WoRMS taxon details

Helix Linnaeus, 1758

153970  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:153970)

accepted
Genus
Species Helix albescens Rossmässler, 1839
Species Helix asemnis Bourguignat, 1860
Species Helix borealis Mousson, 1859
Species Helix calabrica Westerlund, 1876
Species Helix caperata Montagu, 1803
Species Helix cincta O. F. Müller, 1774
Species Helix dormitoris Kobelt, 1898
Species Helix fathallae Nägele, 1901
Species Helix figulina Rossmässler, 1839
Species Helix gussoneana L. Pfeiffer, 1848
Species Helix ligata O. F. Müller, 1774
Species Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Helix lutescens Rossmässler, 1837
Species Helix melanostoma Draparnaud, 1801
Species Helix mileti Kobelt, 1906
Species Helix nucula Mousson, 1854
Species Helix pelagonesica (Rolle, 1898)
Species Helix philibinensis Rossmässler, 1839
Species Helix pomacella Mousson, 1854
Species Helix pomatella Kobelt, 1876
Species Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758
Species Helix pronuba Westerlund & Blanc, 1879
Species Helix schlaeflii Mousson, 1859
Species Helix secernenda Rossmässler, 1837
Species Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
Species Helix sublutescens Wenz in Krejci & Wenz, 1926 †
Species Helix thessalica O. Boettger, 1886
Species Helix valentini Kobelt, 1891
Species Helix vladica (Kobelt, 1898)

Species Helix gjalskii Brusina, 1902 † (nomen dubium)
Species Helix oddoi Brusina, 1902 † (nomen dubium)
Species Helix pilari Brusina, 1902 † (nomen dubium)
Species Helix unispiralis Montagu, 1803 (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Helix (Helix) Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Helix Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Helix (Helix) albescens Rossmässler, 1839 represented as Helix albescens Rossmässler, 1839
  » Species Helix (Helix) asemnis Bourguignat, 1860 represented as Helix asemnis Bourguignat, 1860
  » Species Helix (Helix) borealis Mousson, 1859 represented as Helix borealis Mousson, 1859
  » Species Helix (Helix) calabrica Westerlund, 1876 represented as Helix calabrica Westerlund, 1876
  » Species Helix (Helix) cincta O. F. Müller, 1774 represented as Helix cincta O. F. Müller, 1774
  » Species Helix (Helix) dormitoris Kobelt, 1898 represented as Helix dormitoris Kobelt, 1898
  » Species Helix (Helix) fathallae Nägele, 1901 represented as Helix fathallae Nägele, 1901
  » Species Helix (Helix) gussoneana L. Pfeiffer, 1848 represented as Helix gussoneana L. Pfeiffer, 1848
  » Species Helix (Helix) ligata O. F. Müller, 1774 represented as Helix ligata O. F. Müller, 1774
  » Species Helix (Helix) lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Helix (Helix) lutescens Rossmässler, 1837 represented as Helix lutescens Rossmässler, 1837
  » Species Helix (Helix) melanostoma Draparnaud, 1801 represented as Helix melanostoma Draparnaud, 1801
  » Species Helix (Helix) mileti Kobelt, 1906 represented as Helix mileti Kobelt, 1906
  » Species Helix (Helix) pelagonesica (Rolle, 1898) represented as Helix pelagonesica (Rolle, 1898)
  » Species Helix (Helix) philibinensis Rossmässler, 1839 represented as Helix philibinensis Rossmässler, 1839
  » Species Helix (Helix) pomacella Mousson, 1854 represented as Helix pomacella Mousson, 1854
  » Species Helix (Helix) pomatella Kobelt, 1876 represented as Helix pomatella Kobelt, 1876
  » Species Helix (Helix) pomatia Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Helix (Helix) pronuba Westerlund & Blanc, 1879 represented as Helix pronuba Westerlund & Blanc, 1879
  » Species Helix (Helix) schlaeflii Mousson, 1859 represented as Helix schlaeflii Mousson, 1859
  » Species Helix (Helix) secernenda Rossmässler, 1837 represented as Helix secernenda Rossmässler, 1837
  » Species Helix (Helix) straminea Briganti, 1825 represented as Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
  » Species Helix (Helix) sublutescens Wenz in Krejci & Wenz, 1926 † represented as Helix sublutescens Wenz in Krejci & Wenz, 1926 †
  » Species Helix (Helix) thessalica O. Boettger, 1886 represented as Helix thessalica O. Boettger, 1886
  » Species Helix (Helix) valentini Kobelt, 1891 represented as Helix valentini Kobelt, 1891
  » Species Helix (Helix) vladica (Kobelt, 1898) represented as Helix vladica (Kobelt, 1898)
  » Species Helix (Helix) krejcii Wenz in Krejci & Wenz, 1926 † accepted as Cepaea krejcii (Wenz in Krejci & Wenz, 1926) † (new combination)
Subgenus Helix (Pelasga) P. Hesse, 1908 represented as Helix Linnaeus, 1758

Subgenus Helix (Acanthinula) H. Beck, 1847 accepted as Acanthinula H. Beck, 1847
Subgenus Helix (Aerope) E. von Martens, 1890 accepted as Natalina Pilsbry, 1893
Subgenus Helix (Buliminopsis) Heude, 1890 accepted as Buliminopsis Heude, 1890 accepted as Pseudobuliminus Gredler, 1886 (unaccepted rank)
Subgenus Helix (Camaena) Albers, 1850 accepted as Camaena Albers, 1850 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Camena) E. von Martens, 1860 accepted as Camaena Albers, 1850 (invalid: unjustified emendation of Camaena)
Subgenus Helix (Chloritis) Beck, 1837 accepted as Chloritis H. Beck, 1837
Subgenus Helix (Cochlitoma) Férussac, 1821 accepted as Cochlitoma A. Férussac, 1821 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Cochlogena) Férussac, 1821 accepted as Bulimulus Leach, 1814
Subgenus Helix (Conulus) Fitzinger, 1833 accepted as Euconulus Reinhardt, 1883 (Invalid: junior homonym of Conulus Leske, 1778 [Echinodermata])
Subgenus Helix (Coryda) Albers, 1850 accepted as Coryda Albers, 1850 (considered a separate genus)
Subgenus Helix (Craspedaria) R. T. Lowe, 1852 accepted as Craspedaria R. T. Lowe, 1852 (original combination)
Subgenus Helix (Crenea) Albers, 1850 accepted as Creneatachea Zilch, 1960 † (junior homonym of Crenea Risso, 1826)
