WoRMS taxon details

Stylophora mamillata Scheer & Pillai, 1983

206984  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206984)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1983. Report on the stony corals from the Red Sea. Zoologica, Stuttgart 45 (133): 1-198, pls. 1-41. [details]   
Description This is the only encrusting species of Stylophora known. Colonies reach a maximum diameter of about 25 cm, and mostly have...  
Description This is the only encrusting species of Stylophora known. Colonies reach a maximum diameter of about 25 cm, and mostly have a height of no more than about 2 - 3 cm. Colonies commonly support "nodes" which have the appearance of being incipient branches, though these projections usually remain domes of no more than 1 cm tall. On only two colonies of several hundred seen, have these grown into small, true branches. Calices are very similar to other species of the genus, and small, well developed calical hoods also exist, as in Stylophora pistillata. Each hood is usually located above its calice and slopes down over it, and appears to assist in passive sediment rejection. Because of these hoods and the encrusting morphology, this species is probably commonly mistaken for Stylocoeniella which occupies a similar habitat; however, the coenchymal projections are true hoods rather than spines, and their regular alignment makes the surface is much smoother than in Stylocoeniella. A Red Sea endemic, where it is common in the northern and central parts. The species prefers parts of reef slopes between 30 to 40 m deep, especially in clear water. It is not usually conspicuous, preferring crevices and other shaded parts. It may be seen immediately alongside Stylophora pistillata which in these habitats adopts an increasingly slender, branched morphology (Sheppard, 1998). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Stylophora mamillata Scheer & Pillai, 1983. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206984 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
1997-10-30 10:47:35Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed

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original description Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1983. Report on the stony corals from the Red Sea. Zoologica, Stuttgart 45 (133): 1-198, pls. 1-41. [details]   

basis of record Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This is the only encrusting species of Stylophora known. Colonies reach a maximum diameter of about 25 cm, and mostly have a height of no more than about 2 - 3 cm. Colonies commonly support "nodes" which have the appearance of being incipient branches, though these projections usually remain domes of no more than 1 cm tall. On only two colonies of several hundred seen, have these grown into small, true branches. Calices are very similar to other species of the genus, and small, well developed calical hoods also exist, as in Stylophora pistillata. Each hood is usually located above its calice and slopes down over it, and appears to assist in passive sediment rejection. Because of these hoods and the encrusting morphology, this species is probably commonly mistaken for Stylocoeniella which occupies a similar habitat; however, the coenchymal projections are true hoods rather than spines, and their regular alignment makes the surface is much smoother than in Stylocoeniella. A Red Sea endemic, where it is common in the northern and central parts. The species prefers parts of reef slopes between 30 to 40 m deep, especially in clear water. It is not usually conspicuous, preferring crevices and other shaded parts. It may be seen immediately alongside Stylophora pistillata which in these habitats adopts an increasingly slender, branched morphology (Sheppard, 1998). [details]

Spelling Spelled S. mammillata in Vine (1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English hood coral  [details]