (additional source)
Echinoderes aspinosus Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes aureus Adrianov, Murakami & Shirayama, 2002 (additional source)
Echinoderes bengalensis (Timm, 1958) (additional source)
Echinoderes bermudensis Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Echinoderes bispinosus Higgins, 1982 (additional source)
Echinoderes bookhouti Higgins, 1964 (additional source)
Echinoderes borealis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes brevispinosus Higgins, 1966 accepted as Echinoderes brevicaudatus Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes canariensis Greeff, 1869 (additional source)
Echinoderes cantabricus Pardos, Higgins & Benito, 1998 (additional source)
Echinoderes capitata (Zelinka, 1928) accepted as Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1912) (additional source)
Echinoderes capitatus (Zelinka, 1912) (additional source)
Echinoderes caribiensis Kirsteuer, 1964 (additional source)
Echinoderes cavernus Sørensen, Jörgensen & Boesgaard, 2000 (additional source)
Echinoderes cernunnos Sørensen, Rho, Min, Kim & Chang, 2012 (additional source)
Echinoderes citrinus Zelinka, 1928 (additional source)
Echinoderes collinae Sørensen, 2006 (additional source)
Echinoderes coulli Higgins, 1977 (additional source)
Echinoderes dentatus Reinhard, 1881 accepted as Pycnophyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) accepted as Setaphyes dentatus (Reinhard, 1881) Sánchez, Yamasaki, Pardos, Sørensen & Martínez, 2016 (additional source)
Echinoderes druxi d'Hondt, 1972-1973 (additional source)
Echinoderes dubius Reinhard, 1885 accepted as Leptodemus dubius (Reinhard, 1887) accepted as Kinorhynchus dubius (Reinhard, 1885) (additional source)
Echinoderes dujardinii Claparède, 1863 (additional source)
Echinoderes ehlersi Zelinka, 1913 (additional source)
Echinoderes elongata (Nyholm, 1947) Karling, 1954 accepted as Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderes elongatus (Nyholm, 1947) (additional source)
Echinoderes erinaceus (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Echinoderes erucus Panceri, 1878 (additional source)
Echinoderes eximus Higgins & Kristensen, 1988 (additional source)
Echinoderes ferox (Zelinka, 1928) (additional source)
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Orissa, identified as Cateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Orissa, identified as Cateria gerlachi Higgins, 1968
English kinorhynchs for Kinorhyncha
English mud dragons for Kinorhyncha
English spiny-crown worms for Kinorhyncha
German Kinorhynchen, Hakenrüssler, Igelnackentiere, Stoßrüssler, Igelwürmer for Kinorhyncha
Italian Chinorhinchi for Kinorhyncha
Spanish Cinorrincos, Kinorrincos, Quinorrinchos, Quinorrincos for Kinorhyncha
 Classification

Neuhaus (2013, pp. 273, 276): "Bütschli (1876) is cited (e.g., Higgins 1971) to have established the first family ... [details]

 Classification

Neuhaus (2013, p. 273): "Some confusion appears in the literature (Remane 1928, 1929, 1936; Zelinka 1928; Higgins 1971; ... [details]

 Description

Neuhaus (2013): description based on adult with head + neck (= Greeff’s body segment 1) + 11 trunk segments ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek καμπὐλος kampylos, bent, arched, and from Greek deres, neck, a ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek kκατω- kato-, down, below, and referred to the animals living deep below ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κέντρον kentron, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κόνδυλος kondylos, bone joint, and from Greek deres, neck, a common ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek δράκων drakon, dragon, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek εχίνος echinos, hedgehog, and Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek κινεῖν kinein, move, and from Greek ῥύγχος rhynchos, snout, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek νέος neos, new, young, from Greek κέντρον kentron, centre, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek παρα- para-, near, next to, and from Greek κέντρον kentron, and ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek πυκνός pyknos, dense, sturdy, and from Greek phyo, let develop, made by ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek σεμνός semnos, modest, reluctant, and from Greek deres, neck, a common ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name was derived from Greek σφήν sphen, wedge, and from Greek deres, neck, a common suffix of ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus name honoured one of the major pioneers of kinorhynch studies, viz, Carl Zelinka. The suffix was derived ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 287): Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 287): Gerlach 1969: p. 162, not C. styx of Rao & Ganapati (1966, 1968) ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy accordimng to Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) and according to Neuhaus et al. (2013): not Centroderes ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus et al. (2013): not Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947b but C. spinosus and not C. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 300): Centrophyes curvatus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 346-347, Pl. 7: Fig. 5; ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 279): D. abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990: pp. 940–946, Figs 1–5, type ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 279): E. agigens Bacescu, 1968: p. 239, Pl. 1: Fig. 3, Pl. 6: Fig. 1A–C; ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. arlis Higgins, 1966: pp. 518-519, Figs 1-2; Adrianov & Malakhov 1999a: ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, pp. 239, 300): Hapaloderes armatus Zelinka 1928: p. 227, Pl. 2: Figs ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. aureus Adrianov et. al., 2002a: pp. 51-59, Figs 2-5, Tab. 1 Sørensen ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderella bengalensis Timm, 1958: pp. 107-108, Figs 1A, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. brevispinosus Higgins, 1966a: pp. 118-121, Figs 1-2; E. brevicaudatus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): E. brevispinosus Higgins, 1966a: pp. 118-121, Figs 1-2; E. brevicaudatus ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): probably not E. dujardinii of Tokioka (1949) and of Sudzuki (1976); for ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes incertus Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes ponticus Reinhard, 1881: pp. 589-590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 265-267, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013), partly modified: Echinoderes Metschnikowii Reinhard, 1885: pp. 273-274, pl. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes parvulus Reinhard, 1881: p. 590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 269-270, pl. ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013): Echinoderes ponticus Reinhard, 1881: pp. 589-590; Reinhard 1885 (pp. 265-267, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Neuhaus 2004 (pp. 13, 17), Neuhaus & Sørensen 2012: “almost indistinguishable species complex of Campyloderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis greeffi Zelinka, 1928: pp. 272-274, Fig. 48, = Echinoderes monocercus of Greeff (1869) and of ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis pagenstecheri comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: p. 357, Fig. 67, species indeterminata; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, = Centropsis rosacea (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 351, may include Centropsis pulchella; [details]

