About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Search literature | Specimens | Distribution | Checklist | Stats | Log in

Polychaeta source details

Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries. 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8.
52104
Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E.
1887
The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine
U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries
1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8.
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Western Atlantic warm temperate to boreal
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin
2015-03-16 04:55:20Z
changed

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharete cirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharete trilobata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthostoma acutum Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos acutus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea nolani Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea quadrilobata Webster & Benedict, 1887 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Strelzovia) quadrilobata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus solitarius Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura longocirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDrilonereis magna Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEphesia minuta Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoropsis minuta (Webster & Benedict, 1887) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerodoridium minutum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEteone trilineata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEthocles Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApistobranchus Levinsen, 1883 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEthocles typicus Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApistobranchus typicus (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia bilineata Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia bilineata (Johnston, 1840) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGyptis vittata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLedon Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrochaeta Grube, 1850 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLedon sexoculata Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrochaeta sexoculata (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLumbrineris acicularum Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystides viridis Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaedophylax brevicornis Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogone verugera (Claparède, 1868) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaedophylax longicirris Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParexogone longicirris (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodarke aberrans Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrophthalmus aberrans (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScalibregma minutum Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScalibregma inflatum Rathke, 1843 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos armiger (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphonostoma grubei Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFlabelligera grubei (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerosyllis longicauda Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProsphaerosyllis longicauda (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionides Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaonice Malmgren, 1867 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionides cirratus Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaonice cirrata (M. Sars, 1851) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStreptosyllis varians Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllides benedicti Banse, 1971 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaphus hebes Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysponetus hebes (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTharyx Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTharyx acutus Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTharyx similis Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZorus sarsi Webster & Benedict, 1887 (original description)
Holotype USNM 27551, locality Maine, identified as Autolytus solitarius Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 394, locality Eastport, identified as Eulalia bilineata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 397, locality Maine, identified as Streptosyllis varians Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 398, locality Maine, identified as Paedophylax brevicornis Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 400, locality Maine, identified as Sphaerosyllis longicauda Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 439, locality Maine, identified as Paedophylax longicirris Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM 55005, locality Maine, identified as Ledon sexoculata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Syntype USNM USNM 29026, locality Eastport, identified as Aricidea nolani Webster & Benedict, 1887
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

20-30 fathoms (about 36.6-54.9 m). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

8-12 fathoms (about 15-22 m).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

8-12 fathoms (about 15-22 m). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Low water and 36.5-55 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Low water to 20 fathoms (36.5 m). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Original diagnosis of Webster & Benedict (1887: 743): "Head and first two segments without appendages. Fourth ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America (Maine, USA).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America (Maine, USA).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America (Maine, USA). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America (Maine, USA).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America (Eastport, Maine, USA).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of North America, from Newfoundland to Maine.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Atlantic coast of the USA: Eastport (Maine); Provincetown (Massachusetts). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Northwest Atlantic coast of America.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet bilineata (masculine: bilineatus) is a Latin adjective ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated, uncertain. The generic name Ledon is the Greek word for 'rockrose', origin of the Latin genus name ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet sexoculata derives from the combination of the Latin root sex, meaning 'six', and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet solitarius, Latin adjective meaning 'solitary' or 'lonely', refers probably to the fact that ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet brevicornis, formed by the Latin words brevis (='short') and cornis (='horned'), means ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet longicirris is composed by the Latin prefix long-, meaning 'elongated' or 'extended', and the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet longicauda is the feminine of the Latin adjective longicaudus, meaning 'long-tailed', and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet varians is a form of the Latin verb vario, meaning 'diversifying' or 'varying', and refers ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Grammatical gender

Assumed feminine as the species-group adjective longocirrata has a feminine suffix. Subsequent authors treated ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Coarse sand and gravel, at low water. Infralittoral of the Gulf of Maine and estuary.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

On dredged shells and sand, between 35-55 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand and sandy mud, at low water (15-55 m).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand and shells, at shallow water (15-22 m).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand and shells, at shallow water (15-22 m). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand, gravel, shells, low water to 20 fathoms (36.5 m).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand, shells and rocks, from low water to about 55 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Reproduction

Mature males, according to Webster & Benedict (1887): "The capillary (sexual) setae begin on the male on the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Moved to a different genus.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

This is a new name, not a misrecorded usage instance of the senior synonym. Webster & Benedict (1887) were aware of ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport, West Quoddy (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, Maine, Eastport (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Eastport, Maine, Atlantic coast of the USA (gazetteer estimate 44.89°, -66.97°), on dredged shells. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Off Eastport, Maine, USA, Gazetteer estimate 44.9062, -66.9809. Webster & Benedict give no location information ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type material

Holotype a 5 mm long male stolon mounted in a slide, deposited at the National Museum of Natural History, USA (USNM ... [details]