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RAS: Register of Antarctic Species
RAS (Eds.) (2024). Register of Antarctic Species. Accessed at on yyyy-mm-dd.

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Dedicated website
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

A checklist of Antarctic species, compiled by taxonomic experts and based on peer-reviewed literature. more

Antarcic biodiversity is endemic, and more diverse and biogeographically structued than previously thought. Interests in understanding species distribution, mechanisms driving spatial pattern of Antarctic species, as well as significance of underexplored taxons is rapidly growing. Human impacts, nevertheless, pose challenges to current and future understanding of Antarctic biodiversity and conservation.
Register of Antarctic Species (RAS) aims to provide an authorative and comprehensive list of names of marine and terrestrial species in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. It serves as a reference guide for users to intepret taxonomic literature, as valid names and other names in use are both provided.
Taxonomic experts and database managers both contribute to the maintenance and development of RAS. The editorial management system of RAS works to ensure that quality information is presented, as an expert is responsible for each taxonomic group.
Information of marine taxons hosted on RAS is consistent with that in World Register of Marine Species, as information of terrestrial taxons grows on an independent process.
The RAS Editorial Board strives to maintain the website a comprehensive and up-to-date resource. Please contact us if you detect any error or omission. Authors are encouraged to send copies of publications to respective editors with details of new or revised nomenclature.

Biology, Biology > Ecology - biodiversity
Marine/Coastal, Fresh water, Brackish water, Terrestrial, Classification, Species, Taxonomy, PS, Antarctica

Geographical coverage
PS, Antarctica [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
From 1758 on [In Progress]


Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), moredatabase developer
Biersma, Elisetaxonomic editor
Brandão, Simonetaxonomic editor
Convey, Petertaxonomic editor
De Broyer, Claudetaxonomic editor
Downey, Racheltaxonomic editor
Flores, Hauke
Hogg, Iantaxonomic editor
Jersabek, Christiantaxonomic editor
McInnes, Sandra J.taxonomic editor
Merican, Faradinataxonomic editor
Siegel, Volkertaxonomic editor
Waller, Cathtaxonomic editor
Van de Putte, Antontaxonomic editordata manager

Related datasets
Published in:
WoRMS: World Register of Marine Species, more
Source datasets:
A collection of Antarctic Nemertea
A collection of Antarctic Phipoda
Aeolian microbial dispersal limitation to Antarctica (2017)
Airborne Bacteria from Miers Valley, Antarctica
Amphipoda Hyperiidea of the Southern Ocean: catalogue and occurrences
Amundsen Sea Mollusca from the BIOPEARL II expedition
Annelid Fauna of the Prince Gustav Channel, a previously ice-covered seaway on the northeastern Antarctic Peninsula - Data
Antarctic Amphipod Crustaceans: Ant'Phipoda Database (BIANZO)
Antarctic Amphipoda
Antarctic and Subantarctic Asteroid zoogeography
Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Asteroidea database 2017
Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Lophogastrida occurrences
Antarctic and SubAntarctic Ophiuroidea - MNA (Section of Genoa)
Antarctic Arrow worms
Antarctic cryosphere fungal diversity (2015)
Antarctic cryptoendolithic fungal communities ITS amplicon sequencing
Antarctic Echinoids: an interactive database, more
Antarctic Euphausiacea occurence data from "German Antarctic Marine Living Resources" (GAMLR) Expeditions
Antarctic Euphausiacea occurence data from Norwegian Antarctic Research Expedition 1976-77
Antarctic Euphausiacea occurence data from Polish FIBEX expeditions
Antarctic Euphausiacea occurrence data from ITALICA 2000 Expedition
Antarctic Euphausiacea occurrence data from Norwegian Antarctic Research Expedition 1979
Antarctic fish Gobionotothen gibberifrons
Antarctic Foraminiferans
Antarctic Isopods
Antarctic Jellyfish
Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from Australian expeditions
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from BAS expeditions
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from Discovery expeditions
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from Japanese expeditions
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from Spanish RV "Fruela"
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from Ukraine YUGNIRO Institute
Antarctic Krill occurrence data from US AMLR "US Antarctic Marine Living Resources" Program
Antarctic macrobenthic communities: A compilation of circumpolar information
Antarctic Marine Amoebae
Antarctic Marine Bacteria from Denmark University
Antarctic Marine Species Sequence Data
Antarctic Nemertea
Antarctic pack ice Bacterial (16S) communities
Antarctic Parborlasia corrugatus
Antarctic Penguin Biogeography Project: Database of abundance and distribution for the Adélie, chinstrap, gentoo, emperor, macaroni, and king penguin south of 60 S
Antarctic Peninsula Bacterioplankton 16S rRNA gene surveys and metagenomes from Winter 2002 and Summer 2006.
Antarctic polar desert surface soil microbiome
Antarctic Pycnogonids II
Antarctic Rotifera literature review
Antarctic snow algae communities
Antarctic Starfish (Echinodermata: asteroidea) from the ANDEEP3 expedition
Antarctic Surface Snow Bacterial Communities
Antarctic, Sub-Antarctic and cold temperate echinoid database
ANTAVIA TrackingKing
Ant'Phipoda Database (New records)
ANTXXIII8TP: ANTXXIII-8 Birds and Mammals
Archaea from the ANDEEP3 expedition
Arctic multi-year sea ice Bacteria
Arctic Ocean microbial metagenomes sampled aboard CGC Healy during the 2015 GEOTRACES Arctic research cruise
Argentina–Chile National Geographic Pristine Seas Expedition To The Antarctic Peninsula - Deep Sea Cam Data
Associated microbiome (Bacteria and Fungi) in Antarctic sea stars (healthy versus exhibiting epidermal disease)
Asteroids, ophiuroids and holothurians from the South-Eastern Weddell Sea (Southern Ocean)
Bacteria (16S ssu rRNA) in an Antarctic snow sample
Bacteria (16S) and Eukaryotes (18S) from the Sor Rondane Mountains (East Antarctica)
Bacteria (16S) in Antarctic terrestrial soils of the Sor Rondane Mountains
Bacteria (16S) in growth laminae of a large conical mats from Lake Untersee, East Antarctic
Bacteria and Archaea biodiversity in Arctic and Subarctic terrestrial ecosystems in Alaska
Bacteria and Archaea biodiversity in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems affected by climate change in Northern Siberia
Bacteria and Archaea biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems of Chilean Patagonia
Bacteria and Archaea in different soil types on King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica)
Bacteria and chlorophyll-a water column observations (surface to ~150m), April-August 2001, Continental Margin Western Antarctic Peninsula, GLOBEC
Bacteria from Penguin Guano, Antarctica
Bacteria in Antarctic glacial foreland soils
Bacteria on mummified seals in the Antarctic Dry Valleys
Bacterial community during Phaeocystis antarctica blooms (Amundsen Sea polynya)
Bacterial Diversity Assessment in Antarctic Terrestrial and Aquatic Microbial Mats
Bacterial diversity in closed cryoconite holes in Southern Victoria Land (Antarctica)
Bacterial in the Amundsen Sea Polynya (Southern Ocean): community composition in environmental samples and mesocosm experiment
Bacterioplankon from lakes on Byers Peninsula (2008)
Bacterioplankton in surface waters off the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula
BCCM/ULC Cyanobacteria culture collection at the University of Liège (ISO9001 certified)
benthic communities bacterial in Antarctica and the arctic
Benthic microbial communities (Bacteria, 16S) of coastal terrestrial and ice shelf Antarctic meltwater ponds
Biogeographic distribution of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Cumacea
Biogeographic distribution of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Mysida
Biogeographic distribution of the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic brachiopods (living forms)
