WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758)

137117  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137117)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus phocoena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote "Ocean Europaeo Balthico"  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Ocean Europaeo Balthico" [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
Perrin, W. (2008). Phocoena phocoena. In: Perrin, W.F. (2017). World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137117 on 2017-12-13

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 77 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus phocoena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gaskin, D. E., P. E. Arnold and B. A. Blair. (1974). Phocoena phocoena. Mammalian Species 42:1--8. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Harbour porpoises live either solitarily or in groups, normally of three to five individuals, although sometimes more. Normally individual porpoises or couples (mother and calf) are observed and high numbers can be seen during migrations.
Like dolphins, the harbour porpoise orientates itself by means of echo-sounding or ‘sonar’. It has a particular way of swimming with a ‘rolling’ movement (imagine a turning wheel); part of the back, including the dorsal fin surfaces briefly before re-entering the water giving the appearance of a rotating motion. This movement will normally be repeated three to four times, prior to a long dive.


The diet of an adult harbour porpoise is made up of various pelagic and demersal fish, as well as invertebrates. In the Southern North Sea, it consists mainly of small benthic fish, herring, cephalopod, whiting and cod. A daily meal would normally consist of about 5 kilos fish (around 10% of the body [details]


Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Variety of inshore and offshore fish, herring, mackerel, and anchovy. Krill when young. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None in existence; name based on common porpoise of authors. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Subpopulation Baltic Sea harbour porpoise : Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: Dives without lifting tail. Blow not readily visible. Triangular dorsal fin. Spoon-shaped teeth. Blunt snout. Colour is grey above with white belly.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The head is blunt. Depending on the light, the back may appear black, grey or brown). The flanks are grey and the underside is white. The pectoral fins are black. A dark line runs from the corner of the mouth to the flipper. The more or less triangular small dorsal fin is positioned in the centre of the back. The upper back and dorsal fin are the only features one normally gets to see of a swimming harbour porpoise. The chief characteristics are its small size, the blunt head and the small triangular dorsal fin. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Calving: May to June in the North Atlantic. Weaning at six months. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Ocean Europaeo Balthico" [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 6' (1.9 m), female 6' (1.9 m), at birth 2 1/2' (0.7 m) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat inshore and offshore [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat cool temperate and subpolar, mostly in shallow water [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]
 

LanguageName 
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoralagikkhChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoraladak  [details]
Basque Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorizurdia  [details]
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМуткурUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormutkur  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa comuna  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinucha pobrezní  [details]
Danish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvin  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorzee-varkChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortonynChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinvischChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinvis  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsea-pigChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsea-hogChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuffy-dunterChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuffing pigChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorporpessChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpellockChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornisack (Shetlands)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorneesockChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhogfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorherring hogChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorharbour porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorharbor porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbuckerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbay porpoise  [details]
Faroese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
French Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpoursilleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorphocene marsouinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsouin communUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsouin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchweinswalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeerschweinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkleiner TummlerChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBraunfisch  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhnisaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhandfiskarChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbruinskop  [details]
Irish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormuc mhara  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsuinoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfocena  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorネズミイルカChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornezumi iruka  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpiglertok  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsoe-dolgorae  [details]
Latin Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormaris sus  [details]
Latvian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorjurascuka  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastoji jūrų kiaulė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΦώκαινα  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorniseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornesa, nise or nisaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvün  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornise  [details]
Polish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorswinia morskaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorświn zwyczajnyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorświn (zwyczajny)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormorświn  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortoninhaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorboto  [details]
Romanian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorfocena  [details]
Russian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinkaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorshutnikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsapunChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpyktunChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormorskaya svinyaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchuskaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorburtukUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorazovskii delfin (Azov Sea)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorazovskii delfinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorazovka (Black and Azov Seas)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorazovka  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpellock  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpristaniška rjava pliskavka  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuerco de marChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa de portenaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa de bahiaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa comúnUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarsopa  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortumlareChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortrumblareChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorniseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvin  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryunusUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormuturUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı musur (balina)Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı musur  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorФоцена звичайнаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМорська свиня  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorllamhidydd  [details]