Subgenus Helix (Dorcasia) Gray, 1838 accepted as Dorcasia Gray, 1838
Subgenus Helix (Fruticicola) Held, 1838 accepted as Fruticicola Held, 1838 (considered a separate genus)
  » Species Helix (Fruticicola) apicalis Reuss, 1861 † accepted as Leucochroopsis apicalis (Reuss, 1861) † (new combination)
  » Species Helix (Fruticicola) devexa Reuss, 1861 accepted as Apula devexa (Reuss, 1861) † (new combination)
  » Species Helix (Fruticicola) goniostoma Sandberger, 1872 † accepted as Klikia (Apula) goniostoma (Sandberger, 1872) † accepted as Apula goniostoma (Sandberger, 1872) † (new combination)
  » Species Helix (Fruticicola) homalospira Reuss, 1861 † accepted as Pseudomonacha homalospira (Reuss, 1861) † (new combination)
  » Species Helix (Fruticicola) subvillosa Sandberger, 1858 † accepted as Leucochroopsis (Palaeotrichia) subvillosa (Sandberger, 1858) † represented as Leucochroopsis subvillosa (Sandberger, 1858) † (new combination)
Subgenus Helix (Galactochilus) F. Sandberger, 1875 accepted as Polydontes (Galactochilus) F. Sandberger, 1875 represented as Polydontes Montfort, 1810 (basionym)
Subgenus Helix (Galaxias) Beck, 1837 accepted as Trigonephrus Pilsbry, 1905 (invalid: junior homonym of Galaxias Cuvier, 1816)
Subgenus Helix (Geotrochus) van Hasselt, 1823 accepted as Geotrochus van Hasselt, 1823
Subgenus Helix (Gonostoma) Held, 1838 accepted as Helicodonta A. Férussac, 1821 (invalid: junior homonym of Gonostoma Rafinesque, 1810)
Subgenus Helix (Hadra) accepted as Hadra E. von Martens, 1860
Subgenus Helix (Helicella) Gray, 1847 accepted as Helicella A. Férussac, 1821
Subgenus Helix (Helicigona) Férussac, 1821 accepted as Helicigona A. Férussac, 1821
Subgenus Helix (Helicophanta) A. Férussac, 1821 accepted as Helicophanta A. Férussac, 1821
Subgenus Helix (Hyalina) S. Studer, 1820 accepted as Vitrina Draparnaud, 1801 (junior objective synonym)
Subgenus Helix (Iberus) Montfort, 1810 accepted as Iberus Montfort, 1810
Subgenus Helix (Levantina) Kobelt, 1871 accepted as Levantina Kobelt, 1871
Subgenus Helix (Macrocyclis) Beck, 1837 accepted as Macrocyclis H. Beck, 1837
Subgenus Helix (Macularia) Albers, 1850 accepted as Macularia Albers, 1850
Subgenus Helix (Parachloraea) Sandberger, 1873 † accepted as Parachloraea Sandberger, 1873 † (considered a separate genus)
  » Species Helix (Parachloraea) arneggensis Miller, 1907 † accepted as Parachloraea arneggensis (Miller, 1907) † (Parachloraea is considered a separate genus)
Subgenus Helix (Patula) Held, 1837 accepted as Discus Fitzinger, 1833
Subgenus Helix (Phania) E. von Martens, 1860 accepted as Pyrochilus Pilsbry, 1893
Subgenus Helix (Plectopylis) Benson, 1860 accepted as Plectopylis Benson, 1860 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Poecilostola) Ancey, 1886 accepted as Epiphragmophora (Pilsbrya) Ancey, 1887 represented as Epiphragmophora Doering, 1875 (invalid: junior homonym of Poecilostola Schiner, 1863 [Diptera]; Pilsbrya is a replacement name)
Subgenus Helix (Pseudotachea) C.R. Boettger, 1909 † accepted as Pseudotachea C.R. Boettger, 1909
Subgenus Helix (Rhagada) accepted as Rhagada Albers, 1860
Subgenus Helix (Satsuma) A. Adams, 1868 accepted as Satsuma A. Adams, 1868 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Sesara) Albers, 1860 accepted as Sesara Albers, 1860 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Systenostoma) Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Systenostoma Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Tonkinospira Jochum, Slapnik & Páll-Gergely, 2014 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Tachea) W. Turton, 1831 accepted as Cepaea Held, 1838 (Invalid: junior homonym of Tachea Fleming, 1822 [Aves])
Subgenus Helix (Trachia) accepted as Trachia E. von Martens, 1860
Subgenus Helix (Trigonostoma) Fitzinger, 1833 accepted as Helicodonta A. Férussac, 1821 (Invalid: Junior homonym of Trigonostoma Blainville, 1825 [Cancellariidae]; also a junior objective synonym of Helicodonta)
Subgenus Helix (Trochomorpha) Albers, 1850 accepted as Trochomorpha Albers, 1850 (original rank)
Subgenus Helix (Vallonia) Risso, 1826 accepted as Vallonia Risso, 1826
Subgenus Helix (Xanthomelon) Martens, 1860 accepted as Xanthomelon E. von Martens, 1860
Subgenus Helix (Zonites) Montfort, 1810 accepted as Zonites Montfort, 1810 (considered a separate genus)
Species Helix achates Rossmässler, 1835 accepted as Chilostoma achates (Rossmässler, 1835) (original combination)
Species Helix acuta Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Lucerna lamarckii (Férussac, 1821) (invalid: junior homonym of Helix acuta O.F. Müller, 1774)
Species Helix adolfi L. Pfeiffer, 1854 accepted as Xerosecta adolfi (L. Pfeiffer, 1854) (original combination)
Species Helix aecouria Letourneux & Bourguignat, 1887 accepted as Massylaea vermiculata (O. F. Müller, 1774) (junior synonym)
Species Helix aemula L. Pfeiffer, 1852 accepted as Kosicia ambrosi (Strobel, 1852) (junior synonym)
Species Helix afra Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Pedipes pedipes (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Helix algiroides Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † accepted as Miozonites algiroides (Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849) † (new combination)
Species Helix alloiodes Thomä, 1845 † accepted as Palaeotachea alloiodes (Thomä, 1845) † (new combination)
Species Helix alpha L. Pfeiffer, 1853 accepted as Aeschrodomus stipulatus (Reeve, 1852)
Species Helix alveus Sandberger, 1875 † accepted as Agalactochilus inflexus (Zieten, 1832) † (new combination)
