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Kelly, M.; Erpenbeck, D.; Morrow, C.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2015). First record of a living species of the genus Janulum (Class Demospongiae) in the Southern Hemisphere. Zootaxa. 3980 (2): 255-266.
198038
10.11646/zootaxa.3980.2.6 [view]
Kelly, M.; Erpenbeck, D.; Morrow, C.; Van Soest, R.W.M.
2015
First record of a living species of the genus <i>Janulum</i> (Class Demospongiae) in the Southern Hemisphere.
Zootaxa
3980 (2): 255-266
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
A new species of the enigmatic sponge genus Janulum de Laubenfels, 1936 was discovered recently on the Louisville Seamount Chain, in International Waters to the east of New Zealand; two small specimens were found encrusting the interstices of the stony coral Solenosmilia variabilis Duncan at a depth of 1200–1600 m. Janulum imago sp. nov., is described and compared with the genus type J. spinispiculum (Carter, 1876) from the North Atlantic. Janulum was also recorded from the Late Eocene Oamaru Diatomite of southern New Zealand in 1892, but was misidentified as genus Plocamia Schmidt (Order Poecilosclerida Topsent, Family Microcionidae Carter). Fossil species Janulum princeps sp. nov. is also described herein and represents the first record of this North Atlantic-Arctic Ocean genus in the Southern Hemisphere. The validity of J. filholi (Topsent, 1890), the second and only other North Atlantic species currently assigned to Janulum, is considered in the context of J. spinispiculum and the new species J. imago sp. nov.
New Zealand
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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by
2015-06-29 09:02:41Z
created
2018-02-09 09:47:49Z
changed

Haliclona filholi (Topsent, 1890) (new combination reference)
Janulum de Laubenfels, 1936 (basis of record)
Janulum imago Kelly & Van Soest, 2015 (original description)
Janulum princeps Kelly & Van Soest, 2015 † (original description)
Janulum spinispiculum (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Celtic Seas for Janulum spinispiculum (Carter, 1876) 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Janulum imago Kelly & Van Soest, 2015 
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone for Janulum princeps Kelly & Van Soest, 2015 † 
New Zealand-Kermadec Lower Bathyal Province for Janulum imago Kelly & Van Soest, 2015 
North Atlantic Lower Bathyal Province for Janulum spinispiculum (Carter, 1876) 
Unknown type, geounit New Zealand, identified as Janulum princeps Kelly & Van Soest, 2015
Holotype NIWA 94196, geounit New Zealand-Kermadec Lower Bathyal Province, identified as Janulum imago Kelly & Van Soest, 2015


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