WoRMS taxon details

Odontaspididae Müller & Henle, 1839

105704  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105704)

accepted
Family
Genus Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878
  » Subgenus Carcharias (Aprion) Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus Blainville, 1816 (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias aaronis Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias abbreviatus Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias acutidens Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Negaprion acutidens (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias acutus Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias aethalorus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias aethiops Philippi, 1902 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (ambiguous synonym)
  » Species Carcharias albimarginatus Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Carcharhinus albimarginatus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias amblyrhynchos Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856)
  » Species Carcharias amboinensis Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias atwoodi Storer, 1848 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Carcharias azureus Gilbert & Starks, 1904 accepted as Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias bleekeri Duméril, 1865 accepted as Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias borneensis Seale, 1910 accepted as Carcharhinus sealei (Pietschmann, 1913)
  » Species Carcharias borneensis Bleeker, 1858 accepted as Carcharhinus borneensis (Bleeker, 1858)
  » Species Carcharias brachyrhynchos Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias brachyurus Günther, 1870 accepted as Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)
  » Species Carcharias brevipinna Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias ceruleus DeKay, 1842 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  » Species Carcharias commersoni (Blainville, 1816) accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Carcharias crenidens Klunzinger, 1880 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias cuspidatus Day, 1878 accepted as Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878 (misspelling)
  » Species Carcharias dumerilii Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Loxodon macrorhinus Müller & Henle, 1839
  » Species Carcharias dussumieri Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus dussumieri (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias ehrenbergi Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias elegans Ehrenberg, 1871 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Carcharias ellioti Day, 1878 accepted as Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger, 1871)
  » Species Carcharias eumeces Pietschmann, 1913 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias falciformis Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias falcipinnis Lowe, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias fasciatus Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
  » Species Carcharias ferox (Risso, 1810) accepted as Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
  » Species Carcharias forskalii Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Negaprion acutidens (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias fronto Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868)
  » Species Carcharias galapagensis Snodgrass & Heller, 1905 accepted as Carcharhinus galapagensis (Snodgrass & Heller, 1905)
  » Species Carcharias gangeticus Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Glyphis gangeticus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias glyphis Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Glyphis glyphis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias gracilis Philippi, 1887 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Carcharias griseus Ayres, 1843 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias hemiodon Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus hemiodon (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias hemprichii Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
  » Species Carcharias henlei Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus porosus (Ranzani, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias henlei Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias hirundinaceus Valenciennes, 1839 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias insularum Snyder, 1904 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
  » Species Carcharias isodon Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus isodon (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1850 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  » Species Carcharias javanicus Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus tjutjot (Bleeker, 1852) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias kamoharai Matsubara, 1936 accepted as Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) (basionym)
  » Species Carcharias lalandii Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias lamia Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Carcharias lamiella Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)
  » Species Carcharias latistomus (Fang & Wang, 1932) accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  » Species Carcharias leucas Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias limbatus Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias littoralis (Lesueur, 1818) accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias longimanus (Poey, 1861) accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
  » Species Carcharias longurio Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
  » Species Carcharias macloti Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus macloti (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias macrorhynchos Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Scoliodon macrorhynchos (Bleeker, 1852) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias macrurus Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887 accepted as Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818)
  » Species Carcharias maculipinna Günther, 1868 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias malabaricus Day, 1873 accepted as Carcharhinus dussumieri (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias marianensis Engelhardt, 1912 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Carcharias maso Morris, 1898 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Carcharias melanopterus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Carcharias menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus falciformis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias microps Lowe, 1841 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias milberti Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  » Species Carcharias muelleri Steindachner, 1867 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias muelleri Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Scoliodon laticaudus Müller & Henle, 1838
  » Species Carcharias munzingeri Kossmann & Räuber, 1877 accepted as Negaprion acutidens (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias murrayi Günther, 1883 accepted as Glyphis gangeticus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias nesiotes Snyder, 1904 accepted as Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856)
  » Species Carcharias noronhai Maul, 1955 accepted as Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955)
  » Species Carcharias obesus Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Triaenodon obesus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias obtusirostris Moreau, 1881 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
  » Species Carcharias obtusus Garman, 1881 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
  » Species Carcharias owstoni Garman, 1913 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias oxyrhynchus Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias palasorra Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Scoliodon laticaudus Müller & Henle, 1838
  » Species Carcharias pelagicus Cadenat, 1963 accepted as Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
  » Species Carcharias phorcys Jordan & Evermann, 1903 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias platensis (Lahille, 1928) accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Carcharias playfairii Günther, 1870 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Carcharias pleurotaenia Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides (Whitley, 1934) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias pleurotaenia Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias porosus Ranzani, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus porosus (Ranzani, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias pugae Pérez Canto, 1886 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Carcharias remotus Duméril, 1865 accepted as Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)
  » Species Carcharias rondeletti Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1829 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Carcharias sealei Pietschmann, 1913 accepted as Carcharhinus sealei (Pietschmann, 1913)
  » Species Carcharias siamensis Steindachner, 1896 accepted as Glyphis siamensis (Steindachner, 1896)
  » Species Carcharias sorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias sorrahkowah Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Carcharias spallanzani (Péron & Lesueur, 1822) accepted as Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias spenceri Ogilby, 1910 accepted as Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839)
  » Species Carcharias stevensi Ogilby, 1911 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias taeniatus Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899 accepted as Carcharhinus sorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias temminckii Müller & Henle, 1839 accepted as Lamiopsis temminckii (Müller & Henle, 1839) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias tephrodes (Fowler, 1905) accepted as Lamiopsis tephrodes (Fowler, 1905) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias tigris Atwood, 1869 accepted as Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias tjutjot Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus tjutjot (Bleeker, 1852) (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Species Carcharias verus Cloquet, 1817 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias vorax Owen, 1853 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias vulgaris (Richardson, 1836) accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789) accepted as Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias walbeehmi Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias walbeehmii (Bleeker, 1856) accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias walbenii Bleeker, 1856 accepted as Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell, 1837) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Carcharias watu Setna & Sarangdhar, 1946 accepted as Carcharhinus hemiodon (Müller & Henle, 1839) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias yangi Teng, 1959 accepted as Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) (unaccepted)
  » Species Carcharias zambesensis Peters, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Carcharias zambezensis Peters, 1852 accepted as Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839) (unaccepted)
Genus Odontaspis Agassiz, 1838
  » Species Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
  » Species Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955)
  » Species Odontaspis americanus (Mitchill, 1815) accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Odontaspis arenarius (Ogilby, 1911) accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Odontaspis cinerea Ramsay, 1880 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Odontaspis herbsti Whitley, 1950 accepted as Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
  » Species Odontaspis kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) accepted as Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
  » Species Odontaspis madagascariensis Fourmanoir, 1961 accepted as Negaprion acutidens (Rüppell, 1837)
  » Species Odontaspis nasutus Bragança, 1904 accepted as Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898
  » Species Odontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Odontaspis tricuspidata (Day, 1878) accepted as Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878

