WoRMS taxon details

Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758

138518  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138518)

accepted
Genus
Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus asiaticus Chenu, 1844
Species Spondylus asperrimus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus aucklandicus P. Marshall, 1918 †
Species Spondylus avramsingeri Kovalis, 2010
Species Spondylus butleri Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus candidus Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus clarksoni Lamprell, 1992
Species Spondylus concavus Deshayes in Maillard, 1863
Species Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus croceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus darwini Jousseaume, 1882
Species Spondylus deforgesi Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus depressus Fulton, 1915
Species Spondylus eastae Lamprell, 1992
Species Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus erectospinosus Habe, 1973
Species Spondylus exiguus Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus exilis G. B. Sowerby III, 1895
Species Spondylus fauroti Jousseaume, 1888
Species Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus gloriandus Melvill & Standen, 1907
Species Spondylus gloriosus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
Species Spondylus gravis Fulton, 1915
Species Spondylus groschi Lamprell & Kilburn, 1995
Species Spondylus gussonii O. G. Costa, 1830
Species Spondylus heidkeae Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus imperialis Chenu, 1844
Species Spondylus lamarckii Chenu, 1845
Species Spondylus layardi Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus leucacanthus Broderip, 1833
Species Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus linguafelis G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus maestratii Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus mimus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
Species Spondylus morrisoni Damarco, 2015
Species Spondylus multimuricatus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus multisetosus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus occidens G. B. Sowerby III, 1903
Species Spondylus ocellatus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus orstomi Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus ostreoides E. A. Smith, 1885
Species Spondylus pratii Parth, 1990
Species Spondylus proneri Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus raoulensis W. R. B. Oliver, 1915
Species Spondylus reesianus G. B. Sowerby III, 1903
Species Spondylus regius Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus rippingalei Lamprell & Healy, 2001
Species Spondylus rubicundus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus senegalensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus tenellus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus tenuispinosus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus tenuitas Garrard, 1966
Species Spondylus variegatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus varius G. B. Sowerby I, 1827
Species Spondylus versicolor Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus victoriae G. B. Sowerby II, 1860
Species Spondylus violacescens Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus virgineus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus visayensis Poppe & Tagaro, 2010
Species Spondylus zonalis Lamarck, 1819