Species Helix amarula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Thiara amarula (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Helix ambigua Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Fossarus ambiguus (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Helix ampullacea Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Pila ampullacea (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Helix andersoni W. Blanford, 1869 accepted as Hunyadiscus andersoni (W. Blanford, 1869) (original combination)
Species Helix angistoma Férussac, 1821 accepted as Caracolus carinatus (Röding, 1798)
Species Helix antialba Petterd, 1879 accepted as Geminoropa antialba (Petterd, 1879)
Species Helix aorangi Suter, 1890 accepted as Huonodon microundulatum (Suter, 1890)
Species Helix apiculus L. Pfeiffer, 1849 accepted as Trochoidea cumiae (Calcara, 1847) (junior synonym)
Species Helix aranea L. Pfeiffer, 1871 accepted as Gittenbergia sororcula (Benoit, 1859) (junior synonym)
Species Helix arcadica L. Pfeiffer, 1853 accepted as Thiessea arcadica (L. Pfeiffer, 1853) (original combination)
Species Helix argilacea Férussac, 1821 accepted as Parachloritis argilacea (Férussac, 1821)
Species Helix arnoldii Thomä, 1845 † accepted as Tropidomphalus arnoldii (Thomä, 1845) † (new combination)
Species Helix auricularia Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Radix auricularia (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Helix aurismalchi O. F. Müller, 1774 accepted as Placostylus fibratus (Martyn, 1784) (name suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1662)
Species Helix australis Férussac, 1821 accepted as Austrosuccinea australis (Férussac, 1821) (original combination)
Species Helix balcanica L. Pfeiffer, 1853 accepted as Cattania balcanica (L. Pfeiffer, 1853) (original combination)
Species Helix barbatula Reeve, 1852 accepted as Pulchridomus barbatulus (Reeve, 1852)
Species Helix barrakporensis L. Pfeiffer, 1852 accepted as Kaliella barrakporensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1852) (original combination)
Species Helix bascauda Benson, 1859 accepted as Rahula bascauda (Benson, 1859) (original combination)
Species Helix bathyomphala L. Pfeiffer, 1848 accepted as Candidula spadae (Calcara, 1845) (junior synonym)
Species Helix beaumontii Matheron, 1842 † accepted as Megalotachea beaumontii (Matheron, 1842) † (new combination)
Species Helix bennetti Brazier, 1872 accepted as Pallidelix bennetti (Brazier, 1872) (original combination)
Species Helix bernardii Michaud, 1862 † accepted as Protodrepanostoma bernardii (Michaud, 1862) † (new combination)
Species Helix biconcava L. Pfeiffer, 1853 accepted as Cavellia biconcava (Reeve, 1852)
Species Helix boghariensis Debeaux, 1857 accepted as Massylaea constantina (E. Forbes, 1838) (junior synonym)
Species Helix bonduelliana Bourguignat, 1863 accepted as Massylaea vermiculata (O. F. Müller, 1774) (junior synonym)
Species Helix botterii L. Pfeiffer, 1853 accepted as Vitrea botterii (L. Pfeiffer, 1853) (original combination)
Species Helix braunii Thomä, 1845 † accepted as Galactochiloides braunii (Thomä, 1845) † (new combination)
Species Helix brazieri Cox, 1868 accepted as Allocharopa brazieri (Cox, 1868)
Species Helix brunonis Kobelt, 1894 accepted as Pyrochilus brunonis (Kobelt, 1894) (original combination)
Species Helix busbyi Gray, 1850 accepted as Paryphanta busbyi (Gray, 1850)
Species Helix cabriti Gassies, 1863 accepted as Diplomphalus cabriti (Gassies, 1863) (original combination)
Species Helix caenotera Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892 accepted as Nata vernicosa (Krauss, 1848)
Species Helix caerulescens Gmelin, 1791 † accepted as Hydrobia caerulescens (Gmelin, 1791) † (new combination)
Species Helix cafra A. Férussac, 1821 accepted as Natalina cafra (A. Férussac, 1821) (new combination)
Species Helix calcarea L. Pfeiffer, 1849 accepted as Theba pisana pisana (O. F. Müller, 1774) (junior synonym)
Species Helix calculosa Gould, 1852 accepted as Kaliella calculosa (Gould, 1852) (original combination)
Species Helix cambojiensis Reeve, 1860 accepted as Bertia cambojiensis (Reeve, 1860) (original combination)
Species Helix campesina L. Pfeiffer, 1846 accepted as Iberus campesinus (L. Pfeiffer, 1846) (original combination)
Species Helix candicans L. Pfeiffer, 1841 accepted as Xerolenta obvia obvia (Menke, 1828) (junior synonym)
Species Helix candiota L. Pfeiffer, 1849 accepted as Xeromunda candiota (L. Pfeiffer, 1849) (original combination)
Species Helix candisata L. Pfeiffer, 1846 accepted as Caseolus abjectus candisatus (L. Pfeiffer, 1846) (original combination)
Species Helix caputspinulae Reeve, 1852 accepted as Paralaoma servilis (Shuttleworth, 1852)
Species Helix carinatissima Sacco, 1886 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix carinulata Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix carocolla Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix carteriensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 (unaccepted)
Species Helix cartusiana O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cavernula Hombron & Jacquinot, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cellaria O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted)
Species Helix cerina Morelet, 1877 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix chaixi Michaud, 1855 † (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling; new combination)
Species Helix chaixii Michaud, 1855 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix chamaeleon L. Pfeiffer, 1868 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix chytrophora Mabille, 1887 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cicatricosa O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cinctella Draparnaud, 1801 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cingulata (Studer, 1820) (unaccepted)
