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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879)

130578

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130578

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonides gracilis Tauber, 1879 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded subsequent combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTauberia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded recombination, generic synonym by ICZN ruling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) Tauber, P. (1879). Annulata Danica. En Kritisk Revision af de i Danmark Fundne Annulata Chaetognatha, Gephyrea, Balanoglossi, Discophoreae, Oligochaeta, Gymnocopa og Polychaeta. Reitzel. K benhavn. 1-143. [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Danish Exclusive Economic Zone  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts;...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts; Antarctic; Bering Sea; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130578 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) Tauber, P. (1879). Annulata Danica. En Kritisk Revision af de i Danmark Fundne Annulata Chaetognatha, Gephyrea, Balanoglossi, Discophoreae, Oligochaeta, Gymnocopa og Polychaeta. Reitzel. K benhavn. 1-143. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis filiformis Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. 1953. Non-pelagic polychaeta of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(11): 1-83. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis ivanovi Annenkova, 1934) Annenkova, N. P. 1934. Paraoniden der Meeren des Fernen Osten der USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 3(8-9): 656-658. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hartley, J.P. (1981). The family Paraonidae (Polychaeta) in British waters: a new species and new records with a key to species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 61(01): 133-149., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400045975
page(s): 146 [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909. pages 27-70. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1971).[use for POLYCHAETA] Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta 1-594. IN: Dahl, Maria and Peus, Fritz (Ed.). Vol. 58. Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Maermalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. Gustav Fischer Verlag. Jena. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Cerruti, Attilio. (1909). Contributo all'anatomia, biologia e sistematica delle Paraonidae (Levinsenidae) con particolare riguardo alle specie del golfo di Napoli. Mittheilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel. 19(3): 459-512, plates 18-19., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/182419#page/483/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Hartman, Olga. (1957). Orbiniidae, Apistobranchidae, Paraonidae and Longosomidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions. 15(3): 211-393., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/24858#page/223/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Uschakov, Pavel Vladimirovich. 1955. Monogoshchetinkovye chervi dal'nevostochnykh morei U.S.S.R. 1-445. Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. Moscow & Leningrad. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis ivanovi Annenkova, 1934) Uschakov, Pavel Vladimirovich. 1955. Monogoshchetinkovye chervi dal'nevostochnykh morei U.S.S.R. 1-445. Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. Moscow & Leningrad. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) Cerruti, Attilio. (1909). Contributo all'anatomia, biologia e sistematica delle Paraonidae (Levinsenidae) con particolare riguardo alle specie del golfo di Napoli. Mittheilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel. 19(3): 459-512, plates 18-19., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/182419#page/483/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis filiformis Hartman, 1953) Hartman, Olga. (1957). Orbiniidae, Apistobranchidae, Paraonidae and Longosomidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions. 15(3): 211-393., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/24858#page/223/mode/1up [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). (1979). Opinion 1139: Paraonis Grube, 1873 (Polychaeta, Paraonidae): designation of a type species under the plenary powers. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 36(2): 114-118., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12227017 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTauberia gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Strelzov, V.E. (1973). МНОГОЩЕТИНКОВЫЕ ЧЕРВИ семейства Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 [Polychaete worms of the family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 (Polychaeta, Sedentaria)]. Akademia Nauk. Moscow. 1-170., available online at http://herba.msu.ru/shipunov/school/books/streltsov1973_paraonidae.pdf  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTauberia gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Day, J.H. 1963. The Polychaete fauna of South Africa. Part 8: New species and records from grab samples and dredgings. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Ser. Zoology, 10(7): 383-445., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19408#page/417/mode/1up
page(s): 421; note: usage in a key to distinguish between P. gracilis and P. gracilis oculata [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Hartman, Olga. (1957). Orbiniidae, Apistobranchidae, Paraonidae and Longosomidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions. 15(3): 211-393., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/24858#page/223/mode/1up
page(s): 331; note: introduces Paraonis gracilis oculata, new subspecies of P. gracilis, but does not use P. gracilis gracilis for stem species [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879)) Day, J. H.; Hutchings, P. (1979). An annotated check-list of Australian and New Zealand Polychaeta, Archiannelida and Myzostomida. Records of the Australian Museum. 32(3): 80-161., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.32.1979.203
page(s): 128; note: Paraonis gracilis from usage in Poore et al. 1975 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Fleddum, A. L. (2010). Effects of Human Disturbance on Biologiccal Traits and Structure of Macrobenthic Communities. PhD Thesis. City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts; Antarctic; Bering Sea; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

Feeding Type
adult: deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorイトヒメエラゴカイ  [details]