WoRMS taxon details

Chionoecetes opilio (Fabricius, 1788)

107315  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:107315)

Cancer opilio Fabricius, 1788 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Cancer phalangivm Fabricius, 1780 · unaccepted > junior homonym
Chionoecetes behringianus Stimpson, 1857 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Chionoecetes chilensis Streets, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Peloplastus Pallasii Gerstaecker, 1856 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym


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  1. Subspecies Chionoecetes opilio elongatus Rathbun, 1924 accepted as Chionoecetes elongatus Rathbun, 1924 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Cancer opilio Fabricius, 1788) Fabricius, O. (1788). Beskrivelse over den store Grønlandske Krabbe. <em>Nye Samling af Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrivter.</em> 3: 181-190; unnumbered Plate. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Arctic to Gulf of Maine  
Distribution Arctic to Gulf of Maine [details]
DecaNet eds. (2024). DecaNet. Chionoecetes opilio (Fabricius, 1788). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=107315 on 2024-06-18
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2010-01-19 07:57:53Z
2020-12-08 16:13:51Z
2022-04-10 14:55:44Z
2022-07-08 08:34:34Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Cancer opilio Fabricius, 1788) Fabricius, O. (1788). Beskrivelse over den store Grønlandske Krabbe. <em>Nye Samling af Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrivter.</em> 3: 181-190; unnumbered Plate. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Chionoecetes behringianus Stimpson, 1857) Stimpson, W. (1857). Notices of new species of Crustacea of western North America; being an abstract from a paper to be published in the journal of the Society. <em>Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 6: 84-89. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Chionoecetes chilensis Streets, 1870) Streets, T.H. (1870). Notice of some crustacea of the genus <i>Libinia</i>, with descriptions of four new species. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 22: 104-107. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Peloplastus Pallasii Gerstaecker, 1856) Gerstaecker, A. (1856). Carcinologische Beiträge. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 22(1): 101-162, pls. 4-6. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cancer phalangivm Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, O. (1780). Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens animalia groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificium, triviale, vernaculumque, synonyma auctorum plurimum, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum capturamque singuli, pro ut detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes. <em>Hafniae [= Copenhagen] & Lipsiae [= Leipzig], Ioannis Gottlob Rothe.</em> xvi + 452 pp., 1 pl., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13442285 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 284-292 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., L. Bosse & G. Lamarche. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pohle, G.W. (1990). A guide to decapod Crustacea from the Canadian Atlantic: Anomura and Brachyura. <em>Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.</em> 1771. 29 p. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Norwegian part of the Barentsz Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Distribution Arctic to Gulf of Maine [details]

Habitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Dutch Arctische sneeuwkrab  [details]
English snow crabqueen crabOpilio tanner crabAtlantic snow spider crabAtlantic snow crab  [details]
French crabe des neiges  [details]
German SchneekrabbeNordische EismeerkrabbeArktische Seespinne  [details]
Japanese ズワイガニ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål snøkrabbe  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk snøkrabbe  [details]
Russian Краб-стригун обыкновенный (опилио)  [details]