WoRMS source details

Stimpson, W. (1853). Synopsis of the marine Invertebrata of Grand Manan: or the region about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge. 6: 1-66, pls. 1-3.
10.5962/bhl.title.11697 [view]
Stimpson, W.
Synopsis of the marine Invertebrata of Grand Manan: or the region about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick.
Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge
6: 1-66, pls. 1-3.
often cited as 1854, but originally published 1853
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Ant'Phipoda Literature database
World Isopoda DB
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
NeMys doc_id: 2939
Introduction. "The Island of Grand Manan, the natural history of which this paper is intended to illustrate, is perhaps but little known, geographically, to many who may be readers of this account. It may not be out of place, therefore, to make some remarks on its position. It is more properly an archipelago than an island. The smaller members of the group lie to the east of the largest, which is twenty miles in length, with a general trend north-east and south-west, having an average breadth of nine or ten miles. It lies at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, about ten miles from the western shore at Campo-bello and Eastport, and thirty from the Nova Scotia shore. It is surrounded on all sides by deep water (a hundred fathoms or more), as might be judged from the character of the shores, which are rocky and precipitous, especially on the western side, where cliffs of a basaltic structure rise perpendicularly to a height of several hundred feet. On the south-eastern side, where there are numerous islands, the shores are low and shelving, composed of Mica-slate having a dip of about 70°. The passages between these islands, worn out by the tides which rush with great velocity through them, are generally very shallow, while a short distance seaward the water becomes as deep as on the western side. The following paper is intended as a compend of observations made on the marine fauna of this region, during three months' residence in the summer of 1852; and also as a catalogue, which it is hoped will prove nearly complete, of the marine invertebrates found on its shores and in the adjacent waters.
America, North
Boreal western Atlantic
Cod: Cape May to Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, incl. Bay of Fundy.
Western Atlantic warm temperate to boreal
Atlantic, North West (= warm + cold temporate (boreal))
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-01-20 18:35:34Z
2014-05-22 23:30:59Z
2015-06-11 08:17:32Z
2015-09-18 03:51:18Z
2015-11-03 22:41:31Z
2023-04-22 23:23:58Z
2023-12-05 14:47:53Z

Acaulis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Acaulis primarius Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Actinia carneola Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Stomphia coccinea (Müller, 1776) (original description)
Actinia coriacea Cuvier, 1798 accepted as Urticina coriacea (Cuvier, 1798) (additional source)
Actinia crassicornis Müller, 1776 accepted as Urticina crassicornis (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Actinia dianthus Ellis, 1768 accepted as Metridium dianthus (Ellis, 1768) (additional source)
Actinia marginata Le Sueur, 1817 accepted as Metridium dianthus (Ellis, 1768) (additional source)
Actinia obtruncata Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Actinia sipunculoides Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Edwardsia sipunculoides (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Aega concharum Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Politolana concharum (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Aega polita Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Politolana polita (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Aegina spinossisima Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Aeginina spinosissima (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Aeginina longicornis (Krøyer, 1843) (original description)
Allorchestes littoralis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ptilohyale littoralis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Amphithonotus cataphractus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Pleustes cataphractus (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Pleustes (Pleustes) panoplus (Krøyer, 1838) (original description)
Ampithoe maculata Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Ampithoe virescens Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Ancula sulphurea W. Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ancula gibbosa (Risso, 1818) (original description)
Anonyx exiguus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Hippomedon exiguus (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Hippomedon serratus Holmes, 1903 (original description)
Anonyx nobilis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Tmetonyx nobilis (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Psammonyx nobilis (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Wecomedon nobilis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Anonyx pallidus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Anonyx sarsi Steele & Brunel, 1968 (original description)
Anthura brachiata Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Calathura brachiata (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Asellodes Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Janira Leach, 1814 (original description)
Asellodes alta Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Janira alta (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Asteracanthion albulus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Stephanasterias albula (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Asteracanthion littoralis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Leptasterias littoralis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Astrophyton agassizi Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Gorgonocephalus arcticus Leach, 1819 (original description)
Brada Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Brada granosa Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Brada sublaevis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Canthopsis harvardiana Agassiz, 1850 accepted as Alderia modesta (Lovén, 1844) (additional source)
Caprella longimanus Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Caudina Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Cerapus fasciatus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ericthonius fasciatus (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Cerapus fucicola Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ischyrocerus fucicola Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ischyrocerus anguipes Krøyer, 1838 (original description)
Cerapus rubricornis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ericthonius rubricornis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Cryptonota Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Spinther Johnston, 1845 (original description)
Cryptonota citrina Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Spinther citrinus (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Doris planulata W. Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Cadlina laevis (Linnaeus, 1767) (original description)
Enonella Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Enonella bicarinata Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Eolis farinacea W. Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Aeolidia papillosa (Linnaeus, 1761) (original description)
Eolis mananensis W. Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Flabellina verrucosa (M. Sars, 1829) accepted as Coryphella verrucosa (M. Sars, 1829) (original description)
Eolis purpurea W. Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Eudendrium cingulatum Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Eunice oerstedii Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Eunice vivida Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Gammarus macropthalmus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Calliopius macrophthalmus (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Calliopius laeviusculus (Krøyer, 1838) (original description)
Glycera viridescens Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (original description)
Gnathia cerina (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Caecognathia cerina (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Grammaria Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Grammaria robusta Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Grammaria abietina (Sars, 1851) (original description)
Idotea montosa Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Edotia montosa (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Idotea tuftsii Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Chiridotea tuftsii (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Iphimedia vulgaris Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Jugaria quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Lepralia candida Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Schizobrachiella candida (Stimpson, 1854) (original description)
Lepralia crassispina Stimpson, 1854 accepted as Escharella immersa (Fleming, 1828) (original description)
Leptothoe Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Maera Leach, 1814 (original description)
Leptothoe danae Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Maera danae (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Leucothoe grandimana Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Linckia pertusa (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Henricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776) (new combination reference)
Lumara Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Thelepus Leuckart, 1849 (original description)
Lumara flava Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Thelepus cincinnatus (Fabricius, 1780) (original description)
Lysianassa spinifera Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Tiron spiniferus (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Monoculodes Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Monoculodes demissus Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Neaera pellucida W. Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Cuspidaria pellucida (W. Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Nephthys ingens Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780) (original description)
Nereis denticulata Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Nereis pelagica Linnaeus, 1758 (original description)
Nereis grandis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Alitta grandis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Nereis iris Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Ocnus Ayresii Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Ophelia glabra Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Pandalus levigatus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Pandalus montagui Leach, 1814 (original description)
Pholoe tecta Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Pholoe minuta tecta (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Phoxus fusiformis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Harpinia fusiformis (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Harpinia plumosa (Krøyer, 1842) (original description)
Phoxus kroyeri Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Phoxocephalus kroyeri (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Phoxocephalus holbolli (Krøyer, 1842) (original description)
Podocerus nitidus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Podoceropsis nitida (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Gammaropsis nitida (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Protula media Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Pseudopthalmus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ampelisca Krøyer, 1842 (original description)
Pseudopthalmus limicola Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ampelisca limicola (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Pseudopthalmus pelagicus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Ampelisca pelagicus (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Ampelisca eschrichtii Krøyer, 1842 (original description)
Ptilocheirus Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Leptocheirus Zaddach, 1844 (original description)
Ptilocheirus pinguis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Leptocheirus pinguis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Sabella zonalis Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Sertularia latiuscula Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Siphonostoma asperum Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Pherusa aspera (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Spirorbis quadrangularis Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Bushiella (Jugaria) quadrangularis (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Stenothoe clypeata Stimpson, 1853, non Krøyer, 1842 accepted as Metopa groenlandica Hansen, 1888 (original description)
Sternaspis fossor Stimpson, 1853 (original description)
Tanais filum Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Leptochelia filum (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Pseudoleptochelia filum (Stimpson, 1853) accepted as Pseudonototanais filum (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Tecturella flaccida Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Flabelligera affinis M. Sars, 1829 (original description)
Terebella brunnea Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Amphitrite brunnea (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Vermilia serrula Stimpson, 1853 accepted as Chitinopoma serrula (Stimpson, 1853) (original description)
Bay of Fundy for Eudendrium cingulatum Stimpson, 1853 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia carneola Stimpson, 1853 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia coriacea Cuvier, 1798 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia obtruncata Stimpson, 1853 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Actinia sipunculoides Stimpson, 1853 
Grand Manan Island for Eolis farinacea W. Stimpson, 1853 
Unknown type, geounit Bay of Fundy, identified as Achelia spinosa (Stimpson, 1853)

Not stated. Cryptonota is from Greek and is assumed to mean concealed back. Assumed intended as feminine, as the ... [details]


Not stated. Assumed named 'citrina' for the "beautiful lemon-yellow color" of the specimen [details]

 Taxonomic remark

incertae sedis- according to Morales-Núñez, Heard, & Alfaro, 2013 "cannot be referred to any of the existing ... [details]

 Type locality

Bay of Fundy, Grand Manan Islands, off Duck Island, 20 feet deep [details]

 Type species

Stimpson (1854) named two new species for his new genus Brada, B. granosa and B. sublaevis. Hartman (1959: 413), as ... [details]