WoRMS taxon details

Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834

135093  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135093)

accepted
Genus
Madrepora dianthus Esper, 1794 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum pertusum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Desmophyllum quinarium Tenison-Woods, 1879
Species Desmophyllum striatum Cairns, 1979

Species Desmophyllum alabastrum Alcock, 1902 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880) (Synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum antarcticum Gravier, 1914 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Desmophyllum cailleti Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum capense Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum costatum Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum cristagalli Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (Synonym)
Species Desmophyllum cumingi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (synonymy, wrong spelling)
Species Desmophyllum cumingii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum delicatum Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum eburneum Moseley, 1880 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum galapagense Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum gasti Döderlein, 1913 accepted as Thalamophyllia gasti (Döderlein, 1913)
Species Desmophyllum gracile Studer, 1878 accepted as Monomyces rubrum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Desmophyllum incertum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Oxysmilia rotundifolia (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)
Species Desmophyllum ingens Moseley, 1880 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum insigne (Duncan, 1876) accepted as Javania insignis Duncan, 1876 (changed combination, wrong spelling)
Species Desmophyllum insignis (Duncan, 1876) accepted as Javania insignis Duncan, 1876 (basionym, changed combination)
Species Desmophyllum lamprotichum Moseley, 1880 accepted as Javania lamprotichum (Moseley, 1880)
Species Desmophyllum nobile Verrill, 1885 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum pseudoseptata Eguchi, 1965 accepted as Javania antarctica (Gravier, 1914)
Species Desmophyllum reflexum Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum riisei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum serpuliforme Gravier, 1915 accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794)
Species Desmophyllum simplex Verrill, 1870 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum solidum Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
Species Desmophyllum stellaria Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) europaea (Risso, 1826) (synonymy)
Species Desmophyllum tenuescens Gardiner, 1899 accepted as Thalamophyllia tenuescens (Gardiner, 1899)
Species Desmophyllum vitreum Alcock, 1898 accepted as Javania cailleti (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (Synonymy)
marine
recent + fossil
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   
Depth range 8-2460 m  
Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent  
Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135093 on 2020-08-10
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-31 06:57:06Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-08-09 23:59:51Z
changed
2010-09-13 23:22:01Z
changed
2019-10-08 20:42:32Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (of Lophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a aux groups naturels des zoanthaires perforés es des zoanthaires tabulés. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences 29: 257-263. [details]   

original description  (of Scolangia Tenison-Woods, 1880 †) Tenison Woods, J. E. (1880). Palaeontology of New Zealand. Part IV. Corals and Bryozoa of the Neozoic Period in New Zealand. <em>G. Didsbury, Government Printer, Wellington.</em> xvi + 34 pp., 3 pls. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]., available online at http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., A. F. Budd, B. Lathuiliere, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski, and K. G. Johnson, 2010. Corallosphere, available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1995. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). N. Z. Oceanographic Mem, 103: 210 pp. [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 125: 1-235. [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1994. Scleractinia of the Temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557:150 pp., 42 plates, 3 figs.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 8-2460 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Cretaceous to Recent [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
Lophelia reefs are common at several locations in the Trondheimsfjord, as shallow as 39m.
 Lophelia reefs are ...
[image from synonym]

A field of living and dead Lophelia and Madrepora
 A field of living a...
[image from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 027293)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]