Genus Charcharias accepted as Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
marine
Not documented
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Long, inferior mouths extending behind eyes. Gill openings 5, the fifth...  
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Long, inferior mouths extending behind eyes. Gill openings 5, the fifth well before pectoral fin. Jaws not very protractile in Odontaspis and Pseudocarcharias; jaws very protractile and the rostrum projected in Scapanorhynchus (=Mitsukurina). All the known species are of large size up to 3.6 m or more. They occur in coastal and slope waters in tropical and temperate latitudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fishes, other sharks, rays, squids and bottom crustaceans. Development is ovoviviparous, without a yolk-sac placenta but with uterine cannibalism. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Odontaspididae Müller & Henle, 1839. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105704 on 2021-10-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2021). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Distribution Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Long, inferior mouths extending behind eyes. Gill openings 5, the fifth well before pectoral fin. Jaws not very protractile in Odontaspis and Pseudocarcharias; jaws very protractile and the rostrum projected in Scapanorhynchus (=Mitsukurina). All the known species are of large size up to 3.6 m or more. They occur in coastal and slope waters in tropical and temperate latitudes. They feed on a wide variety of bony fishes, other sharks, rays, squids and bottom crustaceans. Development is ovoviviparous, without a yolk-sac placenta but with uterine cannibalism. [details]

Habitat Sand tiger sharks are tropical to warm-temperate, inshore to offshore, littoral and deepwater sharks. They occur in continental and insular waters from the outer shelves and down the slopes to possibly 1 600 m, on seamounts, and with one species (Odontaspis noronhai) also oceanic in the epipelagic and possibly the mesopelagic zone. [details]
LanguageName 
English true sharkssand tigerssand tiger sharkssand sharksragged-tooth sharkspatingsgrey (or gray) nurse sharksgray sharks  [details]
French requins de sable  [details]
Japanese オオワニザメ科mizuwani kachuich’ih sha k’o  [details]
Portuguese tubaroes de areia  [details]
Russian Peschanye akulyDlinnozubye akuly  [details]
Spanish torossolrayos  [details]