WoRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834

135093  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135093)

accepted
Genus
Madrepora dianthus Esper, 1794 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Desmophyllum affine Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum alabastrum Alcock, 1902 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880) (Synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum antarcticum Gravier, 1914 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914)
Species Desmophyllum antiquatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum cailleti Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum capense Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum clavatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum compressum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum costatum Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum crassum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum cristagalli Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (Synonym)
Species Desmophyllum cumingii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum cylindraceum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum delicatum Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum eburneum Moseley, 1881 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum edwardsianum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum ehrenbergianum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum elegans † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum fungiaeforme Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum galapagense Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum gasti Döderlein, 1913 accepted as Thalamophyllia gasti (Döderlein, 1913)
Species Desmophyllum gracile Studer, 1878 accepted as Monomyces rubrum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Desmophyllum gracile Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum incertum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Oxysmilia rotundifolia (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)
Species Desmophyllum ingens Moseley, 1880 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum joannense Dennant, 1902 †
Species Desmophyllum lamprotichum Moseley, 1880 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880)
Species Desmophyllum maximum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum miocenicum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum multicostatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum nobile Verrill, 1885 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum orbiculare Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum pedunculatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Desmophyllum pseudoseptata Eguchi, 1965 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914)
Species Desmophyllum quinarium Tenison-Woods, 1879
Species Desmophyllum reflexum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum riisei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum semicostatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum serpuliforme Gravier, 1915 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum simplex Verrill, 1870 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum solidum Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum stellaria Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) europaea (Risso, 1826)
Species Desmophyllum striatum Cairns, 1979
Species Desmophyllum sulcatum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Desmophyllum tenuescens Gardiner, 1899 accepted as Thalamophyllia tenuescens (Gardiner, 1899)
Species Desmophyllum vitreum Alcock, 1898 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (Synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum zancleum Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
marine
recent + fossil
Not documented
Depth range 8-2460 m  
Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent  
Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135093 on 2018-08-15
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-31 06:57:06Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-08-09 23:59:51Z
changed
2010-09-13 23:22:01Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., A. F. Budd, B. Lathuiliere, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski, and K. G. Johnson, 2010. Corallosphere, available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 125: 1-235. [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1995. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). N. Z. Oceanographic Mem, 103: 210 pp. [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1994. Scleractinia of the Temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557:150 pp., 42 plates, 3 figs.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofLophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source  (ofLophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., A. F. Budd, B. Lathuiliere, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski, and K. G. Johnson, 2010. Corallosphere, available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

redescription  (ofLophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 125: 1-235. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Addamo, A. M.; Vertino, A.; Stolarski, J.; García-Jiménez, R.; Taviani, M.; Machordom, A. (2016). Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0654-8 [details]   

basis of record  (ofThalassiotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1861) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Lophelia reefs are common at several locations in the Trondheimsfjord, as shallow as 39m.
 Lophelia reefs are ...
[image from synonym]

A field of living and dead Lophelia and Madrepora
 A field of living a...
[image from synonym]