WoRMS taxon details

Chrysopetalum Ehlers, 1864

129235  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129235)

accepted
Genus
Palmyra (Palmyrides) (subjective synonymy of only species)
Palmyra (Palmyropsis) Claparède, 1864 (subjective synonymy of only species)
Species Chrysopetalum elegantoides Aguado, Capa & San Martín, 2003
Species Chrysopetalum elongatum (Grube, 1856)
Species Chrysopetalum eurypalea Perkins, 1985
Species Chrysopetalum floridanum Perkins, 1985
Species Chrysopetalum hernancortezae Perkins, 1985
Species Chrysopetalum heteropalea Perkins, 1985
Species Chrysopetalum maculatum Aguado, Capa & San Martín, 2003
Species Chrysopetalum mexicanum Cruz-Gómez, 2021
Species Chrysopetalum occidentale Johnson, 1897
Species Chrysopetalum paessleri Augener, 1912
Species Chrysopetalum remanei Perkins, 1985
Species Chrysopetalum debile (Grube, 1855)
Species Chrysopetalum tovarae Cruz-Gómez, 2021

Species Chrysopetalum caecum Langerhans, 1880 accepted as Dysponetus caecus (Langerhans, 1880) (superseded original combination)
Species Chrysopetalum ehlersi Gravier, 1902 accepted as Paleanotus debilis (Grube, 1855) accepted as Chrysopetalum debile (Grube, 1855)
Species Chrysopetalum elegans Bush in Verrill, 1900 accepted as Bhawania goodei Webster, 1884 (subjective synonym)
Species Chrysopetalum riveti Gravier, 1908 accepted as Bhawania riveti (Gravier, 1908) (superseded original combination)
Species Chrysopetalum macrophthalmum Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Paleanotus macrophthalmus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Species Chrysopetalum maculata Aguado, Capa & San Martín, 2003 accepted as Chrysopetalum maculatum Aguado, Capa & San Martín, 2003 (incorrect original spelling, for compulsory gender agreement)
Species Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Chrysopetalum debile (Grube, 1855) (unnecessary new name for Palmyra debilis)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
neuter
Ehlers, E. H. (1864). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985759
page(s): 80; note: based on existing Palmyra debilis Grube [details]   
Note Type species remains Chrysopetalum fragile...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species remains Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864, although it is evidently an unnecessary name replacing Grube's name Palmyra debilis Grube 1855 [now Chrysopetalum debile]. Type species cannot be Palymyra debilis directly. The connection is objective as referring to the same worm and Chrysopetalum debile was indirectly included in the genus. [details]
Etymology Note stated. Petalum is a neuter Latin noun meaning a metal plate, and chrysos is a masculine noun meaning gold or golden,...  
Etymology Note stated. Petalum is a neuter Latin noun meaning a metal plate, and chrysos is a masculine noun meaning gold or golden, thus golden plate, and the genus is neuter. [details]

Taxonomy Day (1962:635 and 1967:116) put Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864, type of Chrysopetalum, into Paleanotus, consequently...  
Taxonomy Day (1962:635 and 1967:116) put Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864, type of Chrysopetalum, into Paleanotus, consequently synonymising Chrysopetalum into Paleanotus. Perkins (1985:865) restored Chrysopetalum as valid. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2022). World Polychaeta Database. Chrysopetalum Ehlers, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129235 on 2022-01-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-03-18 22:38:57Z
changed
2013-11-19 22:38:31Z
changed
2018-11-30 00:53:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ehlers, E. H. (1864). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985759
page(s): 80; note: based on existing Palmyra debilis Grube [details]   

original description  (of Palmyra (Palmyropsis) Claparède, 1864) Claparède, Édouard. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). <em>Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève.</em> 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 583, 586; note: "Je donne le nom de Palmyropsis au sous-genre caracterise par cette multiplicite des antennes." [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Day, J.H. 1962. Polychaeta from several localities in the western Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 139(4): 627-656., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1962.tb01597.x
page(s): 645 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Perkins, T. H. (1985). Chrysopetalum, Bhawania and two new genera of Chrysopetalidae (Polychaeta), principally from Florida. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 98(4): 856-915., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34649145
page(s): 865 [details]   

biology source Watson, Charlotte. (2020). Transformative notochaetae: larval development and metamorphosis in <em>Chrysopetalum </em>spp. (Chrysopetalinae: Chrysopetalidae: Annelida) [IPC13]. <em>Zoosymposia.</em> 19(1): 209-221., available online at https://www.mapress.com/j/zs/article/view/zoosymposia.19.1.21 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Note stated. Petalum is a neuter Latin noun meaning a metal plate, and chrysos is a masculine noun meaning gold or golden, thus golden plate, and the genus is neuter. [details]

Grammatical gender Neuter. Petalum is neuter and for the type species Ehlers combined it with fragile which is the neuter form of the adjective fragilis -ile. [details]

Taxonomy Day (1962:635 and 1967:116) put Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864, type of Chrysopetalum, into Paleanotus, consequently synonymising Chrysopetalum into Paleanotus. Perkins (1985:865) restored Chrysopetalum as valid. [details]

Type species Type species remains Chrysopetalum fragile Ehlers, 1864, although it is evidently an unnecessary name replacing Grube's name Palmyra debilis Grube 1855 [now Chrysopetalum debile]. Type species cannot be Palymyra debilis directly. The connection is objective as referring to the same worm and Chrysopetalum debile was indirectly included in the genus. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese タンザクゴカイ属  [details]