Biopearl expedition: SeaStars (Echinodermata, Asteroidea)
Bryozoa collection of the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA) - Data
Carotenoid producing bacteria from Antarctica
CEAMARC Eastern Antarctic Gelatinous Mesozooplankton (Cnidaria and Ctenophora)
Circumpolar dataset of sequenced specimens of Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata, Crinoidea)
Collections data on ecology of bottom animal of the Southern ocean
Community diversity in microbial eukaryotes from lakes in the the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica
Cyanobacteria in microbial mats from Antarctic lakes
cyanobacterial mats of from the Byers Peninsula, Antarctica
Distribution records of Amphipoda based on the collection stored at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA)
Distributional records of Ross Sea (Antarctica) planktonic Copepoda from bibliographic data and samples curated at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA)
Distributional records of sea cucumbers (Echinodermata, Holothuroidea) based on the collection stored at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, section of Genoa)
DNA metabarcoding of the prey and microbiome of museum specimen Antarctic trematomid fishes
East Weddell Sea echinoids from the JR275 expedition
Epipelagic mesozooplankton distribution and abundance in Southern Ocean Atlantic sector and the North Atlantic and Arctic 1996-2013
EPOS3: SeaStars (Echinodermata, Asteroidea)
Evidence of a Vulnerable Marine Ecosystem documented via tourist submarine off Cape Well-Met, Vega Island, Eastern Antarctic Peninsula (Subarea 48.1) - data
fumarolic microbial communities at Tramway Ridge, Mt. Erebus, Antarctica
Fungal communities (ITS) in Antarctic brines.
Fungi (LSU) in soils from the South Shetland island, Antarctic Peninsula island, and Union Glacier
Geomicrobiology of Antarctic Subglacial Environments - Subglacial Lake Whillans
Geothermal Fumarole Subsurface Mt. Erebus, Antarctica
Global biogeography of desert cyanobacteria
Gut content of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba from the West Antarctic Peninsula
Heterotrophic bacterial diversity in aquatic microbial mat communities from Antarctica
High gene flow in polar cod (Boreogadus saida) from West-Svalbard and the Eurasian Basin - Occurrence Data
Hypolithic and soil bacteria in Miers_Valley, Antarctica
Icota - Pelagant
Improving Species-Based Area Protection in Antarctica - data
In situ observations of Stygiomedusa gigantea
Inter-Valley Soil Comparative Survey of the McMurdo Dry Valleys
Invertebrates from the ANTARXXVII Leg1 expedition to the Bransfield Strait, Antarctica - data
Isopoda of the Southern Ocean: New Records from the Ross Sea Area by the National Antarctic Museum (MNA) Genoa Section
ITS samples from the air and snow of Livingston Island
Krill abundance, vertical and horizontal distribution (MOCNESS system), April-June 2001-02, continental margin west of Antarctic Peninsula, GLOBEC
Lissarca notorcadensis BAS CAML
Macrozooplankton concentrations estimated from MOCNESS tow samples, Continental Margin Western Antarctic Peninsula, GLOBEC
Marine bacterial, archaeal and eukaryotic microbial communities on the continental shelf of the western Antarctic Peninsula
Marine bacterioplankton community structure in the vicinity of Antarctic icebergs
Marine birds and mammals of the Southern Ocean (a census for the CAML)
Marine mammals on the INACH expeditions
Marine_ microbial eukaryotes (18S) from the Ross Sea (Antarctica)
Maritime and Sub-Antarctic microbial soil fungi communities
Metagenome assembly of an Amundsen Sea (Antarctica, Southern Ocean) water sample
Metatranscriptome from microbial mats in Arctic and Antarctic polar tundra environments
Microbes (16S and 18S rRNA genes) from benthic Antarctic sediments
Microbes (Eukaryotes and Archaea) in sea water from Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, Antarctica)
Microbial (16S) diversity in sediments of the former subglacial Hodgson lake (Antarctica)
Microbial (Bacteria, 16S) Diversity in Antarctic marine sediments (Admiralty Bay and Bransfield Strait)
Microbial communities (Bacteria and Archaea) in Lake Fryxell (Antarctica) along an oxygen gradient
Microbial communities (Bacteria, Eukaryotes and Fungi) in Arctic, Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic lacustrine biofilms
Microbial communities (Eukaryotes and Bacteria) of transiently wetted vs. arid Antarctic Dry Valley soils
Microbial communities in colored snow from Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, Maritime Antarctica, 2017)
Microbial diversity (Bacteria and Archaea 16S rRNA gene) in geothermal sites of Deception Island volcano, Antarctica
microbial Eukaryotes in lakes along an Argentinian-Antarctic geographical gradient
Microbial fungal communities (18S) of Antarctic Dry Valley lakes
Microbial Fungi in soils on different Sub-Antarctic islands
Microbial metabarcoding surveys (Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryota) of the arctic marine environment
Microbial population dynamics along a terrestrial Antarctic moisture gradient
Microbial soil Fungi (ITS2) diversity from Maritime Antarctica
Microbiome (Archaea, Bacteria and Eukaryota) of lake Fryxell and lake Bonney (McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica)
Microbiome (Archaea, Bacteria and Fungi) in soils from King George Island (Antarctica)
Microbiome (Bacteria, Archaea and fungi) from University Valley Permafrost cores (Antarctica)
Microbiome diversity in the Sør Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica
Microorganisms (Bacteria 16S; Eukaryota 18S) from soil crusts in polar (Arctic and Antarctic) ecosystems
