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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton Forskål, 1775 
AphiaID: 204523

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOctocorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonacea (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyoniina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtheidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton arboreum Forskål, 1775 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtheidae Gray, 1862
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton Forskål, 1775
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthea Audouin, 1828
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthya Ehrenberg, 1834 (spelling variation)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtya Van Beneden, 1867 (spelling variation)
Sources  basis of record Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 46:351-401. [details]

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Direct child
taxa (62)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton acuticonicum (Verseveldt, 1974)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton amentaceum (Studer, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton arboreum Forskål, 1775
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton bayeri (Verseveldt, 1966)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton berdfordi (Shann, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton brassicum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton bumastum (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton capnelliformis (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton carnosum (Kükenthal)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton chabrolii (Andouin, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton columnaris (Studer, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton compactum (Verseveldt, 1966)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton concinnum (Kükenthal, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton corallinum (Kükenthal, 1910)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton crassum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton cupressiformis (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton curvum van Ofwegen, 2016
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton debilis (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton digitatum (Wright & Studer, 1889)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton elongatum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton erectum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton erinaceum Kükenthal
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton filamentosum (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton formosanum Kükenthal, 1903
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton fulvum Forskål, 1775
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton globulosum (May, 1899)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton gracillimum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton graeffei (Kükenthal, 1896)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton griseum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton juniperum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton laevis (Kükenthal, 1913)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton lanternarium (Verseveldt, 1973)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton legiopolypum (Verseveldt & Alderslade, 1982)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton lighti Roxas, 1933
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton liltvedi Verseveldt & Williams, 1988
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton maldivensis (Hickson, 1905)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton mollis (Macfadyan, 1936)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton nigrum (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton orientale Roxas, 1933
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton pacificum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton pyramidalis (Kükenthal, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton ramosum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton rigidum Light
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton rubrum (Kükenthal, 1910)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton savignyi (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton setoensis (Utinomi, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton sibogae (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton simulatum (Verseveldt, 1970)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton sphaerophorum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton striatum (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton tenuis (Kükenthal, 1896)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton thujarium (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton tongaensis (Kükenthal, 1903)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton viridis (May, 1898)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton acutifolium Kükenthal, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton viridis (May, 1898)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton albida (Holm, 1894) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton savignyi (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton arvispiculosa (Thomson & Dean, 1931) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton cervispiculosa (Thomson & Dean, 1931) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton cervispiculosum (Thomson & Dean, 1931)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton crosslandi Thomson & Mcqueen, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton viridis (May, 1898)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton sanderi (May, 1899) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton viridis (May, 1898)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton stuhlmanni (May, 1898) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitophyton viridis (May, 1898)
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Nephtheids with bushy and arborescent colonies. Polyps clustered at the end of the terminal branches, forming catkins. Polyps non-retractile, without or with supporting bundle, sometimes completely unarmed. Sclerites of surface layer of branches, stem and stalk are spindles and unilateral spinose spindles, the colony stalk also contains capstans and derivatives of capstans. Interior of the stalk has sparsely tuberculated spindles. Colonies zooxantellate [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Because of the synonymy of Nephthea with Litophyton, for many species a spelling emendation needed to be made to comply with ICZN Art. 31.2 in relation to gender agreement between generic and species names. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204523
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1998-11-13 11:41:50Z  created  Fondo, Esther
2010-09-15 12:49:54Z  changed  van Ofwegen, Leen
2013-10-18 12:39:18Z  changed  van Ofwegen, Leen
2016-04-22 09:18:44Z  changed  van Ofwegen, Leen
  
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  Citation: van Ofwegen, L. (2016). Litophyton. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204523 on 2016-09-26
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License