ERMS taxon details

Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856

129491  (

Evarne Malmgren, 1865 · unaccepted (Homonym, replacement Evarnella a...)  
Homonym, replacement Evarnella a synonym


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  1. Subgenus Harmothoe (Austrolaenilla)
    1. Species Harmothoe (Austrolaenilla) mollis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) accepted as Austrolaenilla mollis (Sars, 1872) (superseded recombination)
  2. Species Harmothoe abyssicola Bidenkap, 1895
  3. Species Harmothoe aequespina (Langerhans, 1884)
  4. Species Harmothoe anoculata Hartmann-Schröder, 1975
  5. Species Harmothoe antilopes McIntosh, 1876
  6. Species Harmothoe areolata (Grube, 1860)
  7. Species Harmothoe aspera (Hansen, 1878)
  8. Species Harmothoe bellani Barnich & Fiege, 2000
  9. Species Harmothoe borealis (Théel, 1879)
  10. Species Harmothoe casabullicola Brito, Nuñez & Bacallado, 1991
  11. Species Harmothoe clavigera (M. Sars, 1863)
  12. Species Harmothoe coeliaca de Saint-Joseph, 1888
  13. Species Harmothoe crosetensis (McIntosh, 1885)
  14. Species Harmothoe evei Kirkegaard, 1980
  15. Species Harmothoe extenuata (Grube, 1840)
  16. Species Harmothoe fragilis Moore, 1910
  17. Species Harmothoe fraserthomsoni McIntosh, 1897
  18. Species Harmothoe gilchristi Day, 1960
  19. Species Harmothoe glabra (Malmgren, 1865)
  20. Species Harmothoe globifera (Sars G.O., 1873)
  21. Species Harmothoe goreensis Augener, 1918
  22. Species Harmothoe hyalonemae Martin, Rossel & Uriz, 1992
  23. Species Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767)
  24. Species Harmothoe impar (Johnston, 1839)
  25. Species Harmothoe ingolfiana Ditlevsen, 1917
  26. Species Harmothoe johnstoni (McIntosh, 1876)
  27. Species Harmothoe joubini Fauvel, 1913
  28. Species Harmothoe longisetis (Grube, 1863)
  29. Species Harmothoe micraspis Eliason, 1962
  30. Species Harmothoe oculinarum (Storm, 1879)
  31. Species Harmothoe pagenstecheri Michaelsen, 1896
  32. Species Harmothoe pokoui Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975
  33. Species Harmothoe rarispina (M. Sars, 1861)
  34. Species Harmothoe reticulata (Claparède, 1870)
  35. Species Harmothoe serrata Day, 1963
  36. Species Harmothoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864)
  37. Species Harmothoe talismani Roule, 1898
  38. Species Harmothoe tenuisetis (McIntosh, 1885)
  39. Species Harmothoe villosa Treadwell, 1926
  40. Species Harmothoe viridis Loshamn, 1981
  41. Subgenus Harmothoe (Antinoella) Augener, 1928 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
    1. Species Harmothoe (Antinoella) sarsi (Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Bylgides sarsi (Kinberg in Malmgren, 1866) (synonym)
  42. Subgenus Harmothoe (Harmothoe) Kinberg, 1856 accepted as Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856
    1. Species Harmothoe (Harmothoe) glabra (Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Harmothoe glabra (Malmgren, 1865) (superseded combination)
  43. Species Harmothoe andreapolis (McIntosh, 1874) accepted as Malmgrenia andreapolis McIntosh, 1874 (superseded recombination)
  44. Species Harmothoe castanea (McIntosh, 1876) accepted as Malmgrenia castanea McIntosh, 1876 (superseded subsequent combination)
  45. Species Harmothoe echinopustulata Fauvel, 1913 accepted as Leucia nivea (M. Sars, 1863)
  46. Species Harmothoe elisabethae (McIntosh, 1900) accepted as Harmothoe impar (Johnston, 1839) (superseded subsequent combination)
  47. Species Harmothoe furcosetosa (Loshamn, 1981) accepted as Pettibonesia furcosetosa (Loshamn, 1981)
  48. Species Harmothoe hubrechti (McIntosh, 1900) accepted as Eunoe hubrechti (McIntosh, 1900) (superseded subsequent combination)
  49. Species Harmothoe lagiscoides Willey, 1902 accepted as Harmothoe crosetensis (McIntosh, 1885) (junior synonym)
  50. Species Harmothoe ljungmani (Malmgren, 1867) accepted as Malmgrenia ljungmani (Malmgren, 1867) (superseded subsequent combination)
  51. Species Harmothoe lunulata (Delle Chiaje, 1830) accepted as Malmgrenia lunulata (Delle Chiaje, 1830) (superseded subsequent combination)
  52. Species Harmothoe marphysae McIntosh, 1876 accepted as Malmgrenia marphysae (McIntosh, 1876) (superseded original combination)
  53. Species Harmothoe maxillospinosa de Saint-Joseph, 1888 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  54. Species Harmothoe mcintoshi Tebble & Chambers, 1982 accepted as Malmgrenia mcintoshi (Tebble & Chambers, 1982) (superseded original combination)
  55. Species Harmothoe notochaetosa López & San Martín, 1996 accepted as Harmothoe serrata Day, 1963 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, subjective synonym)
  56. Species Harmothoe sibbaldii McIntosh, 1876 accepted as Harmothoe spinifera (Ehlers, 1864) (subjective synonym)
  57. Species Harmothoe violacea (Storm, 1879) accepted as Leucia violacea (Storm, 1879) (superseded recombination)
  58. Species Harmothoe zetlandica (McIntosh, 1876) accepted as Malmgreniella ljungmani (Malmgren, 1867) accepted as Malmgrenia ljungmani (Malmgren, 1867)
  59. Species Harmothoe alba (Malmgren, 1866) (uncertain > nomen dubium, holotype indeterminable)
  60. Species Harmothoe haliaeti McIntosh, 1876 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  61. Species Harmothoe minuta (Potts, 1910) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at
page(s): 386 [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2024) European Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-17
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2024). European Register of Marine Species. Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856. Accessed at: on 2024-06-17
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
2007-01-22 09:31:04Z
2007-02-01 10:44:13Z
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
2021-06-09 23:23:00Z
2023-02-25 17:33:30Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at
page(s): 386 [details]   

original description  (of Evarne Malmgren, 1865) Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part one of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(1): 51-110, plates VIII-XV., available online at
page(s): 71 [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in RoR[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at  [details]   

additional source Barnich, Ruth; Fiege, Dieter. (2000). Revision of the Mediterranean species of <i>Harmothoe</i> Kinberg, 1856 and <i>Lagisca</i> Malmgren, 1865 (Polychaeta: Polynoidae: Polynoinae) with descriptions of a new genus and a new species. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 34(10): 1889-1938., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Barnich, R.; Fiege, D.; Micaletto, G.; Gambi, M. C. (2006). Redescription of Harmothoe spinosa Kinberg, 1856 (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) and related species from Subantarctic and Antarctic waters, with the erection of a new genus. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 40(1-2): 33-75., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Barnich, R.; Fiege, D. (2009). Revision of the genus Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) in the Northeast Atlantic. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2104: 1-76. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality