WoRMS taxon details

Charonia lampas (Linnaeus, 1758)

141101  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141101)

accepted
Species
Tritonium pustulata (incorrect subsequent spelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Murex lampas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 748 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note Mediterranean Sea  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Mediterranean Sea [details]
Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands,...  
Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores; Seine, Josephine and Ampère seamounts; Mediterranean only in the Western Basin. Western Atlantic, on the Brazilian coast. Other populations, which may be recognized as distinct subspecies, are found in Australia, Taiwan and Japan. [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Charonia lampas (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141101 on 2021-12-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-01-16 10:00:55Z
changed
2019-09-20 18:39:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Charonia capax Finlay, 1926) Finlay, H. J. (1926). A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. <em>Transactions of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 57: 320-485, pls 18-23 [dated 1927, published Dec, 1926]., available online at http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_57/rsnz_57_00_003550.html
page(s): 397 [details]   

original description  (of Charonia mirabilis Parenzan, 1970) Parenzan, P. (1970-1976). <i>Carta d'identità delle conchiglie del Mediterraneo</i>. Taranto, Bios Taras. Vol. 1 (Gasteropodi): 1-283 [1970]. Vol. 2 parte 1 (Bivalvi): 1-277 con 46 tav. [1974]. Vol. 2 parte 2 (Bivalvi): 283-546 con 56 tav. [1976]. Vol. 3 (Bibliografia): 1-50.
page(s): 156-158; pl. 32 fig. 615 [details]   

original description  (of Charonia powelli Cotton, 1957) Cotton, B. C. (1957). Record of uncommon Southern Australian molluscs. <em>Records of the South Australian Museum.</em> 9: 117-130., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40860808 [details]   

original description  (of Murex lampas Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 748 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Murex nerei Dillwyn, 1817) Dillwyn, L. W. (1817). <i>A descriptive catalogue of Recent shells, arranged according to the Linnean method; with particular attention to the synonymy</i>. London: John and Arthur Arch. Vol. 1: 1-580; Vol. 2: 581-1092 + index [29 pp.]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11670899 [details]   

original description  (of Nyctilochus alfredensis Bartsch, 1915) Bartsch, P. (1925). Report on the Turton Collection of South African marine mollusks, with additional notes on other South African shells contained in the United States National Museum. <em>Bulletin. United States National Museum.</em> 91: xii + 305 pp., 54 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/32699
page(s): 94, pl. 4, fig. 4. [details]   

original description  (of Septa rubicunda Perry, 1811) Perry, G. (1811). <i>Conchology, or the natural history of shells: containing a new arrangement of the genera and species, illustrated by coloured engravings executed from the natural specimens, and including the latest discoveries</i>. 4 pp., 61 plates. London. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41764832
page(s): pl. 14, fig. 4 [details]   

original description  (of Triton australe Lamarck, 1822) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1815-1822). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres, présentant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une introduction offrant la détermination des caractères essentiels de l'animal, sa distinction du végétal et des autres corps naturels; enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la zoologie. Paris: 7 volumes. Vol. 1 [Introduction]: Verdière, i-xvi, 1-462 [March 1815]; Vol. 2 [les Polypes, les Radiaires]: Verdière, 1-568 [March 1816]; Vol. 3 [suite des Radiaires; les Tuniciers; les Vers]: Verdière, 1-586 [August, 1816]; Vol. 4: Deterville/Verdière, 1-603 [April 1817]; Vol. 5 [les Arachnides; les Crustacés; les Annélides; les Cirrhipèdes; les Conchiferes]: Paris, Deterville/Verdière, 1-612 [25 July 1818]; Vol. 6(1) [suite des Conchifères; Les Mollusques]: published by the Author, i-vi, 1-343 [June 1819]; Vol. 6(2) (suite): published by the Author, 1-232 [April 1822]; Vol. 7 (suite): published by the Author, 1-711. [August 1822]., available online at https://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.40014 [details]   

original description  (of Triton nodiferum Lamarck, 1822) Lamarck, [J.-B. M.] de. (1822). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome septième. Paris: published by the Author, 711 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47433
page(s): 179 [details]   

