WoRMS taxon details

Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758)

137117  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137117)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

(ofDelphinus phocoena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Note "Ocean Europaeo Balthico"  
From editor or global species database
Type locality "Ocean Europaeo Balthico" [details]
Distribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2018). World Cetacea Database. Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137117 on 2018-02-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

original description  (ofDelphinus phocoena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gaskin, D. E., P. E. Arnold and B. A. Blair. (1974). Phocoena phocoena. Mammalian Species 42:1--8. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology Harbour porpoises live either solitarily or in groups, normally of three to five individuals, although sometimes more. Normally individual porpoises or couples (mother and calf) are observed and high numbers can be seen during migrations.
Like dolphins, the harbour porpoise orientates itself by means of echo-sounding or ‘sonar’. It has a particular way of swimming with a ‘rolling’ movement (imagine a turning wheel); part of the back, including the dorsal fin surfaces briefly before re-entering the water giving the appearance of a rotating motion. This movement will normally be repeated three to four times, prior to a long dive.


The diet of an adult harbour porpoise is made up of various pelagic and demersal fish, as well as invertebrates. In the Southern North Sea, it consists mainly of small benthic fish, herring, cephalopod, whiting and cod. A daily meal would normally consist of about 5 kilos fish (around 10% of the body [details]


Diet Variety of inshore and offshore fish, herring, mackerel, and anchovy. Krill when young. [details]

Holotype None in existence; name based on common porpoise of authors. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

IUCN Red List Category Subpopulation Baltic Sea harbour porpoise : Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: Dives without lifting tail. Blow not readily visible. Triangular dorsal fin. Spoon-shaped teeth. Blunt snout. Colour is grey above with white belly.  [details]

Morphology The head is blunt. Depending on the light, the back may appear black, grey or brown). The flanks are grey and the underside is white. The pectoral fins are black. A dark line runs from the corner of the mouth to the flipper. The more or less triangular small dorsal fin is positioned in the centre of the back. The upper back and dorsal fin are the only features one normally gets to see of a swimming harbour porpoise. The chief characteristics are its small size, the blunt head and the small triangular dorsal fin. [details]

Reproduction Calving: May to June in the North Atlantic. Weaning at six months. [details]

Type locality "Ocean Europaeo Balthico" [details]

From other sources
Dimensions Length: male 6' (1.9 m), female 6' (1.9 m), at birth 2 1/2' (0.7 m) [details]

Distribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Habitat inshore and offshore [details]

Habitat cool temperate and subpolar, mostly in shallow water [details]

Predators None [details]
 

LanguageName 
Aleut alagikkhaladak  [details]
Basque izurdia  [details]
Bulgarian Муткурmutkur  [details]
Catalan marsopa comuna  [details]
Czech svinucha pobrezní  [details]
Danish tumlermarsvin  [details]
Dutch zee-varktonynbruinvischbruinvis  [details]
English sea-pigsea-hogpuffy-dunterpuffing pigporpesspellocknisack (Shetlands)neesockhogfishherring hogharbour porpoiseharbor porpoisecommon porpoisebuckerbay porpoise  [details]
Faroese nise  [details]
French poursillephocene marsouinmarsouin communmarsouin  [details]
German SchweinswalMeerschweinkleiner TummlerBraunfisch  [details]
Icelandic hnisahandfiskarbruinskop  [details]
Irish muc mhara  [details]
Italian marsuinofocena  [details]
Japanese ネズミイルカnezumi iruka  [details]
Kalaallisut piglertok  [details]
Korean soe-dolgorae  [details]
Latin maris sus  [details]
Latvian jurascuka  [details]
Lithuanian paprastoji jūrų kiaulė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Φώκαινα  [details]
Norwegian tumlernisenesa, nise or nisamarsvün  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål nise  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk nise  [details]
Polish swinia morskamorświn zwyczajnymorświn (zwyczajny)morświn  [details]
Portuguese toninhaboto  [details]
Romanian focena  [details]
Russian svinkashutniksapunpyktunmorskaya svinyachuskaburtukazovskii delfin (Azov Sea)azovskii delfinazovka (Black and Azov Seas)azovka  [details]
Scottish Gaelic pellock  [details]
Slovenian pristaniška rjava pliskavka  [details]
Spanish puerco de marmarsopa de portenamarsopa de bahiamarsopa comúnmarsopa  [details]
Swedish tumlaretrumblarenisemarsvin  [details]
Turkish yunusmuturbayağı musur (balina)bayağı musur  [details]
Ukrainian Фоцена звичайнаМорська свиня  [details]
Welsh llamhidydd  [details]