WoRMS taxon details

Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758

137084  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137084)

accepted
Species
Phoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758· accepted, alternate representation
marine, brackish, fresh
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   
Distribution North America  
Distribution North America [details]
WoRMS (2018). Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137084 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-05-20 10:05:06Z
changed
2010-05-20 10:09:49Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Waring, G.T., J.M. Quintal and C.P. Fairfield (eds.). 2002. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal dtock assessments, 2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS- NE- 169. 318 p. [details]   

additional source Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 1993. Mammal species of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press., available online at http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/msw/ [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758) Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology Harbour seals are good swimmers. The pinipeds serve as rudder. The body and back pinnipeds cause propulsion. The seal is highly adapted to speed with its torpedo-like body and pinna. Observations made from ships revealed that they generally swim just 10 m beneath the water surface and that only rarely will they hunt under –20 m.

Young harbour seals are born on tide-sandbanks between the end of June and mid July, and are required, almost immediately (during high-tide) to be able to swim.


In general, harbour seals feed on benthic fish (such as flounder, sole, cod and whiting), but they must largely be quite opportunistic in regard to what they eat. They may also feed on mussels, crabs and cephalopods. [details]


Diet Fish, crustaceans, squid [details]

Dimensions Length: 170 cm (5'6"); Weight: 155kg (250 lb) [details]

Distribution North America [details]

Habitat nearshore waters of the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining seas above about 30 degrees latitude [details]

Habitat temperate to polar [details]

Importance They are considered pests to most fishing practices, especially herring weirs and Atlantic Salmon aquaculture sites. [details]

Morphology Distinguishing Characteristics: small in size in relation to seals, dog-like face, v-shaped nostrils, colour varies from white to tan to dark brown to red (molttled):  [details]

Morphology Harbour seals can reach up to 1.6 m in length and weigh about 120 kilos. Their colour varies from grey to brown with black marks. A characteristic feature is their V-shaped nostrils. [details]

Reproduction Pupping: May-June on rocky ledges. Precocious, swimming shortly after birth; Weaning: ~ 1 month [details]
 

LanguageName 
Bulgarian Обикновен тюленobiknoven tyulen  [details]
Danish spættet sæl  [details]
Dutch gewone zeehond  [details]
English harbour sealcommon sealAtlantic harbor seal [from synonym]  [details]
French phoque veau-marinphoque veau marin  [details]
German Seehund  [details]
Italian foca comune  [details]
Japanese ゼニガタアザラシ  [details]
Lithuanian paprastasis ruonis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Φώκια των λιμανιών  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål steinkobbefjordsel  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk steinkobbefjordsel  [details]
Polish foka pospolita  [details]
Russian тюлень  [details]
Slovenian navadni tjulenj  [details]
Spanish foca moteadafoca común  [details]
Swedish knubbsäl  [details]
Turkish liman fokuliman focubayağı fok  [details]
Ukrainian Тюлень звичайнийЗвичайний тюлень  [details]
Welsh morlo cyffredin  [details]