Species Helix circumlineata L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cirtae Terver, 1839 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix citrinula L. Pfeiffer, 1859 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix coarctata Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix collingii E. A. Smith, 1893 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix colona Martens, 1877 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix complanata Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix conicoides Metcalfe, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix conoidea Draparnaud, 1801 (unaccepted)
Species Helix constantina E. Forbes, 1838 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix constantinae Bourguignat, 1863 (unaccepted, unjustified emendation)
Species Helix constrictelabiata Miller, 1907 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix contermina L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix contorta Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix contrarius O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix conus L. Pfeiffer, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix coquandiana Matheron, 1842 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix corallina Chemnitz, 1795 (unaccepted)
Species Helix coriacea Pallas, 1788 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cornea Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix corniculum Reeve, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix cornuarietis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cornumilitare Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix corrugata L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix corvus Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix corys Benson, 1859 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix crassa L. Pfeiffer, 1850 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix crassa da Costa, 1778; Codringtonia neocrassa is a replacement name)
Species Helix crassilabris L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix crenata Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix crypta L. Pfeiffer, 1868 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix cyclostomoides Pfeiffer, 1840 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix cyparissias L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix cypria L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix daedalea Gould, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Helix daghestana Kobelt, 1877 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix decussata Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix denatale L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix dentata W. Wood, 1828 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix denudata Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix depressa Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix destituta L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix dimorpha Pfeiffer, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix diodontina Heude, 1885 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix dissimilis d'Orbigny, 1835 (unaccepted)
Species Helix distincta L. Pfeiffer, 1850 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix doliolum L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix drepanensis L. Pfeiffer, 1857 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix dumeticola Benson, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix dunniae Gray, 1840 (unaccepted)
Species Helix durieui L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix durvillii Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix dyeri Petterd, 1879 (unaccepted)
Species Helix eburnea Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824 (unaccepted)
Species Helix edwardsi Cox, 1868 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix edwardsi Bland, 1858; H. meadei is a replacement name)
Species Helix egesta Gray, 1850 (unaccepted)
Species Helix ehingensis Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix elderi Bednall, 1892 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix elegans Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix eugenia L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix euglypha Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix eumacta (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix eutropis L. Pfeiffer, 1861 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix eversa Deshayes in Férussac & Deshayes, 1851 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix faba Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix fasciata J. Adams, 1800 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix fasciolata Spix in Wagner, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Helix fatua sensu Hutton, 1882 not Pfeiffer, 1857 (unaccepted)
Species Helix filicina L. Pfeiffer, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix flavocincta Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1829 (unaccepted)
Species Helix fleurati Bourguignat, 1868 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix folliculum Schröter, 1784 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix fossaria Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted)
Species Helix fragilis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix fruticum O.F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix fulgidus J. Adams, 1797 (unaccepted)
Species Helix fulica Férussac, 1821 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix funebris Morelet, 1877 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix gaspardiana Paladilhe, 1873 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix giengensis Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix gigantea Scopoli, 1786 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix glabrata Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824 (unaccepted)
