WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocirrus frontifilis (Grube, 1860)

129739  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129739)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocirrus frontifilis Grube, 1860 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, A.E. (1860). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Fünfter Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 26 (1): 71-118, plates III-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7153453#page/79/mode/1up
page(s): 89-90, plate IV fig. 1; note: as Heterocirrus frontifilis [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocirrus frontifilis Grube, 1860) Grube, A.E. (1860). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Fünfter Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 26 (1): 71-118, plates III-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7153453#page/79/mode/1up [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  ZMB 4519-Q, locality Croatia (Adriatic Sea,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype ZMB 4519-Q, locality Croatia (Adriatic Sea, Croatia, near Cres (= Cherso) (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. 44.958º, long. 14.408º); on stones, among Melobesia at about 2 fathoms (about 4 m)) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Adriatic Sea, Croatia, near Cres (= Cherso)...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Adriatic Sea, Croatia, near Cres (= Cherso) (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with a gazetteer to be approximately lat. 44.958º, long. 14.408º), on stones, among Melobesia at about 2 fathoms depth (about 4 m).
 [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType material According to Banse (1969: 2600) "The holotype, which had been deposited in the ZMB, was destroyed during the Second World War (Dr G. Hartwich, Humboldt-University, Berlin, personal communication)." The loss of the holotype was also directly confirmed by Hartwich (1993: 100).  [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Type material found at about 4 m depth. Other...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Type material found at about 4 m depth. Other records refer 1-124 m.
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Mediterranean Sea; Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea;...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Mediterranean Sea; Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Atlantic Ocean off Morocco; northern Arabian Sea; Gulf of Mexico.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet frontifilis...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet frontifilis is composed by the Latin noun fronti, dative singular of frons and meaning 'forehead' or 'front', and the Latin noun filis, plural of filum and meaning 'thread', 'string' or 'filament', and presumably refers to the presence of filiform appendages (tentacles and branchiae) only in the anterior region of the body of the species.  [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Acrocirrus frontifilis (Grube, 1860). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129739 on 2017-12-17

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

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original description Grube, A.E. (1860). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Fünfter Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 26 (1): 71-118, plates III-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7153453#page/79/mode/1up
page(s): 89-90, plate IV fig. 1; note: as Heterocirrus frontifilis [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocirrus frontifilis Grube, 1860) Grube, A.E. (1860). Beschreibung neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Fünfter Beitrag. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 26 (1): 71-118, plates III-V., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7153453#page/79/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Grube, A.E. (1861). Ein Ausflug nach Triest und dem Quarnero. Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Thierwelt dieses Gebietes. Nicolaische Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin. 175 pp. 5 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31150#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 145, plate IV fig. 1; note: as Heterocirrus frontifilis [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

redescription Banse, K. (1969). Acrocirridae n.fam. (Polychaeta Sedentaria). Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 26(10): 2595-2620., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f69-253
page(s): 2600-2602, figs. 1a, 2 [details]   

new combination reference Grube, A.E. (1873). Die Familie der Cirratuliden. Jahres-Bericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Cultur, Breslau. 50: 59-66., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118505#page/77/mode/1up
page(s): 65; note: as Acrocirrus frontifilis [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocirrus frontifilis Grube, 1860) Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris. 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype ZMB 4519-Q, locality Croatia (Adriatic Sea, Croatia, near Cres (= Cherso) (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be approximately lat. 44.958º, long. 14.408º); on stones, among Melobesia at about 2 fathoms (about 4 m)) [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Type material found at about 4 m depth. Other records refer 1-124 m.
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Mediterranean Sea; Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Atlantic Ocean off Morocco; northern Arabian Sea; Gulf of Mexico.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated. The specific epithet frontifilis is composed by the Latin noun fronti, dative singular of frons and meaning 'forehead' or 'front', and the Latin noun filis, plural of filum and meaning 'thread', 'string' or 'filament', and presumably refers to the presence of filiform appendages (tentacles and branchiae) only in the anterior region of the body of the species.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Type material found on stones, among Melobesia, at about 2 fathoms depth (about 4 m; see Grube, 1861: 77; Banse, 1969: 2600). Other records refer sand, stones, rocks, or calcareous algae, between 1-124 meters.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Adriatic Sea, Croatia, near Cres (= Cherso) (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with a gazetteer to be approximately lat. 44.958º, long. 14.408º), on stones, among Melobesia at about 2 fathoms depth (about 4 m).
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType material According to Banse (1969: 2600) "The holotype, which had been deposited in the ZMB, was destroyed during the Second World War (Dr G. Hartwich, Humboldt-University, Berlin, personal communication)." The loss of the holotype was also directly confirmed by Hartwich (1993: 100).  [details]