WoRMS taxon details

Litophyton Forskål, 1775

204523  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204523)

accepted
Genus
Species Litophyton acuticonicum (Verseveldt, 1974)
Species Litophyton acutum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton amentaceum (Studer, 1894)
Species Litophyton arboreum Forskål, 1775
Species Litophyton bayeri (Verseveldt, 1966)
Species Litophyton berdfordi (Shann, 1912)
Species Litophyton brachiatum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton brassicum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton brewerensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton bumastum (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Litophyton burfordensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton capnelliformis (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton carnatum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton carnosum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton chabrolii (Andouin, 1828)
Species Litophyton cockburnensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton columnaris (Studer, 1895)
Species Litophyton compactum (Verseveldt, 1966)
Species Litophyton concinnum (Kükenthal, 1905)
Species Litophyton corallinum (Kükenthal, 1910)
Species Litophyton crassum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton cupressiformis (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton curvum van Ofwegen, 2016
Species Litophyton darleyensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton daviesensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton debilis (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton digitatum (Wright & Studer, 1889)
Species Litophyton dipensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton elfordensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton elongatum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton erectum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton erinaceum Kükenthal, 1905
Species Litophyton filamentosum (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Litophyton folium Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton formosanum Kükenthal, 1903
Species Litophyton fusum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton globulosum (May, 1899)
Species Litophyton graafae Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton gracillimum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton grandis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton griseum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton horseshoeensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton juniperum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton laevis (Kükenthal, 1913)
Species Litophyton lanternarium (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Litophyton legiopolypum (Verseveldt & Alderslade, 1982)
Species Litophyton lighti Roxas, 1933
Species Litophyton maldivensis (Hickson, 1905)
Species Litophyton mollis (Macfadyen, 1936)
Species Litophyton myrmidonensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton nigrum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton obtusum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton orientale Roxas, 1933
Species Litophyton oxleyensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton pacificum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton pandoraensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton projectum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton pseudorowleyensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton pyramidalis (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Litophyton ramosum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Litophyton rigidum Light, 1915
Species Litophyton rowleyensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton sanctuaryensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton savignyi (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Litophyton setoensis (Utinomi, 1954)
Species Litophyton sibogae (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton simplex Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton simulatum (Verseveldt, 1970)
Species Litophyton snakeensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton sphaerophorum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton spinulosum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton squamatum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton striatum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton swainensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton tenuis (Kükenthal, 1896)
Species Litophyton territoryensis Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton thujarium (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton tongaensis (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Litophyton verrucosum Ofwegen, 2020
Species Litophyton viridis (May, 1899)
Species Litophyton viscidum Utinomi, 1954

Species Litophyton acutifolium Kükenthal, 1913 accepted as Litophyton viridis (May, 1899) (synonym)
Species Litophyton albida (Holm, 1894) accepted as Litophyton savignyi (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Litophyton arvispiculosa (Thomson & Dean, 1931) accepted as Litophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (misspelling)
Species Litophyton cervispiculosa (Thomson & Dean, 1931) accepted as Litophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Litophyton crosslandi Thomson & McQueen, 1908 accepted as Litophyton viridis (May, 1899) (synonym)
Species Litophyton fulvum Forskål, 1775 accepted as Sympodium fulvum (Forskal, 1775) accepted as Alcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Parerythropodium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Rhytisma fulvum (Forskål, 1775) (synonym)
Species Litophyton graeffei (Kükenthal, 1896) accepted as Umbellulifera graeffei (Kükenthal, 1896) (changed combination)
Species Litophyton liltvedi Verseveldt & Williams, 1988 accepted as Gersemia liltvedi (Verseveldt & Williams, 1988)
Species Litophyton rubrum (Kükenthal, 1910) accepted as Chromonephthea rubra (Kükenthal, 1910) (synonym)
Species Litophyton sanderi (May, 1899) accepted as Litophyton viridis (May, 1899)
Species Litophyton stuhlmanni (May, 1898) accepted as Litophyton viridis (May, 1899)
marine
Not documented
Cordeiro, R.; McFadden, C.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2020). World List of Octocorallia. Litophyton Forskål, 1775. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204523 on 2020-06-02
Date
action
by
1998-11-13 11:41:50Z
created
2010-09-15 12:49:54Z
changed
2013-10-18 12:39:18Z
changed
2016-04-22 09:18:44Z
changed

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taxonomy source Ofwegen, L. van. (2016). The genus Litophyton Forskål, 1775 (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea, Nephtheidae) in the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 567: 1-128., available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.567.7212 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Nephtheids with bushy and arborescent colonies. Polyps clustered at the end of the terminal branches, forming catkins. Polyps non-retractile, without or with supporting bundle, sometimes completely unarmed. Sclerites of surface layer of branches, stem and stalk are spindles and unilateral spinose spindles, the colony stalk also contains capstans and derivatives of capstans. Interior of the stalk has sparsely tuberculated spindles. Colonies zooxantellate [details]

Spelling Because of the synonymy of Nephthea with Litophyton, for many species a spelling emendation needed to be made to comply with ICZN Art. 31.2 in relation to gender agreement between generic and species names. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ヤナギトサカ属チヂミトサカ属 [from synonym]  [details]
Litophyton arboreum Broccoli coral1 DMS
 Litophyton arboreum...
[image from typetaxon]

Litophyton arboreum Broccoli coral1 DMS
 Litophyton arboreum...
[image from typetaxon]

Litophyton arboreum Broccoli coral3 DMS
 Litophyton arboreum...
[image from typetaxon]