basis of record Lamprell K.L. (1998). Recent Spondylus species from the Middle East and adjacent regions, with the description of two new species. Vita Marina 45(1-2): 41-60. [details]
additional source Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research.
Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.
(look up in IMIS) [details]