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Benayahu, Y (1993). Corals of the South-west Indian Ocean. I. Alcyonacea from Sodwana Bay, South Africa. Oceanographic Research Institute, Investigational Report No. 67. 16 pp.
5988
Publication
Used for taxonomy only - does not list distribution records outside South Africa.
A list of 37 species of Alcyonacea is presented for the coral reefs of Sodwana Bay in Southern Natal, South Africa, including two new species. The latter are Sinularia schleyeri and Efflatounaria sodwanae, both of which are described and illustrated. This is the first description of an Efflatounaria species using scanning electron microscopy, revealing the fine structure of its platelets. In addition, a description of Anthelia flava (May, 1899) is also given and the structure of its sclerites, presented by scanning electron microscopy, indicates that they are unique in structure, consisting of needle-like skeletal units.
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Anthelia Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Anthelia flava (May, 1898) accepted as Sansibia flava (May, 1898) (basis of record)
Efflatounaria sodwanae Benayahu, 1993 accepted as Aldersladum sodwanum (Benayahu, 1993) (original description)
Heteroxenia K├Âlliker, 1874 (basis of record)
Heteroxenia fuscescens (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Lobophytum Marenzeller, 1886 (basis of record)
Lobophytum crassum von Marenzeller, 1886 (basis of record)
Lobophytum depressum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (basis of record)
Lobophytum latilobatum Verseveldt, 1971 (basis of record)
Lobophytum venustum Tixier-Durivault, 1957 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton crassum Tixier-Durivault, 1946 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton flexuosum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 (basis of record)
Sarcophyton infundibuliforme Tixier-Durivault, 1958 (basis of record)
Sinularia May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia abrupta Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Sclerophytum abruptum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (basis of record)
Sinularia brassica May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia dura (Pratt, 1903) accepted as Sinularia brassica May, 1898 (basis of record)
Sinularia erecta Tixier-Durivault, 1945 accepted as Sclerophytum erectum (Tixier-Durivault, 1945) (basis of record)
Sinularia firma Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Sclerophytum firmum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (basis of record)
Sinularia gardineri (Pratt, 1903) accepted as Sclerophytum gardineri Pratt, 1903 (basis of record)
Sinularia gyrosa (Klunzinger, 1877) accepted as Sclerophytum gyrosum (Klunzinger, 1877) (basis of record)
Sinularia hirta (Pratt, 1903) accepted as Sclerophytum hirtum Pratt, 1903 (basis of record)
Sinularia muralis May, 1899 accepted as Sclerophytum murale (May, 1899) (basis of record)
Sinularia querciformis (Pratt, 1903) accepted as Sclerophytum querciforme Pratt, 1903 (basis of record)
Sinularia schleyeri Benayahu, 1993 accepted as Sclerophytum schleyeri (Benayahu, 1993) (original description)
Sinularia triangula Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Sclerophytum triangulum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (basis of record)
Sinularia variabilis Tixier-Durivault, 1945 accepted as Sclerophytum variabile (Tixier-Durivault, 1945) (basis of record)
Sympodium Ehrenberg, 1834 (basis of record)
Sympodium caeruleum Ehrenberg, 1834 (basis of record)
Xenia Lamarck, 1816 (basis of record)
Xenia crassa Schenk, 1896 (basis of record)
Xenia garciae Bourne, 1895 (basis of record)
Xenia kuekenthali Roxas, 1933 (basis of record)