 Taxonomy

Centropsis spinosus comb. nov. Steiner, 1919: p. 182, aware of Zelinka's yet unpublished monograph introduces ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 271-272, Pl. 1: Figs 13-14, emended description, Centropsis spinosa = E. spinosus of Panceri ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1978b: p. 179, possibly juvenile stage of E. riedli. [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins (1964): listed as type species; Neuhaus (2013): designated as type species [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1985: pp. 797-799, Fig. 4: probably not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865), Pagenstecher (1875), and ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Sørensen et al. 2012b: Echinoderes lanceolatus possibly junior synonym of Echinoderes aureus [details]

 Taxonomy

Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes cf. setigera of Levander (1900), and not E. subfuscus of Zelinka (1928), ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Greeff 1869: pp. 20-22, Pl. 2: Fig. 10, E. monocercus of Claparède (1863) and of Metschnikoff (1865)(?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Metschnikoff 1865: pp. 460-461, Pl. 35: Fig. 11, description, not E. monocercus of Claparède (1863)(?), = juvenile ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1928: pp. 76, 80-81, Fig. 19, not Centropsis (E.) monocercus of Greeff (1869) [details]

 Taxonomy

Zelinka 1928: pp. 357-359, Figs 67-69, Centropsis monocerca = E. monocercus of Claparède (1863), of Metschnikoff ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov 1999: pp. 157 and 273, listed as species described from juvenile stage [details]

 Taxonomy

Echinoderes Pagenstecheri Reinhard, 1885 (p. 262) and 1887 (p. 438): incorrectly cites Pagenstecher as author; ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947: p. 23, Hapaloderes gracilis = juvenile stage of E. setigera (?); Karling 1955: p. 189, not Echinoderes ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 37, 41, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

not E. dujardinii of Metschnikoff (1865, 1869) and not of Levander (1900) but E. subfuscus [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: p. 37, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) erroneously cited the species name as available from the unpublished PhD Thesis of R. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Krishnaswamy 1962: p. 62, incorrectly considers Pycnophyes dentatus as a junior synonym of E. worthingi [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1936: p. 349, Fig. 274a, = juvenile stage of Echinoderella capitata (?) [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1968: p. 30, Habroderes manglaris Kristeuer, 1964 (pp. 389-392, Fig. 2a) and Habroderella orientalis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Nyholm 1947c: p. 23, H. gracilis = juvenile stage of Echinoderella setigera (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 975, =Centroderes eisigii (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Leptodemus acercus comb. nov. Zelinka, 1928: pp. 297-299, Figs 56-57, p. 360, not E. acerca of Schepotieff (1907b) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Trachydemus giganteus Zelinka, 1908: p. 639, Fig. 7, type species by monotypy; Kinorhynchus giganteus comb. nov. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

N. intermedius Higgins, 1969b: pp. 117-121, Figs 1-3, only ♂♂ known / Higgins 1983: p. 47, N. satyai is ... [details]

 Taxonomy

N. satyai Higgins, 1969b: pp. 121-123, Figs 4-5, only ♀♀ known; Higgins 1983: p. 47, junior synonym of N. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Remane 1929: p. 247, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes sp.; [details]

 Taxonomy

Hyalophyes conspicuus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 179, 344-345, Pl. 7: Fig. 3, juvenile stage of Pycnophyes robustus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1983: pp. 77, 80, species indeterminata [details]

 Taxonomy

Adrianov & Malakhov (1999) erroneously cited the species name as available from the unpublished PhD Thesis of R. ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, p. 286): P. flaveolatus Zelinka, 1928: pp. 323–325, Pl. 13: Figs ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Lang 1953: p. 3, Fig. 4, Pocnyphyes odhneri, lapsus calami, emended description [details]

 Taxonomy

Sheremetevskij 1974: p. 982, = juvenile stage of Pycnophyes dentatus (?); [details]

 Taxonomy

Higgins 1964b: p. 481, erroneously lists P. zelinkaei as type species [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy according to Neuhaus (2013, pp. 239, 300): Hapaloderes armatus Zelinka 1928: p. 227, Pl. 2: Figs ... [details]