Microorganisms (Bacteria and Archaea) in the marine cavity beneath the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica
Microorganisms (Bacteria, Archaea and phototroph eukaryotes) from Fildes Bay, King George Island, Antarctica
Microorganisms (eukaryote and bacteria) in Antarctic cryoconite holes.
Microorganisms in frost flowers on young Arctic sea ice, comparison between different ice types
Microorganisms in Paleomats at the shores of lake Vanda, Antarctica
Mitochondrial lineages in the Antarctic sea slug Doris kerguelenensis
MNA (Section of Genoa) and NIWA Invertebrate Collection - Ross Sea Tanaidacea
MNA (Section of Genoa) associated collection of CCFEE (Tuscia University) - Antarctic Fungi
MNA CIBAN Italian Antarctic Bacterial Culture Collection
Mollusca collected by Agassiz trawl from the 2016 SO-AntEco Expedition to the South Orkney Islands, Antarctica - data
Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (MACN), Buenos Aires: sea stars collection (Asteroidea, Echinodermata)
Myctobase, a circumpolar database of mesopelagic fishes for new insights into deep pelagic prey fields - data
Near‐shore microbial communities (Eukaryotes, Bacteria and Archaea) of the sub‐Antarctic Prince Edward Islands
Nemertina World Checklist
New Zealand Terrestrial Biocomplexity Survey
Palmer LTER 2014 cruise microbial Eukaryote (18s) plankton
Pelagic microbes (Eukaryote 18S and Material 16S amplicons) from sites in the Southern, Indian and Arctic Oceans
Penguins of Antarctica
Planktonic, benthic and sympagic copepods collected in the desalination unit during the XXXIVth Expedition of the Italian National Antarctic Program (PNRA)
PolE At Sea Observations of Birds and Marine Mammals during PS 81 (ANT-XXIX/4)
Porifera collection of the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA) - Data
Promachocrinus kerguelensis
Protist diversity in a permanently ice-covered Antarctic Lake during the polar night transition
RNA-Virome (RNA shotgun sequencing) from lake Limnopolar on Livingston Island (Antarctica)
Ross Sea mollusca from Italica 2004
Ross Sea Pycnogonids
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Antarctic free-living marine Nematodes - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Benthic Hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) - data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Benthic Ostracoda - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - foraminifera- Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Lophogastrida and Mysida (Crustacea: Malacostraca: Peracarida) of the Southern Ocean - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - macroalgae - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Porifera - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Tanaidacea - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Tintinnid Ciliates of the Southern Ocean - Data
SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean -Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda)
Sea cucumbers (Echinodemata, Holothuroidea) from the JR275 expedition to the Eastern Weddell Sea, Antarctica - Data
Sea spiders (Arthropoda, Pycnogonida) from ten recent research expeditions to the Antarctic Peninsula, Scotia Arc and Weddell Sea - data
Sequenced genes (ureC gene) and a metagenome from Archaea in Arctic and Antarctic marine environments
Soil microbiome (Bacteria) on Keller Peninsula (Antarctica)
SOMBASE - Southern Ocean mollusc database: a tool for biogeographic analysis in diversity and evolution
Southern Ocean Cnidarian Collections
Southern Ocean Experimental Metatranscriptome to Investigate Micronutrient Colimitation
Southern Ocean microbial dataset
Southern Ocean octopus
Southern Ocean oligochaete occurrence data - a literature-based compilation, more
Southern Ocean Ostracoda (except Halocypridina)
SOVIET ANTARCTIC EXPEDITIONS for Zooplankton (R.V. OB March-May 1956, January-March 1957;R.V.ACADEMIC KURCHATOV, October 1971-January 1972; RV DMITRY MENDELEEV;R.V.ACADEMIC IOFFE 1992)
Stable isotope ratios and elemental contents of C, N and S in benthic organisms sampled during the PROTEKER 5 summer campaign in Kerguelen Islands (2016) - data
Stable isotope ratios of C, N and S in Southern Ocean sea stars (1985-2017)
Staying cool also has consequences: increased sea ice cover disrupts food web structure in East Antarctica-Data
Surface and deep marine bacterial communities in the Arctic and Antarctic
Tagged Seal Location Data from SOGLOBEC
The Belgica 121 expedition to the Western Antarctic Peninsula: a high resolution biodiversity census
The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities
The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking (Standardised) Data from the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
The skin microbiome (based on 16S) of Antarctic Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)
V3-V4 16S rDNA of soil bacteria in King George Island and Deception Island
Vulnerable Marine Ecosystem Indicator Taxa recorded by submarine as evidence of the presence of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems, Antarctic Peninsula - data
Walter Herwig 1978 (FFS): SeaStars (Echinodermata, Asteroidea)
Weddell Sea macrozoobenthos EASIZ I
Western Antarctic Peninsula Bacteria (Mesocosm exp.)
Winter Picoplankton Diversity and Distribution in the US Antarctic Marine Living Resources Study Area - Northern Antarctic Peninsula
Zooplankton abundance and population structures assessed during April-September of 2001-2, Southern Ocean, GLOBEC
Zooplankton Abundance Based on Taxa and Life Stages or Size

Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Data origin: Data collection
Metadatarecord created: 2017-08-28
Information last updated: 2024-01-17
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy