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Bird, G.J. (2001). Tanaidacea, in: Costello, M.J. et al. European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 310-315
In: Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.; White, R.J. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp., more
In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISSN 1158-422X

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    Relatively few comprehensive faunal lists of Tanaidacea exist and the compilation has necessarily drawn on many individual papers on taxonomy or benthic ecology, although Sieg (1983b) has been invaluable. Major published sources for the NE Atlantic included Hansen (1913), Holdich & Jones (1983a), Holdich & Bird (1985), and two series by Bacescu (eg. 1981a, 1982a, 1985) and Bird & Holdich (eg.1988, 1989a, 1989c). Mediterranean and Black Sea records were more disparate and the list may be less comprehensive than that for the Atlantic. In this context, an unpublished thesis that included many ‘new’ species from the Bay of Naples was not used (Schiecke 1973).

    Geographic coverage conformed to that in Figure 1 with Hansen’s species records for West Greenland and some by Monod and others from Mauritania being excluded, even though the chance of their being found in the study area is high. Deep-sea taxa are especially prevalent in the list but recourse to unpublished material available to the compiler was kept to the minimum (Holdich & Bird 1989).

    Throughout, the listing of old and obsolete names (many of them basionyms) has been minimised but reference to the comprehensive and excellent bibliography (Sieg 1983b) will enable those interested to follow nomenclatural changes. Linked to this, the reference attached to each record is generally a more familiar, or later, publication than the original except where this is unique or particularly definitive.

    The classification of the two suborders, Apseudomorpha and Tanaidomorpha, is problematical and contentious but, for the purpose of the ERMS list, the former are classified following Gutu (1996) and the latter by Sieg (1986b). An alternative classification would place the apseudomorphan genera Carpoapseudes Lang, 1968 and Leviapseudes Sieg, 1980 in the family Whiteleggidae Gutu, 1972 rather than as a subfamily within the Apseudidae Leach, 1814. Also, within the tanaidomorphan family Anarthruridae Lang, 1971 are subsumed the better known Leptognathiidae Sieg, 1976 and Agathotanaidae Lang, 1971, but not the typhlotanaids which stand as a separate family. It is probable that this complex will receive more attention in the next few years, with many species of Leptognathia Sars, 1882 and Typhlotanais Sars, 1882 being transferred to new or existing genera.

    The compiler is grateful for useful and detailed revisory comments from Dr. Modest Gutu, of the Muzeul de Istorie Natural “Grigore Antipa”, Bucarest.


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