WoRMS taxon details

Haliclona leopoldbaeri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424128  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424128)

accepted
Species
Reniera mollis Baer, 1906 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 42 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906)) Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Reniera mollis Baer, 1906) Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Zanzibar  
type locality contained in Zanzibar [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 41-42) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 41-42) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona mollis (Schmidt, 1870), Haliclona (Reniera) mollis (Lambe, 1893), Haliclona (Reniera) mollis (Baer, 1906), Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925) and Haliclona baeri De Laubenfels, 1936.
1. Siphonochalina mollis Schmidt, 1870: 34 (type locality Florida, USA). Van Soest (2001: 99) in his list of European Porifera reassigned this combination to the genus Haliclona as Haliclona mollis. There is a likely confusion / error behind this reassignment, as Van Soest cited Schmidt (1868) as the source (not Schmidt 1870). In Schmidt (1868) there is no citation of the Floridian species Siphonochalina mollis, but there is a description of Mediterranean species Siphonochalina coriacea Schmidt, 1868: 7, the only Siphonochalina mentioned in Schmidt (1868). In view of the fact that Van Soest intended to list European species only, it is reasonable to assume that he mixed up the two species (although he listed Siphonochalina coriacea separately in the list of European Callyspongiidae species). The only other publication mentioning Siphonochalina mollis is Rützler et al. (2009: 303), where it is suggested that S. mollis is “probably a CallyspongiaHaliclona mollis sensu Schmidt, 1870 must be reassigned herein to Callyspongia mollis (Schmidt, 1870) comb. nov., which removes its senior secondary homonymy with the two other homonyms (ICZN Art. 57.3.1). The species is not known from recent descriptions and remains a taxon inquirendum.
2. Reniera mollis Lambe, 1893: 26 (type locality Vancouver Island, Pacific coast of Canada). Originally named Reniera mollis Lambe, 1893 it was transferred to Haliclona by De Weerdt (2002: 867) through the synonymy between Reniera Schmidt, 1862: 72 and Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, making it a senior secondary homonym of Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906). The subgenus affiliation is not yet ascertained, but it is likely a member of Haliclona (Rhizoniera), as De Weerdt (1987) (thesis) associated it with Haliclona rosea (Bowerbank, 1866: 282), currently Haliclona (Rhizoniera) rosea.
3. Reniera mollis Baer, 1906: 14 (type locality Zanzibar, East Africa). Originally named Reniera mollis Baer, 1906 it was transferred to Haliclona by De Weerdt (2002: 867) through the synonymy between Reniera Schmidt, 1862 and Haliclona Grant, 1841, also making it a junior secondary homonym of Haliclona mollis (Lambe, 1893), requiring a new name. De Laubenfels (1936: 40) detected the homonymy, proposed to remove it by providing a new name, Haliclona baeri, but by this act created a further junior homonymy with Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925: 398) as Reniera implexa var. baeri.
4. Summary: Callyspongia mollis (Schmidt, 1870) is reassigned to the genus Callyspongia and thus is removed from homonymy with mollis Lambe, 1893 and mollis Baer, 1906 (ICZN Art. 57.3.1). Haliclona mollis (Lambe, 1893) is to be maintained as a senior secondary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.3, 57.3.1). Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906) is a junior secondary homonym with published synonym Haliclona baeri De Laubenfels, 1936, which in turn is a junior homonym of Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925). H. baeri sensu de Laubenfels did not appear to have a published synonym, so it needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy of both junior homonyms Haliclona leopoldbaeri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Leopold Baer. The subgenus affiliation is not yet ascertained. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Haliclona leopoldbaeri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424128 on 2020-10-26
Date
action
by
2020-03-04 09:39:51Z
created

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original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 42 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Haliclona baeri De Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 40 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906)) Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Reniera mollis Baer, 1906) Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 41-42) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona mollis (Schmidt, 1870), Haliclona (Reniera) mollis (Lambe, 1893), Haliclona (Reniera) mollis (Baer, 1906), Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925) and Haliclona baeri De Laubenfels, 1936.
1. Siphonochalina mollis Schmidt, 1870: 34 (type locality Florida, USA). Van Soest (2001: 99) in his list of European Porifera reassigned this combination to the genus Haliclona as Haliclona mollis. There is a likely confusion / error behind this reassignment, as Van Soest cited Schmidt (1868) as the source (not Schmidt 1870). In Schmidt (1868) there is no citation of the Floridian species Siphonochalina mollis, but there is a description of Mediterranean species Siphonochalina coriacea Schmidt, 1868: 7, the only Siphonochalina mentioned in Schmidt (1868). In view of the fact that Van Soest intended to list European species only, it is reasonable to assume that he mixed up the two species (although he listed Siphonochalina coriacea separately in the list of European Callyspongiidae species). The only other publication mentioning Siphonochalina mollis is Rützler et al. (2009: 303), where it is suggested that S. mollis is “probably a CallyspongiaHaliclona mollis sensu Schmidt, 1870 must be reassigned herein to Callyspongia mollis (Schmidt, 1870) comb. nov., which removes its senior secondary homonymy with the two other homonyms (ICZN Art. 57.3.1). The species is not known from recent descriptions and remains a taxon inquirendum.
2. Reniera mollis Lambe, 1893: 26 (type locality Vancouver Island, Pacific coast of Canada). Originally named Reniera mollis Lambe, 1893 it was transferred to Haliclona by De Weerdt (2002: 867) through the synonymy between Reniera Schmidt, 1862: 72 and Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, making it a senior secondary homonym of Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906). The subgenus affiliation is not yet ascertained, but it is likely a member of Haliclona (Rhizoniera), as De Weerdt (1987) (thesis) associated it with Haliclona rosea (Bowerbank, 1866: 282), currently Haliclona (Rhizoniera) rosea.
3. Reniera mollis Baer, 1906: 14 (type locality Zanzibar, East Africa). Originally named Reniera mollis Baer, 1906 it was transferred to Haliclona by De Weerdt (2002: 867) through the synonymy between Reniera Schmidt, 1862 and Haliclona Grant, 1841, also making it a junior secondary homonym of Haliclona mollis (Lambe, 1893), requiring a new name. De Laubenfels (1936: 40) detected the homonymy, proposed to remove it by providing a new name, Haliclona baeri, but by this act created a further junior homonymy with Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925: 398) as Reniera implexa var. baeri.
4. Summary: Callyspongia mollis (Schmidt, 1870) is reassigned to the genus Callyspongia and thus is removed from homonymy with mollis Lambe, 1893 and mollis Baer, 1906 (ICZN Art. 57.3.1). Haliclona mollis (Lambe, 1893) is to be maintained as a senior secondary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.3, 57.3.1). Haliclona mollis (Baer, 1906) is a junior secondary homonym with published synonym Haliclona baeri De Laubenfels, 1936, which in turn is a junior homonym of Haliclona baeri (Wilson, 1925). H. baeri sensu de Laubenfels did not appear to have a published synonym, so it needed to be replaced (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy of both junior homonyms Haliclona leopoldbaeri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Leopold Baer. The subgenus affiliation is not yet ascertained. [details]
LanguageName 
English delicate horny sponge [from synonym]  [details]
French éponge molle [from synonym]  [details]