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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776) 
AphiaID: 125080

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiurina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathophiurina (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiuridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiura Forbes, 1843
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiodia ascia Mortensen, 1936
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias filiformis O.F. Müller, 1776 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiocoma filiformis (synonym)
Sources  original description Müller, O.F. (1776). Zoologica Danicae Prodromus seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characters, nomine, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Havniae. XXXII, 274 pp., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13268 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordraadarmige slangster  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrittlestar  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfin mudderslangestjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfin gjørmeslangestjerne  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorslätbukig trådormstjärna  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Adriatic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic Coast of France [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDunkerque [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Italy
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorItaly [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Mediterranean part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFaroe Islands [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHelgoland [details]
Norway
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorway [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (7 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (100 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (1211 nucleotides; 11 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Attribute Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiuroidea) [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology This species is luminescent emitting a blue light. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology The larvae of A. filiformis are found throughout the summer from July to October. A. filiformis belongs to the long-lived species with relatively fast growth in the juvenile stage followed by a much slower growing adult phase. Its life span may be up to 20 years (Mortensen, 1927; Buchanan, 1964; O'Conner et al., 1983; Gage, 1990).

A. filiformis burrows about 5 cm into the substrate. The species must reach a certain size to be able to burrow down into the sediment for it must, using its serpentine arms, keep contact with the sediment surface (O'Conner et al., 1983; Gage, 1990). The arms of the brittle star have three main functions: ventilation and respiration, transport of sediment and waste materials out of the burrow, and collection and transport of food (Ockelmann & Muus, 1978).
A. filiformis is a suspension feeder, collecting mixed micro-plankton, resuspended bottom material and detritus. The animals extend their arms into the surrounding water, filtering part [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution From 5 to more than 200 m depth, in muddy sand or mud, all round the British Isles, except, possibly, the southeast [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution A. filiformis is very abundant in the area of the Oyster Ground, north of the 30 m isobath, with the highest biomass in the western part of the Frisian Front area. The species is not present in the sandy Southern Bight and is scarce at the Dogger Bank.
In the Dutch sector of the North Sea A. filiformis lives in very fine sand with a mean mud content of 11 %. This is in agreement with other investigations, which found high-density populations in muddy deposits (Buchanan, 1964; Woodley,1975; O'Conner et al., 1983; Gage, 1990; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The disk of A. filiformis is covered with scales on the dorsal side only, leaving the ventral side naked. The diameter of disk can be up to 8-10 mm. The long, fine arms are about ten times longer than the diameter of the disk. lts colour is reddish- or greyish-brown (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Picture of Amphiura filiformis
Picture of Amphiura...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125080
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Hansson, Hans
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z  checked  Stöhr, Sabine
  
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  Citation: Stöhr, S. (2014). Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller, 1776). In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125080 on 2014-04-16
  
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