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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos Day, 1954 
AphiaID: 324785

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos cygnochaetus Day, 1954 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniidae Hartman, 1942
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos Day, 1954
Sources  original description Day, J.H. (1954). The Polychaeta of Tristan da Cunha. Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938. 29: 1-35.
page(s): 21 [details]

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Direct child
taxa (3)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos bondi Kelaher & Rouse, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos confusus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProscoloplos cygnochaetus Day, 1954
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by Day (1954. 21): ''Prostomium rounded, first two segments without parapodia, branchiae from 8th setiger. Notosetae are laddered capillaries only, neurosetae from 8th setiger also include sharply bent hooks.'' [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Small Orbiniidae with rounded prostomium, lacking obvious eyes. Postchaetal lobes present in both noto- and neuropodia. Branchiae start from chaetiger 6 or posterior. Notochaetae camerate capillaries only. Distinctive ‘‘swan-shaped’’ hooks in neuropodial position, starting from chaetiger 6 or posterior. Camerate capillaries also present in neuropodia. Aciculae absent. Pygidium with four tapered cirri. Nuchal organs and lateral organs present. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The generic name is composed by the name of the genus Scoloplos Blainville, 1828, preceded by the Latin prefix pro-, meaning 'earlier', 'before' or 'prior to', being a prefix of priority in time or position, and presumably refers to the fact that ''this species was [at first] mistaken for a larval or post-larval'' Orbiniidae (Day, 1954: 21).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType designation Type species of Proscoloplos, P. cygnochaetus, fixed by monotypy, not by original designation. The expression ''n.g. et sp.'', as applied by Day (1954: 21) to Proscoloplos cygnochaetus, would be deemed to be an original designation only if it had been applied before 1931, according to ICZN, article 68.2.1.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:324785
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2013-01-12 07:07:54Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2016-03-25 20:10:30Z  changed  Gil, João
  
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  Citation: Gil, J.; Read, G. (2016). Proscoloplos. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2016) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=324785 on 2016-08-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License