Species Spondylus echinus Jousseaume in Lamy, 1927 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Spondylus imbricatus Perry, 1811 (nomen dubium)
Species Spondylus microlepos Lamarck, 1819 (nomen dubium)
Species Spondylus unicolor G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Spondylus (Rimaespondylus) Damarco, 2015 accepted as Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758 (unavailable name: no type species designated)
Species Spondylus aculeatus Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus variegatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus aculeatus Broderip, 1833 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus aculeatus Schröter, 1788 accepted as Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793 (non-binominal)
Species Spondylus affinis Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus multisetosus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus albibarbatus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus albidus Broderip, 1836 accepted as Spondylus gussonii O. G. Costa, 1830
Species Spondylus albus Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus albus Anton, 1838 accepted as Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus albus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus ambiguus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus americanus Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus butleri Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus arachnoides Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus armatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus victoriae G. B. Sowerby II, 1860
Species Spondylus aurantiacus Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus croceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus aurantius Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus versicolor Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus aurispinae Damarco & Bologna, 2009 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus avicularis Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus barbatus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus basilicus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus calcifer Carpenter, 1857 accepted as Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus camurus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus multisetosus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus castus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus echinatus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus cevikeri Lamprell, Stanisic & Clarkson, 2001 accepted as Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus ciliatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus coccineus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus coccineus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (invalid: junior homonym of S. coccineus Schreibers, 1793; S. punicus is a replacement name)
Species Spondylus contrarius Anton, 1838 accepted as Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus costatus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus croceus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus cruentus Lischke, 1868 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus cumingii G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus regius Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus cuneus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus darwini sensu Lamprell & Healy, 1998 accepted as Spondylus asperrimus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847
Species Spondylus delessertii Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus varius G. B. Sowerby I, 1827
Species Spondylus dentatus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus digitatus Perry, 1811 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus digitatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus dominicensis Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus dubius Broderip, 1833 accepted as Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus ducalis Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus echinatus d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus electrum Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus electus Fulton, 1915 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus erinaceus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus excavatus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus senegalensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus flabellum Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus foliabrassicae d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus fragilis Sowerby, 1847 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus fragum Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus multisetosus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus fulvus Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus gilvus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus gracilis Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus hawaiensis Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 accepted as Spondylus candidus Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus herinaceus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus zonalis Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus hystrix Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus hystrix Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus virgineus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus ictericus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus igneus Fulton, 1915 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus imbutus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus inermis Alvarado & Alvarez, 1964 accepted as Spondylus senegalensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus iredalei Fulton, 1915 accepted as Spondylus raoulensis W. R. B. Oliver, 1915
Species Spondylus jamarci Okutani, 1983 accepted as Spondylus occidens G. B. Sowerby III, 1903
Species Spondylus japonicus Kuroda, 1932 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus jubalensis Lamy, 1938 accepted as Spondylus candidus Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus kauaiensis Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 accepted as Spondylus mimus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
Species Spondylus lamarckii sensu Carpenter, 1857 accepted as Spondylus limbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (misidentification)
Species Spondylus lamyi Fulton, 1915 accepted as Spondylus multimuricatus Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus lemayi Jousseaume in Lamy, 1927 accepted as Spondylus layardi Reeve, 1856
Species Spondylus lima Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus lindea Iredale, 1939 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus longispina Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus longitudinalis Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781
Species Spondylus longitudinalis sensu G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793 (misidentification)
Species Spondylus maculatus Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus marisrubri Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus mediterraneus Hermann, 1781 accepted as Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Spondylus microlepos sensu Lamprell, 1986 accepted as Spondylus heidkeae Lamprell & Healy, 2001 (misidentification)
Species Spondylus minimus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus gussonii O. G. Costa, 1830
Species Spondylus mireilleae Lamprell & Healy, 2001 accepted as Spondylus occidens G. B. Sowerby III, 1903
Species Spondylus monachus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus tenuis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus multilamellatus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus muricatus Chenu, 1845 accepted as Spondylus sinensis Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus mus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus squamosus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus nudus Reeve, 1842 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus nux Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus obliquus Chenu, 1844 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823 (non Münster, 1841)
Species Spondylus pacificus Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus anacanthus Mawe, 1823
Species Spondylus parocellatus Iredale, 1939 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus parvispinus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 accepted as Spondylus candidus Lamarck, 1819
Species Spondylus percea Iredale, 1939 accepted as Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus pernux Iredale, 1939 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus pesasininus Röding, 1798 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus petroselinum G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus pickeringae Lamprell, 1998 accepted as Spondylus darwini Jousseaume, 1882
Species Spondylus pictorum Schreibers, 1793 accepted as Spondylus foliaceus Schreibers, 1793
Species Spondylus pictorum sensu Lamprell, 1986 accepted as Spondylus darwini Jousseaume, 1882
Species Spondylus pictorum sensu Reeve, 1856 accepted as Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819 (misidentification)
Species Spondylus plicatus Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Plicatula plicata (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
Species Spondylus plurispinosus Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus powelli Smith, 1892 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus princeps Broderip, 1833 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus prionifer Iredale, 1931 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus proboscideus Schreibers, 1793 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus pseudochama Schreibers, 1793 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus punicus Bernard, Cai & Morton, 1993 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus radians Lamarck, 1819 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus radula Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Spondylus radula Lamarck, 1806; S. smithi is a replacement name)
Species Spondylus ramosus Schreibers, 1793 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus ramosus Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus reevei Fulton, 1915 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus roseus Jousseaume in Lamy, 1927 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus rostratus Chenu, 1844 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus sanguineus Dunker, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus satal Roissy, 1804 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus savignyi Jousseaume in Lamy, 1927 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus serraticosta Prashad, 1932 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus serraticostus [sic] (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Spondylus serratissimus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus setiger Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus sinensis G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus smithi Fulton, 1915 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus smytheae Lamprell, 1998 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus somalicus Parth & Philippe, 1992 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus sowerbyi Fulton, 1915 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus sparsispinosus Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus spathuliferus Lamarck, 1819 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus spectrum Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus spinulosus Kuster, 1858 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus striatospinosus Chenu, 1844 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus swinneni Lamprell, Stanisic & Clarkson, 2001 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus tenebrosus Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus unicus Jousseaume in Lamy, 1927 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus ursipes S. S. Berry, 1959 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus ustulatus Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus varians (unaccepted, probably a misspelling)
Species Spondylus vexillum Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus violaceus Reeve, 1856 (unaccepted)
Species Spondylus wrightianus Crosse, 1872 (unaccepted)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
MolluscaBase (2018). Spondylus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138518 on 2018-10-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-05-15 15:01:05Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofSpondylus (Rimaespondylus) Damarco, 2015) Damarco P. (2015). A new species of <i>Spondylus</i> from Indonesia. <em>Malacologia Mostra Mondiale.</em> 87: 6-14. [details]   

basis of record Lamprell, K.L. (1998). Recent Spondylus species from the Middle East and adjacent regions, with the description of two new species. <em>Vita Marina.</em> 45(1-2): 41-60., available online at http://www.strandvondsten.nl/bibliotheek/vita_marina_magazine/Vita_Marina_41-47/vita_marina_45-01-02.pdf#page=43 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

subsequent type designation Schmidt F.C. 1818, Versuch über die beste Einrichtung zur Aufstellung: Behandlung und Aufbewahrung der verschiedenen Naturkörper und gegenṣtände der Kunst, vorzüglich der Conchylien-Sammlungen, nebst kurzer Beurtheilung der conchyliologischen Systeme und Schriften und einer tabellarischen Zusammenstellung und Vergleichung der sechs besten und neuesten conchyliologischen Systeme. Gotha, J. Perth, 252 pp. , available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015061903053#view=1up;seq=15
page(s): 61 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Remark Type species: Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]
 



Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus cf. gaederopus
 Spondylus cf. gaede...
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus gaederopus
 Spondylus gaederopus
[image from typetaxon]

Spondylus gaederopus
 Spondylus gaederopus
[image from typetaxon]