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Ophiuroidea source details

Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Arctic Ocean for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Arctic Ocean for Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
Arctic Ocean for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Azores for Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
Azores for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Azores for Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Azores for Ophiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
Bay of Biscay for Ophiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
British Isles for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
British Isles for Amphiura (Acrocnida) brachiata (Montagu, 1804) 
British Isles for Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
British Isles for Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
British Isles for Asteronyx loveni Müller & Troschel, 1842 
British Isles for Ophiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Ophiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Ophiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
British Isles for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Ophiocten affinis (Lütken, 1858) 
British Isles for Ophiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
British Isles for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
British Isles for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
British Isles for Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
British Isles for Ophiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
British Isles for Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839 
British Isles for Ophiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Brittany for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
Canary Islands for Ophiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
Cape Verde for Ophiothrix luetkeni Wyville Thomson, 1873 
Denmark for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Devon for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Devon for Ophiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
English Channel for Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
Galway Bay for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
Galway Bay for Ophiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 
Iceland for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Irish Sea for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Irish Sea for Ophiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
Les Miniquiers for Ophiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 
Mediterranean Sea for Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
Mediterranean Sea for Ophiopsila annulosa (M. Sars, 1859) 
Mediterranean Sea for Ophiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 
Mediterranean Sea for Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Moroccan part of the Alboran Sea for Ophiopsila annulosa (M. Sars, 1859) 
North East Atlantic for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
North East Atlantic for Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843 
North East Atlantic for Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
North East Atlantic for Ophiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) 
North East Atlantic for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
North East Atlantic for Ophiocten affinis (Lütken, 1858) 
North East Atlantic for Ophiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
North East Atlantic for Ophiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 
North East Atlantic for Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
North East Atlantic for Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839 
North East Atlantic for Ophiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) 
North East Coast of England  for Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
North Pacific for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
North Pacific for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
North Scotland for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
North Sea for Amphiura (Acrocnida) brachiata (Montagu, 1804) 
North West Atlantic for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
North West Atlantic for Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
North West Atlantic for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Northern North Pacific for Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
Northern North Pacific for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Norway for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Norway for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Norway for Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) 
Norway for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
Orkney Islands for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Plymouth for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
Plymouth for Ophiopsila annulosa (M. Sars, 1859) 
Plymouth for Ophiopsila aranea Forbes, 1843 
Portugal for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
Scandinavia for Ophiopholis aculeata (Linnaeus, 1767) 
Shetland Islands for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Shetlands for Ophiocomina nigra (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) 
Shetlands for Ophiopeltis securigera Düben & Koren, 1846 
Shetlands for Ophiura sarsii Lütken, 1855 
South Africa (country) for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
West Africa for Amphiura incana Lyman, 1879 
West Ireland for Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (Linnaeus, 1758) 
West Ireland for Ophiopsila annulosa (M. Sars, 1859) 
 Authority

(Forbes M.S. in Thompson, 1840) [details]

 Authority

(Gunnerus, 1767) [details]

 Authority

Ayres, 1851 [details]

 Authority

Koren, 1844 [details]

 Authority

M. Sars, 1861 [details]

 Breeding

Auricularia larva [details]

 Breeding

Auricularia larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Auricularia larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Barrel - shaped, red larvae. Early spring [details]

 Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Summer. [details]

 Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Bipinnaria larva. Winter-spring. [details]

 Breeding

Brachiolaria larva. Spring. [details]

 Breeding

Brood young under membrane [details]

 Breeding

Broods young in spring [details]

 Breeding

Broods young. Spring [details]

 Breeding

Can reproduce by fission [details]

 Breeding

Direct development? Winter [details]

 Breeding

Doliolaria larva [details]

 Breeding

Doliolaria larva. Spring [details]

 Breeding

Doliolatia larva [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer - autumn [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Early sumer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Spring to autumn [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. January to May [details]

 Breeding

Echinopluteus larva. February to May [details]

 Breeding

Eggs released, larvae not known. Juveniles of the Arctic species G. eucnemis are known to live on, or in, the ... [details]

 Breeding

Eggs, attached to genital pinnules, hatch to barrel-shaped ciliated larva; settlement stage is pentacrinoid. All ... [details]

 Breeding

Eggs, shed freely, larvae and pentacrinoid as in A. bifida[details]

 Breeding

Hermaphrodite, possibly self-fertilising, viviparous. May-September? [details]

 Breeding

Hermaphrodite. Planktonic brachiloraia larva. Spring - summer [details]

 Breeding

Large eggs, probable direct development [details]

 Breeding

Large eggs, probably direct development [details]

 Breeding

Large eggs. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Large eggs; non-pelagic development [details]