Species Helix glauca Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix globulus O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix glockeri Quenstedt, 1884 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix godarti Michaud, 1855 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix goldfussii Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix graellsiana L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix greenhilli Cox, 1866 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix greenwoodi Gray, 1850 (unaccepted)
Species Helix grenvillei Brazier, 1876 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix guiraoana L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix gyroides L. Pfeiffer, 1871 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix haliotoidea Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hectori Suter, 1890 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix heldreichi L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hepatizon Gould, 1845 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hermanni L. Pfeiffer, 1866 (unaccepted)
Species Helix hispida Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hispidula Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix hochstetteri L. Pfeiffer, 1862 (unaccepted)
Species Helix hookeri Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hortulana Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix howeinsulae Cox, 1873 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix hubbardi A.D. Brown, 1861 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix hueensis Wattebled, 1886 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix huttoni L. Pfeiffer, 1842 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix ide Gray, 1850 (unaccepted)
Species Helix illyrica Stabile, 1864 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix incrassata Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix infecta Reeve, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix inflata Kobelt, 1876 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix inflexa Zieten, 1832 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix infrendens Gould, 1843 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix insignis Zieten, 1832 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix intusplicata L. Pfeiffer, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix involuta Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix isilensis L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix jacksoniensis Gray, 1834 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix jacquinoti L. Pfeiffer, 1849 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix jannellei Le Guillou, 1842 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix janthina Forsskål, 1775 (unaccepted, junior synonym and homonym)
Species Helix janthina Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix japonica L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix johnii Holten, 1802 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix joossii Miller, 1907 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix jourdani Michaud, 1862 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix jungermanniae Petterd, 1879 (unaccepted)
Species Helix kermadecensis E. A. Smith, 1873 (unaccepted)
Species Helix kermadeci L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Helix kleciachi L. Pfeiffer, 1871 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix kleinii Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix knysnaensis L. Pfeiffer, 1903 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix kollari L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix kraussi L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Helix labiosa Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix labuanensis L. Pfeiffer, 1863 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lacertarum Bourguignat, 1863 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lacuna Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix lacunosus d'Orbigny, 1835 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix laeva O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix laevigata Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, dubious synonym)
Species Helix lamarckii Férussac, 1821 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Helix lampas O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix laomontana L. Pfeiffer, 1852 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lapicidella Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix lapicidites Boubée, 1831 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix lapidaria Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix latastei Letourneux in Letourneux & Bourguignat, 1887 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix latasteopsis Letourneux & Bourguignat, 1887 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix ledereri L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix leiophis Benson, 1860 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix leoberdorfensis Troll, 1907 † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lepida Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix leptoloma A. Braun in Walchner, 1851 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix levicula Benson, 1859 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix leymerieana Noulet, 1854 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix liparoxantha Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892 (unaccepted)
