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Ophiuroidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida Forbes, 1839

124913  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124913)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Forbes, E. 1839. On the Asteriadae of the Irish Sea. Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, 8, 1-114. [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Brittle stars consist of a central disc...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Brittle stars consist of a central disc clearly separated from the slender, very agile and very strong arms. Ophiura albida is very similar to Ophiura ophiura and can be distinguished from this species by the absence of pores between the arm plates and by its fewer arm comb papillae. The top is reddish to orange-brown; the bottom side is dirty white. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Ophiura albida was widely...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Ophiura albida was widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea and was only absent in the eastern coastal zone. The species was found in relatively high densities (1976-1986 period: maximum 100 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: maximum 900 ind./m2). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common on sand, muddy sand and fine gravel, all round the British Isles [details]
Stöhr, S.; Hansson, H. (2011). Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2017). World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124913 on 2017-12-17

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-07-18 12:17:12Z
checked
2011-07-13 12:05:25Z
changed

original description Forbes, E. 1839. On the Asteriadae of the Irish Sea. Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, 8, 1-114. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphiura albida var. tuberculosa Mortensen, 1933) Mortensen, T. (1933). Ophiuroidea. The Danish Ingolf Expedition. 4(8), 1-121, pls 1-3.
page(s): 78 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphioglypha albida (Forbes, 1839)) Lyman, T. (1882). Report on the Opiuroidea. Report of the Scientific Results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873-76. Zoology. 5(1), 1-386. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) MWTL biological monitoring network Westerschelde [MWTL biologisch monitoring netwerk Westerschelde] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Brittle stars consist of a central disc clearly separated from the slender, very agile and very strong arms. Ophiura albida is very similar to Ophiura ophiura and can be distinguished from this species by the absence of pores between the arm plates and by its fewer arm comb papillae. The top is reddish to orange-brown; the bottom side is dirty white. [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology O. albida has separate sexes, external fertilization and pelagic larvae. The maximum age is estimated at 3 years. This shortlived species shows a relatively fast-growing strategy. O. albida may be particularly vulnerable to predation. It shows a high reproductive effort, thus maintaining the populations (Wolff, 1973; Fish & Fish, 1989; Gage, 1990). The species moves freely on the sediment (Mortensen, 1927). Small invertebrates, particularly polychaetes, bivalve mollucs and crustaceans, comprise the main food of Ophiura spp. There is evidence that scavenging and surface deposit feeding are also fairly frequent (Wolff, 1973; Warner, 1982; Fish & Fish, 1989). Young stages of trematodes and nematodes can be found in the body cavity of this brittle star (Mortensen, 1927). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBreeding Ophiopluteus larva. Summer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution In both periods Ophiura albida was widely spread across the Belgian part of the North Sea and was only absent in the eastern coastal zone. The species was found in relatively high densities (1976-1986 period: maximum 100 ind./m2; 1994-2001 period: maximum 900 ind./m2). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution From about 10 to more than 200 m depth, common on sand, muddy sand and fine gravel, all round the British Isles [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat O. albida lives in areas with a variety of sand and muddy sand deposits. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Ophiura albida prefers fine to coarse-grained sediments (median grain size 150-650 μm) without any preference for a particular median grain size. The species furthermore prefers sediments with a low to medium mud content (maximum 40%). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology O. albida has a disk with rather coarse scales. The diameter of the disk can be up to 15 mm. The arms are about four times the diameter of the disk. The dorsal and ventral arm plates have a convex outer edge. The mouth shield is small, approximately one-third of the disk radius. In contrast to O. texturata (q.v.) there are no pores present between the lower arm plates. The colour of the dorsal surface usually is reddish-brown, that of the radial shields whitish (Mortensen, 1927; Southward, 1972; Gage, 1990; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date 1838 [details]
 

Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThespesiopsyllus paradoxus (Sars G.O., 1913) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleine slangster  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpent's table brittlestarUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrittlestar  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorophiure blanche  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHeller SchlangensternUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeiner Schlangenstern  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvitflekket slangestjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkvitflekket slangestjerne  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvitfläckig fransormstjärna  [details]

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