 Breeding

Large eggs; probably direct development [details]

 Breeding

Large red eggs. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Lecithotrophic, probaly planktonic larva. Spring [details]

 Breeding

Mature early summer [details]

 Breeding

Mature in summer [details]

 Breeding

Non-feeding barrel-shaped red larva. February - March [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Spring - Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. April-May [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Autumn. [details]

 Breeding

Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Ophipluteus larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Planktonic bipinnaria and brachilaria larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Probably involves planktonic larva [details]

 Breeding

Probably involving planktonic larva [details]

 Breeding

Probably ophiopluteus larva [details]

 Breeding

Probably planktonic larva. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Protandrous hermaphrodite; eggs are laid in creviices, but are not brooded. Summer [details]

 Breeding

Simultaneous hermaphrodite. Eggs are laid in masses and are brooded for three weeks under the humped body. May-June. [details]

 Breeding

Viviparous, can contain several developing young [details]

 Breeding

Yolky eggs, probably direct development [details]

 Breeding

Yolky eggs, probably direct development [details]

 Breeding

Yolky eggs. Spring [details]

 Distribution

20 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand and fine gravel, Irish Sea, Clyde and North Sea [details]

 Distribution

20 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand and fine gravel, Irish Sea, Clyde and North Sea [details]

 Distribution

4 to 20 m depth, in coarse sand, near Helgoland in the southern North Sea (Menker, 1970). The type specimen was ... [details]

 Distribution

40 to 70 m, in muddy sand, northern North Sea; reported from the Isle of Man, 2 m depth [details]

 Distribution

A deep water species, found occasionally between 100 and 200 m near the edge of the continental shelf to the west ... [details]

 Distribution

At 10 m in fine glutinous black mud in Strangford Lough, Nnorthern Ireland, also found in mud and shell gravel at ... [details]

 Distribution

At 20 to 30 m depth, crevice-living; apparently rare, found near Plymouth (Devon), Galway (Ireland) and Les ... [details]

 Distribution

At about 10 to 20 m depth, in sand, Galway Bay (Ireland) and Plymouth (southwest England); probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

 Distribution

At about 20 m depth in muddy sand or fine gravel; Isle of Man, Galway, probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

 Distribution

At about 50 m depth, on sand, apparently rather rare in the Western English Channel, reported from the Isle of Man ... [details]

 Distribution

At depths of 10 to more than 20 m, in soft sediments with shell gravel, all round the Britsh Isles, except perhaps ... [details]

 Distribution

At depths of more than 100 m, on sand and gravel, off northern and western coasts of the British Isles [details]

 Distribution

At more than 150 m depth, on mud or muddy sand, near the edge of the continental shelf, off western Ireland [details]

 Distribution

At the edge of the continental shelf in depths of 130 m to 200 m, to the west of Ireland and around Shetland [details]

 Distribution

Common on the lower shore and sublittoral region of the northern coast of British Isles and down to at least 100 m ... [details]

 Distribution

Deeper than 200 m, on stones and gravel. Vars flemingii and norvegicus occur in the western Channel, off western ... [details]

 Distribution

Epifaunal on soft sediments in Carlingford Lough, Irish east coast; otherwise uncertain because of confusion with ... [details]

 Distribution

Found at about 30 m depth, burrowing in sand, near Plymouth and in werstern Ireland, probably overlooked elsewhere [details]

 Distribution

Found in 115 - 120 m depth near the Shetlands and off western Ireland [details]

 Distribution

From 10 to more than 200 m depth, buried in sand or muddy san, around the wstern coats of the British Isles, from ... [details]

 Distribution

From 5 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand or mud, all round the British Isles, except, possibly, the southeast [details]

 Distribution

From 50 to more than 200 m depth, on mud, off western Ireland and western Scotland, including the Minch and the Clyde [details]

 Distribution

From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common on sand, muddy sand and fine gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to nearly 200 m depth, on rock and gravel, on west and southwest coasts of the British Isles, ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to about 50 m depth, on rocks or stones, with a preference for vertical faces; common around ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, mainly on coarse sand and gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, among rocks, stones and seaweed; northern Scotland, Orkeny, Shetland and ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to 50 m depth, typical of the algal zone. British distribution not completely known, but it ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal to more than 200 m depth, on shell or gravel grounds, S. pallidus tends to live within the ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal, down to more than 200 m depth, on rocky and stony shores and offshore rough grounds, Scotland, ... [details]

 Distribution

From low intertidal, but mainly in the sublittoral zone, down to 40 m depth, occasionally deeper, on rocks, stones ... [details]


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