Species Helix lisbonensis L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix littorina Delle Chiaje, 1828 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix liturata L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lubrica O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted)
Species Helix ludovici Noulet, 1854 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix lusitanica L. Pfeiffer, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix lyndi Angas, 1872 (unaccepted)
Species Helix Mac andrewiana L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix macrocheila Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix macropleuris Benson, 1859 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix magnilabiata Sacco, 1884 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix maguntina Deshayes, 1832 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix malziana L. Pfeiffer, 1861 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix margarita Montagu, 1808 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix mariei Crosse, 1867 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix marmorella L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix massylaea Morelet, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix mathiusii d'Orbigny, 1835 (unaccepted)
Species Helix mattiaca Steininger, 1835 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix megei Lambert, 1873 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix mendax Martens, 1864 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix mespillum Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Helix microundulata Suter, 1890 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix miguelinus L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix modesta L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, homonym)
Species Helix montrouzieri Souverbie, 1858 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix moroguesi Brongniart, 1810 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix mortilleti L. Pfeiffer, 1859 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix mouhoti Reeve, 1860 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix mouhoti L. Pfeiffer, 1860; Helix cambojiensis is a replacement name)
Species Helix mucronata Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix nana A. Braun in Walchner, 1851 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix narzanensis Krynicki, 1836 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix navariensis L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix nayliesi Michaud, 1855 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix nemoralis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix nemoralites Boubée, 1831 † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix neritina Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
Species Helix neritoidea Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix neritoidea Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, dubious synonym)
Species Helix neumayri Brusina, 1878 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix nigrilabris Martens, 1869 (unaccepted)
Species Helix nitefacta Bourguignat in Péchaud, 1883 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix nitida O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted)
Species Helix noverca L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix nucleus Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix nutans Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824 (unaccepted)
Species Helix obeliscus Moricand, 1834 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix obvoluta O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix oculuscommunis Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
Species Helix oglei Godwin-Austen, 1879 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix olympica Roth, 1855 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix orbicula Hutton, 1838 (unaccepted, homonym)
Species Helix orbicularis Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix osculum Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix otis W. Turton, 1819 (unaccepted, non Lightfoot, 1786)
Species Helix oxystoma Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix pachystoma Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, junior homonym of H. pachystoma Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841; junior synonym)
Species Helix pachystyla L. Pfeiffer, 1845 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pachystyloides Cox, 1868 (unaccepted)
Species Helix paeteliana L. Pfeiffer, 1859 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix paradoxa Born, 1778 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix parreyssi L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix parva L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix parvidens Pease, 1861 (unaccepted)
Species Helix patagonica d'Orbigny, 1835 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pellisserpentis Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix perrotteti Petit de la Saussaye, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix perspicua Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix perversa Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix petersi Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix petraea Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Helix petronella L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix phacodes Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix phaseolina Deshayes in Férussac & Deshayes, 1851 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix pilula Reeve, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix planorbis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix planulata Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix platae Maton, 1811 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix plectostoma Benson, 1836 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pleuradra Bourguignat, 1881 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix plicaria Born, 1780 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix plicatella Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix polypleuris Blanford, 1865 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pomum L. Pfeiffer, 1842 (unaccepted)
