WoRMS taxon details

Charonia lampas (Linnaeus, 1758)

141101  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141101)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Murex lampas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 748 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note Mediterranean Sea  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Mediterranean Sea [details]
Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands,...  
Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores; Seine, Josephine and Ampère seamounts; Mediterranean only in the Western Basin. Western Atlantic, on the Brazilian coast. Other populations, which may be recognized as distinct subspecies, are found in Australia, Taiwan and Japan. [details]
MolluscaBase (2019). MolluscaBase. Charonia lampas (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141101 on 2019-10-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-01-16 10:00:55Z
changed
2019-09-20 18:39:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Charonia capax Finlay, 1926) Finlay H.J. (1926). A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. <em>Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 57: 320-485, pls 18-23., available online at http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_57/rsnz_57_00_003550.html [details]   

original description  (of Charonia mirabilis Parenzan, 1970) Parenzan P. (1970-1976). Carta d'identità delle conchiglie del Mediterraneo. Taranto, Bios Taras. Vol. 1 (Gasteropodi): 1-283 [1970]. Vol. 2 parte 1 (Bivalvi): 1-277 con 46 tav. [1974]. Vol. 2 parte 2 (Bivalvi): 283-546 con 56 tav. [1976]. Vol. 3 (Bibliografia): 1-50
page(s): 156-158; pl. 32 fig. 615 [details]   

original description  (of Nyctilochus alfredensis Bartsch, 1915) Bartsch P. (1915). Report on the Turton Collection of South African marine mollusks, with additional notes on other South African shells contained in the United States National Museum. <i>Bulletin. United States National Museum</i>, 91: xii + 305 pp., 54 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/32699
page(s): 94, pl. 4, fig. 4. [details]   

original description  (of Murex lampas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 748 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Triton nodiferum Lamarck, 1822) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1822). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome septième. Paris: published by the Author, 711 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47433
page(s): 179 [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium glabrum Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. <i>Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière </i>: pp. X + 778, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10831012
page(s): 154, 558 [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium mediterraneum Risso, 1826) Risso, A. (1826-1827). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Paris, Levrault:. <em>.</em> 3(XVI): 1-480, 14 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/58984 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Charonia capax euclioides Finlay, 1926) Finlay H.J. (1926). A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. <em>Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 57: 320-485, pls 18-23., available online at http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_57/rsnz_57_00_003550.html [details]   

original description  (of Murex gyrinoides Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi G.B. (1814). <i>Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente</i>. Milano. Vol. 1: i-lxxx, 1-56, 1-240; vol. 2: 241-712, 16 pls. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12001697 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Triton nodiferum var. glabra Weinkauff, 1868) Weinkauff H. C. (1867-1868). Die Conchylien des Mittelmeeres, ihre geographische und geologisches Verbreitung. <i>T. Fischer, Cassel Vol. 1</i>: pp. XIX + 307 [1867]. Vol. 2: pp. VI + 512. [1868] , available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=dg0AAAAAQAAJ [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium opis Röding, 1798) Röding, P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturæ quæ olim collegerat Joa. Fried Bolten, M. D. p. d. per XL. annos proto physicus Hamburgensis. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. <em>Hamburg: Trapp.</em> viii, 199 pp., available online at https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/id/PPN578291126 [details]   

original description  (of Simpulum nodiferum var. minima Pallary, 1900) Pallary P. (1900). Coquilles marines du littoral du départment d'Oran. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 48(3): 211-422., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25146965 [details]   

original description  (of Simpulum nodiferum var. major Pallary, 1900) Pallary P. (1900). Coquilles marines du littoral du départment d'Oran. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 48(3): 211-422., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25146965 [details]   

additional source Beu A.G. (1998). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM: 19. Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), a monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 178: 1-255., available online at http://bibliotheques.mnhn.fr/EXPLOITATION/infodoc/ged/viewportalpublished.ashx?eid=IFD_FICJOINT_MNHN_MMNHN_S000_1998_T178_N000_1
page(s): 69-73 [details]   

additional source Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Maxwell, P.A. (2009). Cenozoic Mollusca. Pp 232-254 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology Type of larval development: planktotrophic, with long-lived (teleplanic) pelagic larvae [details]

Diagnosis Shell large, up to 400 mm on mainland locations, to 200 mm in island and seamount sites. Protoconch multispiral, normally eroded except on very juvenile specimens. Teleoconch of 8-9 whorls with a moderately high, conical spire and convex whorls, the last one ample and making up slightly more than two-thirds of the total height. Spire whorls vaguely shouldered, with very flat spiral cords separated by poorly defined, rather narrow interspaces, the shoulder covered by a much broader and flatter cord and commonly, but not always, bearing a spiral series of knobs, paralelled to the abapical side by lesser flat cords with or without spiral rows of knobs.
Aperture large, oval in shape, with an elaborate peristome; outer lip flaring, thickened at a short distance from the edge and with internal denticles; inner part of the peristome with an appressed parietal callus continued into a foliated columellar callus, which has a raised edge overhanging the siphonal canal on large specimens, and bears indistinct ridges towards the edge. Colour pattern very characteristic, with articulated spiral bands of light patches on the knobs and dark brown in the interspaces, alternating with medium brown uniform bands. Peristome white with dark brown denticles on the outer lip and a brownish to reddish hue on the edge of columellar callus.
 [details]

Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores; Seine, Josephine and Ampère seamounts; Mediterranean only in the Western Basin. Western Atlantic, on the Brazilian coast. Other populations, which may be recognized as distinct subspecies, are found in Australia, Taiwan and Japan. [details]

Type locality Mediterranean Sea [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 

LanguageName 
English pink lady [from synonym]knobbed triton  [details]
French trompe des dieux [from synonym]triton [from synonym]  [details]
German TrompetenschneckeKnotiges TritonshornKinkhorn  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Τρίτωνας  [details]
To MNHN Type collection (IM-2000-4125)
To MNHN Type collec...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nyctilochus alfredensis Holotype USNM 186785)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]