About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoidae Kinberg, 1856 
AphiaID: 939

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphroditiformia (Suborder)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphroditiformia
Sources  original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]

identification resource Chambers, S.J.; Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/3412 [details]

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Zootaxa. 3523: 25-38., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3523.html [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeerupsen  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorscaleworms  [details]
Direct child
taxa (227)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdmetellinae Uschakov, 1977
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdmetella McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyadmetella Pettibone, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlentiana Hartman, 1942
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAndresia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoana
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoe Kinberg, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntipathypolyeunoa Pettibone, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoinae Hanley, 1989
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoe Chamberlin, 1920
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterophilia Hanley, 1989
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynoe Ditlevsen, 1917
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastrolepidia Schmarda, 1861
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParabathynoe Pettibone, 1990
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAugenerilepidonotus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustralaugeneria Pettibone, 1969
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia Bergström, 1916
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathybahamas
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathycatalina
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyedithia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyeliasona Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyfauvelia Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyhololepidella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathykermadeca
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathykurila
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathylevensteinia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacella Pettibone, 1976
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacellinae Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacella Averincev, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacella Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymariana
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymoorea
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynotalia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathytasmania
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyvitiazia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBayerpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenhamipolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenhamisetosus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBouchiria
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluminae Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpisthotrochopodus Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiplicatus
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoinae Pettibone, 1984
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiopolynoe [auctt.] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBruunilla
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrychionoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitulatinoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCervilia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetosphaera
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDilepidonotus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDisconatis
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDriechiopsis
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschella Augener & Pettibone, 1970
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschiopsis
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulagisca McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPareulagisca Pettibone, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumolphe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphione McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphionella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolynoe McIntosh, 1874
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFrennia
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGesiellinae Muir, 1982
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGesiella Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorekia Bergström, 1916
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrubeopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHartmania Pettibone, 1955
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemilepidia Schmarda, 1861
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerdmanella Darboux, 1899
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermenia Grube, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermilepidonotus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropolynoe Bidenkap, 1907
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHololepida Moore, 1905
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHylosydna
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIntoshella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIphionella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIphionides
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaenilla
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLagisca Malmgren, 1866
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidametria Webster, 1879
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
  » Genus Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAnotochaetonoe
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmopsides
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidastheniella
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNectochaeta Marenzeller, 1892
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidofimbria
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidogyra Hartman, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonote
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotinae Willey, 1902
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlentia Malmgren, 1866
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllmaniella McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetacanthus Seidler, 1922
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalosydna Kinberg, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalosydnella Hartman, 1938
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalosydnopsis Uschakov & Wu, 1959
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteralentia Hanley & Burke, 1991
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyperhalosydna Augener, 1922
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonopsis Pettibone, 1977
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotus Leach, 1816
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParahalosydna Horst, 1915
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParahalosydnopsis Pettibone, 1977
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolinoe
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThormora Baird, 1865
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlmaniella Darboux, 1899 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllmaniella McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalidonotus Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphione McIntosh, 1885
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotopodinae Pettibone, 1983
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotopodium Pettibone, 1983
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevensteiniella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLobopelma
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLucopia
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustropolaria Neal, Barnich, Wiklund & Glover, 2012
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathycanadia
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyedithya
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymiranda
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathypolaria
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephala McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOligolepis Levinsen, 1887
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinantenna Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephaloides
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacelloides Ushakov, 1957
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacelloidinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMedioantenna Imajima, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNatopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemidia Malmgren, 1866
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobylgides
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeohololepidella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNonparahalosydna
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOlgalepidonotus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphthalmonoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParagattyana
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanychia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapolyeunoa Barnich, Gambi & Fiege, 2012
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararctonoella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeinaleopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelagomacellicephala
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenaleopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerolepis
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllantinoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllohartmania
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllosheila
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlotolepis
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodarmus
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolaruschakovinae Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplaconotum Loshamn, 1981
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolaruschakov Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoina
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe Claparède, 1870
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdyte Saint-Joseph, 1899
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctinoe Barnich, Fiege, Micaletto & Gambi, 2006
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoella Augener, 1928
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArcteobia Annenkova, 1937
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoella Buzhinskaja, 1967
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustralonoe
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasylepis
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnipo Malmgren, 1866
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucranta Malmgren, 1866
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunoa
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunoe Malmgren, 1866
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGattyana McIntosh, 1897
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGaudichaudius
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgoniapolynoe Pettibone, 1991
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermadion Kinberg, 1856
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermadionella Uschakov, 1982
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesperonoe Chamberlin, 1919
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHololepidella Willey, 1905
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKermadecella Darboux, 1899
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeucia Malmgren, 1867
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgreniella Hartman, 1967
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelaenis Malmgren, 1866
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonoclea
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 2000
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParadyte Pettibone, 1969
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParalentia
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParalepidonotus Horst, 1915
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapolynoe
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPettibonesia Nemésio, 2006
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPottsiscalisetosus
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRobertianella McIntosh, 1885
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRussellhanleya
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubadyte Pettibone, 1969
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTricosmochaeta
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerrucapelma Hanley & Burke, 1991
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgia Theél, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParmenis Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgreniella Hartman, 1967
» Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoa Carrington, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudohalosydna
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudopolynoe Day, 1962
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorQuetieria
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullieriella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScalisetosus McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSheila
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorShowapolynoe Imajima, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorShowascalisetosus
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTelodrieschia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTelolepidasthenia Augener & Pettibone, 1970
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThermiphione
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThermopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTottonpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUncopolynoe Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVampiropolynoe Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWilsoniella Pettibone, 1993
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYsideria Ruff in Blake, Hilbig & Scott, 1995

Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoinae Pettibone, 1996 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolynoe Bidenkap, 1894 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvarne Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvarnella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoinae Willey, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTenonia Nichols, 1969
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNychia Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGattyana McIntosh, 1897
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoe [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeberia Horst, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynoe Ditlevsen, 1917
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo AnimalsAndEarth (David Shale) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo AnimalsAndEarth (David Shale) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:939
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  db_admin
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z  changed  Barnich, Ruth
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
[Taxonomic tree] [List Species] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (2014). Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2014-09-16