Species Helix praecellens Naegele, 1901 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix praetexta L. Pfeiffer, 1871 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix priamus Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pseudoleioda Suter, 1890 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix pseudomeadei Bednall, 1876 (unaccepted)
Species Helix punica Morelet, 1851 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix pura Alder, 1830 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix purpurea Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Helix putris Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Helix quadrifasciata de Serres, 1853 † (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix quadrifasciata Le Guillou, 1842; Frechenia serresi is a replacement name)
Species Helix quekettiana Melvill & Ponsonby, 1893 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix quimperiana Blainville, 1821 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix radicidola Benson, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix rahtii Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix ramondi Brongniart, 1810 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix redtenbacheri L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix reinae L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix robusta Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix rossmaessleri L. Pfeiffer, 1842 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix rotatoria von dem Busch, 1842 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix rothii L. Pfeiffer, 1841 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix rufolabris L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix rupestris Draparnaud, 1801 (unaccepted)
Species Helix rutilans L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix sativa L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix scabra Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Helix scalarina Pfeiffer, 1851 (unaccepted)
Species Helix scandens Cox, 1871 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix scarabaeus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix schaerfiae L. Pfeiffer, 1861 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix schärfiae L. Pfeiffer, 1861 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling)
Species Helix scherzeri Zelebor in L. Pfeiffer & Zelebor, 1867 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix schlosseriana Brusina, 1874 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix schlumbergeri Morlet, 1886 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix schombrii L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix scintilla R. T. Lowe, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix sculptilis Pease, 1865 (unaccepted, Invalid. Primary homonym of Helix sculptilis Bland, 1858)
Species Helix seberti Marie, 1881 (unaccepted)
Species Helix semiplicata L. Pfeiffer, 1852 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix septemspiralis Razoumowsky, 1789 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix serpuloides Montagu, 1808 (unaccepted)
Species Helix setubalensis L. Pfeiffer, 1850 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix silvana Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix similaris Rang, 1831 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix smimensis Mousson, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Helix socia L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix solida Born, 1778 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix solorensis Martens, 1863 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix sophiae Reeve, 1854 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix spheroidea Le Guillou, 1842 (unaccepted)
Species Helix spratti L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix stagnalis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix stagnorum Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
Species Helix steinheimensis Klein, 1846 † (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix stenospira Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix stenotrypta Sandberger, 1858 † (unaccepted, objective junior synonym: Helix lapidaria Thomä, 1845 is listed in synonymy, albeit being an available taxon; new combination)
Species Helix stipulata Reeve, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Helix subangulosa Zieten, 1832 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix subcarinata Montagu, 1803 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix subcylindrica Linnaeus, 1767 (unaccepted)
Species Helix subglobosa Grateloup, 1828 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix subnitens Klein, 1853 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix subrogata L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix subrugata Reeve, 1852 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix subsulcosa Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix subtilisticta Sandberger, 1875 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix sudensis L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix sulphurea C. B. Adams, 1849 (unaccepted, Synonym - Not available)
