About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoidae Kinberg, 1856

939

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:939

accepted
Family
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdmetellinae Uschakov, 1977
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlentiana Hartman, 1942
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAndresia Prenant, 1924
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoe Kinberg, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntipathypolyeunoa Pettibone, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoinae Hanley, 1989
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustralaugeneria Pettibone, 1969
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia Bergström, 1916
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathybahamas Pettibone, 1985
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyedithia Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyfauvelia Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathyhololepidella Buzhinskaya, 1992
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacella Pettibone, 1976
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymacellinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymariana Levenstein, 1978
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynotalia Levenstein, 1982
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathytasmania Levenstein, 1982
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBayerpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenhamipolynoe Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenhamisetosus Averintsev, 1978
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBouchiria Wesenberg-Lund, 1949
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluminae Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpisthotrochopodus Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985 (male morph subjective synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiplicatus Pettibone, 1985
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoinae Pettibone, 1984
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchiopolynoe [auctt.] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984 (misspelling for Branchipolynoe)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBruunilla Hartman, 1971
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitulatinoe Hanley & Burke, 1989
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCervilia Frickhinger, 1916
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetosphaera
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDilepidonotus Hartman, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDisconatis Hanley & Burke, 1988
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDriechiopsis Støp-Bowitz, 1991
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschella Augener & Pettibone, 1970
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschia
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrieschiopsis Støp-Bowitz, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumolphe Risso, 1826
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphione McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphionella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolynoe McIntosh, 1874
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFrennia
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGesiellinae Muir, 1982
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorekia Bergström, 1916
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrubeopolynoe
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHartmania Pettibone, 1955
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemilepidia Schmarda, 1861
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerdmanella Darboux, 1899
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermenia Grube, 1856
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermilepidonotus Uschakov, 1974
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropolynoe Bidenkap, 1907
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHololepida Moore, 1905
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHylosydna
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIntoshella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLagisca Malmgren, 1866
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidametria Webster, 1879
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnotochaetonoe Britayev & Martin, 2005
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmopsides Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidastheniella Monro, 1924
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNectochaeta Marenzeller, 1892 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidasthenia Malmgren, 1867 (subjective synonym [type moved elsewhere])
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidofimbria Hartman, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidogyra Hartman, 1967
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotinae Willey, 1902
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotopodinae Pettibone, 1983
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotopodium Pettibone, 1983
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevensteiniella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLobopelma Hanley, 1987
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLucopia Pillai, 1965
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacellicephaloides
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacelloides Ushakov, 1957
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacelloidinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMedioantenna Imajima, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNatopolynoe Pettibone, 1985
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemidia Malmgren, 1866
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobylgides Pettibone, 1993
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeohololepidella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNonparahalosydna
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphthalmonoe Petersen & Britayev, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParagattyana
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParanychia Czerniavsky, 1882
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapolyeunoa Barnich, Gambi & Fiege, 2012
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararctonoella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeinaleopolynoe Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelagomacellicephala Pettibone, 1985
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenaleopolynoe Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerolepis
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllantinoe McIntosh, 1876
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllohartmania Pettibone, 1961
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllosheila Pettibone, 1961
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlotolepis Chamberlin, 1919
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodarmus
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolaruschakovinae Pettibone, 1976
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoina Nolte, 1936
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe Claparède, 1870
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdyte Saint-Joseph, 1899
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctinoe Barnich, Fiege, Micaletto & Gambi, 2006
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoella Augener, 1928
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArcteobia Annenkova, 1937
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArctonoella Buzhinskaja, 1967
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustralonoe Hanley, 1993
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathymoorea Pettibone, 1967
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrychionoe Hanley & Burke, 1991
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnipo Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucranta Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunoa Verrill, 1879
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunoe Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGattyana McIntosh, 1897
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGaudichaudius Pettibone, 1986
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGorgoniapolynoe Pettibone, 1991
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermadion Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHermadionella Uschakov, 1982
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHesperonoe Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHololepidella Willey, 1905
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKermadecella Darboux, 1899
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeucia Malmgren, 1867
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgreniella Hartman, 1967
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelaenis Malmgren, 1866
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonoclea Costa, 1867
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 2000
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParadyte Pettibone, 1969
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParahololepidella Pettibone, 1969
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParalentia
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParalepidonotus Horst, 1915
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapolynoe Czerniavsky, 1882
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPettibonesia Nemésio, 2006
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPottsiscalisetosus
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRobertianella McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRussellhanleya Barnich, Sun & Fiege, 2004
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubadyte Pettibone, 1969
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTricosmochaeta Morgera, 1918
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerrucapelma Hanley & Burke, 1991
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgia Théel, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (synonym)
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDasylepis Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900 (replaced homonym)
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParmenis Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMalmgrenia McIntosh, 1874 (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoa Carrington, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe Lamarck, 1818 (Spelling variation)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudohalosydna Fauvel, 1913
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudopolynoe Day, 1962
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullieriella
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScalisetosus McIntosh, 1885
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSheila Monro, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorShowapolynoe Imajima, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorShowascalisetosus Imajima, 1997
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTelodrieschia Kirkegaard, 1995
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTelolepidasthenia Augener & Pettibone, 1970
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThermopolynoe Miura, 1994
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTottonpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorYsideria Ruff, 1995

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorQuetieria Viguier, 1911 (taxon inquirendum, based on a larval scaleworm)

Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoinae Pettibone, 1996 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntinoana Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEupolynoe Bidenkap, 1894 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeopolynoe Loshamn, 1981 (junior homonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvarne Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (Homonym, replacement Evarnella a synonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvarnella Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoinae Willey, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoinae Kinberg, 1856 (junior synonym)
  » Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTenonia Nichols, 1969
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaenilla Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym, in part at least in Harmothoe)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonote [auct. misspelling for Lepidonotus] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidonotus Leach, 1816 (genus misspelling)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNychia Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGattyana McIntosh, 1897 (replaced junior homonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoe [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (lapsus)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeberia Horst, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathynoe Ditlevsen, 1917 (junior homonym)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWilsoniella Pettibone, 1993 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPettibonesia Nemésio, 2006 (replaced junior homonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (2014). Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2017-11-17

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z
changed
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z
changed


original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Barnich, R.; Fiege, D. 2003. The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 559: 167pp., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea [details]   

additional source Wehe, Thomas. (2006). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. Fauna of Arabia. 22: 23–197. [details]   

identification resource Chambers, S.J.; Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/3412 [details]   

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Zootaxa. 3523: 25-38., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3523.html [details]   

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at http://www.nmbaqcs.org/scheme-components/invertebrates/literature-and-taxonomic-keys/identification-of-scale-worms.aspx [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
 [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzeerupsen  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorscaleworms  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorウロコムシ  [details]