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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 137117

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoenidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena G. Cuvier, 1816
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus (Phocaena) phocaena Gray, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus phocaena Muller, 1776 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus phocoena Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus ventricosus Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena americana J. A. Allen, 1869 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena brachcium Hall & Kelson, 1959 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena brachycium Cope, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena communis Lesson, 1827 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena lineata Cope, 1876 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena phocaena Kleinenberg, 1956 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena phocaena acuminata Van Deinse, 1935 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena phocaena acuminata var. conidens Van Deinse, 1946 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena tuberculifera Gray, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena vomerina Gill, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocena phocena Gray, 1821 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena rondeletti Giglioli, 1870 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena vomerina Hall & Kelson, 1959 (synonym)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 77 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoralagikkhChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoraladak  [details]
Basque Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorizurdia  [details]
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМуткурUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormutkur  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa comuna  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinucha pobrezní  [details]
Danish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvin  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorzee-varkChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortonynChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinvischChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinvis  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsea-pigChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsea-hogChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuffy-dunterChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuffing pigChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorporpessChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpellockChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornisack (Shetlands)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorneesockChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhogfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorherring hogChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorharbour porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorharbor porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbuckerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbay porpoise  [details]
Faroese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
French Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpoursilleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorphocene marsouinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsouin communUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsouin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchweinswalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeerschweinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkleiner TummlerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBraunfisch  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhnisaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhandfiskarChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinskop  [details]
Irish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormuc mhara  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsuinoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfocena  [details]
Japanese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornezumi iruka  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpiglertok  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsoe-dolgorae  [details]
Latin Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormaris sus  [details]
Latvian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorjurascuka  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastoji jūrų kiaulė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΦώκαινα  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorniseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornesa, nise or nisaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvün  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
Polish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorswinia morskaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorświn zwyczajnyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorświn (zwyczajny)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormorświn  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortoninhaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorboto  [details]
Romanian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorfocena  [details]
Russian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinkaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorshutnikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsapunChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpyktunChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormorskaya svinyaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchuskaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorburtukUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorazovskii delfin (Azov Sea)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorazovskii delfinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorazovka (Black and Azov Seas)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorazovka  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpellock  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpristaniška rjava pliskavka  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuerco de marChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa de portenaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa de bahiaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa comúnUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlareChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortrumblareChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorniseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvin  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryunusUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormuturUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı musur (balina)Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı musur  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorФоцена звичайнаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМорська свиня  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorllamhidydd  [details]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena phocoena relicta Abel, 1905
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena phocoena vomerina (Gill, 1865)
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Arctic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArctic Ocean [details]
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPolish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlankenberge [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBredene [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Panne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKnokke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKoksijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMiddelkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNieuwpoort [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWestende [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlack Sea [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBretagne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Kara Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKara Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDen Helder [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSenegalese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Pacific [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorElbe [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGoote Bank [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchelde estuary [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouthern Bight [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Host of  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinobacillus scotiae Foster, Ross, Patterson, Hutson & Collins, 1998 [via synonym] (unknown)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (37 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (85 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (606 nucleotides; 161 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Harbour porpoises live either solitarily or in groups, normally of three to five individuals, although sometimes more. Normally individual porpoises or couples (mother and calf) are observed and high numbers can be seen during migrations.
Like dolphins, the harbour porpoise orientates itself by means of echo-sounding or ‘sonar’. It has a particular way of swimming with a ‘rolling’ movement (imagine a turning wheel); part of the back, including the dorsal fin surfaces briefly before re-entering the water giving the appearance of a rotating motion. This movement will normally be repeated three to four times, prior to a long dive.


The diet of an adult harbour porpoise is made up of various pelagic and demersal fish, as well as invertebrates. In the Southern North Sea, it consists mainly of small benthic fish, herring, cephalopod, whiting and cod. A daily meal would normally consist of about 5 kilos fish (around 10% of the body [details]


Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Variety of inshore and offshore fish, herring, mackerel, and anchovy. Krill when young. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None in existence; name based on common porpoise of authors. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Subpopulation Baltic Sea harbour porpoise : Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: Dives without lifting tail. Blow not readily visible. Triangular dorsal fin. Spoon-shaped teeth. Blunt snout. Colour is grey above with white belly.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The head is blunt. Depending on the light, the back may appear black, grey or brown). The flanks are grey and the underside is white. The pectoral fins are black. A dark line runs from the corner of the mouth to the flipper. The more or less triangular small dorsal fin is positioned in the centre of the back. The upper back and dorsal fin are the only features one normally gets to see of a swimming harbour porpoise. The chief characteristics are its small size, the blunt head and the small triangular dorsal fin. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Calving: May to June in the North Atlantic. Weaning at six months. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Ocean Europaeo Balthico" [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 6' (1.9 m), female 6' (1.9 m), at birth 2 1/2' (0.7 m) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat inshore and offshore [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat cool temperate and subpolar, mostly in shallow water [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Bruinvissen
Bruinvissen
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 43)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 55)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 56)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
Phocoena phocoena
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137117
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137117 on 2014-08-02
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License