Species Helix superflua L. Pfeiffer, 1849 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix supracostulata Schepman, 1892 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix symmetrica Craven, 1880 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix syrensis L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix tarentina L. Pfeiffer, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix tentaculata Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix tenuicostata L. Pfeiffer, 1846 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix terebellum O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted)
Species Helix thomaeana A. Braun in Walchner, 1851 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix toukriana Bourguignat in Péchaud, 1883 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix tristis L. Pfeiffer, 1845 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix trizona Rossmässler, 1834 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix trochiformis L. Pfeiffer, 1842 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix trochiformis Montagu, 1803)
Species Helix trotteriana Benson, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix turonensis Deshayes, 1832 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix uniplicata A. Braun in Walchner, 1851 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix urnula L. Pfeiffer, 1855 (unaccepted)
Species Helix urvillei Hombron & Jacquinot, 1847 (unaccepted, unjustified emendation)
Species Helix vanikorensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix vargasiana L. Pfeiffer, 1849 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix variabilis Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824 (unaccepted)
Species Helix varica O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix vaysseti Marie, 1871 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix venulatus Pfeiffer, 1857 (unaccepted)
Species Helix vermiculata O.F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix vernicosa Krauss, 1848 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix verticillata L. Pfeiffer, 1870 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix verticilloides Thomä, 1845 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix vesconis Morelet, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix vestalis L. Pfeiffer, 1841 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix villae L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Helix vinitincta Cox, 1868 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix viridescens Melvill & Ponsonby, 1891 (unaccepted)
Species Helix vitrea Born, 1778 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix vivipara Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix volutella Gassies, 1858 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Helix volutella L. Pfeiffer, 1856)
Species Helix volutella L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix volvulus O. F. Müller, 1774 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix wairarapa Suter, 1890 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix welebitana L. Pfeiffer, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix welwitschi Morelet, 1866 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix winteriana Pfeiffer, 1842 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix zelandiae Gray, 1843 (unaccepted)
Species Helix zelebori L. Pfeiffer, 1853 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Helix zippei Reuss in Reuss & Meyer, 1849 † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Helix zonella L. Pfeiffer, 1865 (unaccepted, original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
MolluscaBase (2018). Helix Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=153970 on 2018-02-25
Date
action
by
2005-04-16 10:28:02Z
created
2011-04-13 19:02:27Z
checked
2013-08-25 14:19:53Z
changed
2017-01-12 08:06:05Z
changed
2017-04-25 07:58:35Z
changed
2017-06-15 07:03:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record  (ofGlischrus S. Studer, 1820) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofHelix (Pelasga) P. Hesse, 1908) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCallunea Scudder, 1882) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCunula Pallary, 1936) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofHelicogena A. Férussac, 1821) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofNaegelea P. Hesse, 1918) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPachyphallus P. Hesse, 1918) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPhysospira C.R. Boettger, 1914) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPomatia Beck, 1837) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPomatiana Fagot, 1903) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPomatiella Pallary, 1909) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofPseudofigulina P. Hesse, 1917) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofRhododerma P. Hesse, 1918) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofTammouzia Pallary, 1939) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

subsequent type designation  (ofPentataenia A. Schmidt, 1855) Bouchet P., Rocroi J.P., Hausdorf B., Kaim A., Kano Y., Nützel A., Parkhaev P., Schrödl M. & Strong E.E. (2017). Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia. 61(1-2): 1-526.
note: type species fixation [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofMegastoma Scudder, 1882) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCoenatoria Held, 1838) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCochlea Da Costa, 1778) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofHelix (Helix) Linnaeus, 1758) Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017. [details]  OpenAccess publication