WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 137084

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarnivora (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPinnipedia (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca Linnaeus, 1758
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 38 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorОбикновен тюленUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorobiknoven tyulen  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspættet sæl  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgewone zeehond  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorharbour sealUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon seal  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorphoque veau-marinUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorphoque veau marin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeehund  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca comune  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastasis ruonis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΦώκια των λιμανιών  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinkobbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfjordsel  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsteinkobbeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfjordsel  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoka pospolita  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorтюлень  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornavadni tjulenj  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca moteadaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfoca común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorknubbsäl  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorliman fokuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorliman focuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbayağı fok  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorТюлень звичайнийUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайний тюлень  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorlo cyffredin  [details]
Direct child
taxa (5)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina mellonae Doutt, 1942
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina richardii Gray, 1864
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina vitulina Linnaeus, 1758

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina concolor De Kay, 1842 (unaccepted)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoca vitulina stejnegeri J.A. Allen, 1902 (unaccepted)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh
Distribution 
From other sources
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPolish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlankenberge [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBredene [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKnokke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKoksijde [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMiddelkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNieuwpoort [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWestende [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Coast of France [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelta area [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBay of the Wash [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFlemish Banks [details]
Wadden Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWadden Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorthern Hemisphere [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (8 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (1137 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (657 nucleotides; 189 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBiology Harbour seals are good swimmers. The pinipeds serve as rudder. The body and back pinnipeds cause propulsion. The seal is highly adapted to speed with its torpedo-like body and pinna. Observations made from ships revealed that they generally swim just 10 m beneath the water surface and that only rarely will they hunt under –20 m.

Young harbour seals are born on tide-sandbanks between the end of June and mid July, and are required, almost immediately (during high-tide) to be able to swim.


In general, harbour seals feed on benthic fish (such as flounder, sole, cod and whiting), but they must largely be quite opportunistic in regard to what they eat. They may also feed on mussels, crabs and cephalopods. [details]


Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Fish, crustaceans, squid [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 170 cm (5'6"); Weight: 155kg (250 lb) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nearshore waters of the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining seas above about 30 degrees latitude [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat temperate to polar [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance They are considered pests to most fishing practices, especially herring weirs and Atlantic Salmon aquaculture sites. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing Characteristics: small in size in relation to seals, dog-like face, v-shaped nostrils, colour varies from white to tan to dark brown to red (molttled):  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Harbour seals can reach up to 1.6 m in length and weigh about 120 kilos. Their colour varies from grey to brown with black marks. A characteristic feature is their V-shaped nostrils. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Pupping: May-June on rocky ledges. Precocious, swimming shortly after birth; Weaning: ~ 1 month [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137084
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2010-05-20 10:05:06Z  changed  Churchill, Morgan
2010-05-20 10:09:49Z  checked  Berta, Annalisa
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137084 on 2014-09-21
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License