WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758

137084  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137084)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758· accepted, alternate representation
marine, brackish, fresh
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]
Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2010). Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137084 on 2017-12-15

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-05-20 10:05:06Z
changed
2010-05-20 10:09:49Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Waring, G.T., J.M. Quintal and C.P. Fairfield (eds.). 2002. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal dtock assessments, 2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS- NE- 169. 318 p. [details]   

additional source Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammal species of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press., available online at http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/msw/ [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758) Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Harbour seals are good swimmers. The pinipeds serve as rudder. The body and back pinnipeds cause propulsion. The seal is highly adapted to speed with its torpedo-like body and pinna. Observations made from ships revealed that they generally swim just 10 m beneath the water surface and that only rarely will they hunt under –20 m.

Young harbour seals are born on tide-sandbanks between the end of June and mid July, and are required, almost immediately (during high-tide) to be able to swim.


In general, harbour seals feed on benthic fish (such as flounder, sole, cod and whiting), but they must largely be quite opportunistic in regard to what they eat. They may also feed on mussels, crabs and cephalopods. [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Fish, crustaceans, squid [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 170 cm (5'6"); Weight: 155kg (250 lb) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nearshore waters of the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining seas above about 30 degrees latitude [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat temperate to polar [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance They are considered pests to most fishing practices, especially herring weirs and Atlantic Salmon aquaculture sites. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing Characteristics: small in size in relation to seals, dog-like face, v-shaped nostrils, colour varies from white to tan to dark brown to red (molttled):  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Harbour seals can reach up to 1.6 m in length and weigh about 120 kilos. Their colour varies from grey to brown with black marks. A characteristic feature is their V-shaped nostrils. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Pupping: May-June on rocky ledges. Precocious, swimming shortly after birth; Weaning: ~ 1 month [details]
 

LanguageName 
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorОбикновен тюленUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorobiknoven tyulen  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspættet sæl  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone zeehond  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorharbour sealUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon sealChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic harbor seal [from synonym]  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorphoque veau-marinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorphoque veau marin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeehund  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca comune  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorゼニガタアザラシ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastasis ruonis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΦώκια των λιμανιών  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinkobbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfjordsel  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinkobbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfjordsel  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoka pospolita  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorтюлень  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornavadni tjulenj  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca moteadaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorknubbsäl  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorliman fokuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorliman focuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı fok  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorТюлень звичайнийUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайний тюлень  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorlo cyffredin  [details]