original description  (of Triton sauliae Reeve, 1844) Reeve, L. A. (1844). Monograph of the genus <i>Triton</i>. In: <i>Conchologia Iconica, or, illustrations of the shells of molluscous animals</i>, vol. 2, pls 1-20 and unpaginated text. L. Reeve & Co., London. [stated dates: pls. 1-4, March 1844; 5-8, April 1844; 9-12, May 1844; 13-19, June 1844; 20, August 1844]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8937195#page/107/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium glabrum Locard, 1886) Locard, A. (1886). <i>Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusques marins</i>. Lyon: H. Georg & Paris: Baillière. x + 778 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10831012
page(s): 154, 558 [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium mediterraneum Risso, 1826) Risso, A. (1826-1827). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. <em>Paris, F.G. Levrault.</em> 3(XVI): 1-480, 14 pls. [copepods 160-163]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/58984 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Tritonium pustulatum Euthyme, 1889) Euthyme [Frère]. (1889). Description de quelques espéces nouvelles de la faune marine exotique. <em>Bulletins de la Société malacologique de France.</em> 6: 259-282, pl. 6-7., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16141541
page(s): 273, pl. 6, figs 3, 4. [details]   

original description  (of Charonia capax euclioides Finlay, 1926) Finlay, H. J. (1926). A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. <em>Transactions of the New Zealand Institute.</em> 57: 320-485, pls 18-23 [dated 1927, published Dec, 1926]., available online at http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_57/rsnz_57_00_003550.html
page(s): 398 [details]   

original description  (of Tritonium opis Röding, 1798) Röding, P.F. (1798). <i>Museum Boltenianum</i> sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturæ quæ olim collegerat Joa. Fried Bolten, M. D. p. d. per XL. annos proto physicus Hamburgensis. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. Trapp, Hamburg. viii, 199 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16230659 [details]   

original description  (of Charonia sauliae macilenta Kuroda & Habe, 1961) Habe T. (1961). <i>Coloured illustrations of the shells of Japan</i> (II). Hoikusha, Osaka. xii + 183 + 42 pp., 66 pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Charonia nodifera var. euclia Hedley, 1914) Hedley C. (1914). Mollusca. <em>Biological results of the fishing experiments carried on by the F.I.S. "Endeavour" 1909-1914.</em> 2(2): 63-74, pls 8-12., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12036241#page/85/mode/1up
page(s): 65 [details]   

original description  (of Murex gyrinoides Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814). <i>Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente</i>. Milano. Vol. 1: i-lxxx, 1-56, 1-240; vol. 2: 241-712, 16 pls. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12001697 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides var. ficarazzensis de Gregorio, 1884) de Gregorio, A. (1884-1885). Studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili con una rivista del genere <i>Vulsella</i>. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 10: 36-128 [1884], 129-288 [1885], pl. 1-5., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38908552
page(s): 100 [details]   

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides var. imperans de Gregorio, 1884) de Gregorio, A. (1884-1885). Studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili con una rivista del genere <i>Vulsella</i>. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 10: 36-128 [1884], 129-288 [1885], pl. 1-5., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38908552
page(s): 100 [details]   

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides var. labroplita de Gregorio, 1884) de Gregorio, A. (1884-1885). Studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili con una rivista del genere <i>Vulsella</i>. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 10: 36-128 [1884], 129-288 [1885], pl. 1-5., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38908552
page(s): 99 [details]   

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides var. singilla de Gregorio, 1884) de Gregorio, A. (1884-1885). Studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili con una rivista del genere <i>Vulsella</i>. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 10: 36-128 [1884], 129-288 [1885], pl. 1-5., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38908552
page(s): 100-101 [details]   

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides var. inflectilabrum de Gregorio, 1884) de Gregorio, A. (1884-1885). Studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili con una rivista del genere <i>Vulsella</i>. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 10: 36-128 [1884], 129-288 [1885], pl. 1-5., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38908552
page(s): 99 [details]   

original description  (of Triton nodiferum var. glabra Weinkauff, 1868) Weinkauff H. C. (1867-1868). Die Conchylien des Mittelmeeres, ihre geographische und geologisches Verbreitung. <i>T. Fischer, Cassel Vol. 1</i>: pp. XIX + 307 [1867]. Vol. 2: pp. VI + 512. [1868] , available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=dg0AAAAAQAAJ [details]   

original description  (of Simpulum nodiferum var. minima Pallary, 1900) Pallary, P. (1900). Coquilles marines du littoral du département d'Oran. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 48(3): 211-422., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25146965 [details]   

original description  (of Simpulum nodiferum var. major Pallary, 1900) Pallary, P. (1900). Coquilles marines du littoral du département d'Oran. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 48(3): 211-422., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25146965 [details]   

original description  (of Triton (Semiranella) valrovinensis de Gregorio, 1894) de Gregorio, A. (1894). Descriptions des faunes tertiaires de la Vénétie. Fossiles des environs de Bassano surtout du tertiaire inférieur de l'horizon à <i>Conus diversiformis</i> Desh. et <i>Serpula spirulaea</i> Lamk. (Recueillis par M. Andrea Balestra). <em>Annales de géologie et de paléontologie.</em> 13: 1-40, 5 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37166204 [details]   

original description  (of Triton gyrinoides f. propeficarezzense de Gregorio, 1885) De Gregorio, A. (1885). Continuazione degli studi su talune conchiglie mediterranee viventi e fossili. <em>Bullettino della Società Malacologica Italiana.</em> 11: 27-203., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39284454
page(s): 129 [details]   

additional source Beu A.G. (1998). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM: 19. Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), a monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa. <em>Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.</em> 178: 1-255., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58988686
page(s): 69-73 [details]   

additional source Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Maxwell, P.A. (2009). Cenozoic Mollusca. Pp 232-254 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

additional source Herbert, D.G., Jones, G.J. & Atkinson, L.J. (2018). Phylum Mollusca. In: Atkinson, L.J. and Sink, K.J. (eds) Field Guide to the Offshore Marine Invertebrates of South Africa. Malachite Marketing and Media: Pretoria. Pp. 249–320. , available online at http://doi.org/10.15493/SAEON.PUB.10000001
page(s): 265 [details]   

additional source Landau, B., Harzhauser, M., Beu, A.G. 2009. A Revision of the Tonnoidea (Caenogastropoda, Gastropoda) from the Miocene Paratethys and their Palaeobiogeographic Implications. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 149 (1), 61-109., available online at http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=JB1491_061_A.pdf [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology Type of larval development: planktotrophic, with long-lived (teleplanic) pelagic larvae [details]

Diagnosis Shell large, up to 400 mm on mainland locations, to 200 mm in island and seamount sites. Protoconch multispiral, normally eroded except on very juvenile specimens. Teleoconch of 8-9 whorls with a moderately high, conical spire and convex whorls, the last one ample and making up slightly more than two-thirds of the total height. Spire whorls vaguely shouldered, with very flat spiral cords separated by poorly defined, rather narrow interspaces, the shoulder covered by a much broader and flatter cord and commonly, but not always, bearing a spiral series of knobs, paralelled to the abapical side by lesser flat cords with or without spiral rows of knobs.
Aperture large, oval in shape, with an elaborate peristome; outer lip flaring, thickened at a short distance from the edge and with internal denticles; inner part of the peristome with an appressed parietal callus continued into a foliated columellar callus, which has a raised edge overhanging the siphonal canal on large specimens, and bears indistinct ridges towards the edge. Colour pattern very characteristic, with articulated spiral bands of light patches on the knobs and dark brown in the interspaces, alternating with medium brown uniform bands. Peristome white with dark brown denticles on the outer lip and a brownish to reddish hue on the edge of columellar callus.
 [details]

Distribution Eastern Atlantic, from the English Channel to Morocco and in scattered occurrences as far south as Angola; Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores; Seine, Josephine and Ampère seamounts; Mediterranean only in the Western Basin. Western Atlantic, on the Brazilian coast. Other populations, which may be recognized as distinct subspecies, are found in Australia, Taiwan and Japan. [details]

Type locality Mediterranean Sea [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English pink lady [from synonym]knobbed triton  [details]
French trompe des dieux [from synonym]triton [from synonym]  [details]
German TrompetenschneckeKnotiges TritonshornKinkhorn  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Τρίτωνας  [details]
To MNHN Type collection (IM-2000-4125)
To MNHN Type collec...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nyctilochus alfredensis Holotype USNM 186785)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]