WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus Lamarck, 1818

129243

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129243

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchidice Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrhatula [auct. lapsus] (misspelling variant for Cirratulus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrhatulus [auct. lapsus] (misspelling variant for Cirratulus)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPromenia Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus abranchiatus Hansen, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus abyssorum Hansen, 1878
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus africanus Gravier, 1906
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus annamensis Gallardo, 1968
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus assimilis McIntosh, 1885
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus australis Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus balaenophilus Taboada, Doner, Blake & Avila, 2012
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus blainvillei Grube, 1855
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus branchioculatus Chlebovitsch, 1959
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus caudatus Levinsen, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cingulatus Johnson, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus concinnus Ehlers, 1908
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus dillonensis Blake, 1996
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus elongatus Treadwell, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus exuberans Chamberlin, 1919
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus fuscescens Johnston, 1825
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus gilchristi Day, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus glandularis (Langerhans, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus grandis
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus hedgpethi Hartman, 1951
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus incertus McIntosh, 1916
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus indicus Day, 1973
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus longicephalus Imajima, 1964
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus medusa Johnston, 1833
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus megalus Chamberlin, 1919
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus miniatus Schmarda, 1861
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus multioculatus (Hartman, 1961)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus obscurus Quatrefages, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus pallidus Grube, 1872
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus parafiliformis Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1989
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus parvus Moore, 1906
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus patagonicus (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus revillagigedoensis Rioja, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus robustus Johnson, 1901
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus serratus Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus sinincolens Chamberlin, 1919
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus spectabilis (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tumbesiensis Carrasco, 1977
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus wladislavi Buzhinskaja, 1985
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus zebuensis McIntosh, 1885

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus flavescens Grube, 1872 (taxon inquirendum, unreplaced junior primary homonym to Cirratulus flavescens Johnston, 1825)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus longisetis Möbius, 1874 (taxon inquirendum, possibly a Chaetozone)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus norvegicus [sensu McIntosh, 1911] (nomen dubium, recombined & alternate spelling usage of Audouinia norwegica)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus (Audouinia) (Quatrefages, 1865) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia Hartman, 1936 (superseded alternate representation of replaced homonym)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus (Audouinia) capillaris Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus (Audouinia) websteri Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (subjective synonym)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus (Cirrinereis) [auct. lapsus] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrhineris Blainville, 1828 (variant spelling of Cirrhineris as subgenus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus (Cirrinereis) nuchalis Ehlers, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtocirrineris nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus afer Ehlers, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia afer (Ehlers, 1908) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus anchylochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus antarcticus Monro, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete antarcticus (Monro, 1930) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus atrocollaris Grube, 1877 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus australis Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus australis Stimpson, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus bioculatus Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaulleriella bioculata (Keferstein, 1862) (synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus borealis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776) (unnecessary replacement name)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus branchiatus Treadwell, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia chefooensis (Grube, 1877) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus chefocensis Grube, 1877 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia chefooensis (Grube, 1877) (superseded original combination, misspelling for 'chefooensis')
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus chiajei Marenzeller, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus chrysoderma Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtocirrineris chrysoderma (Claparède, 1868) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cincinnatus Bobretzky, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus comosus Marenzeller, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus complanatus Willey, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete dasylophius (Marenzeller, 1879) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cylindricus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete anchylochaeta (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus danielseni Hansen, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia melanacantha (Grube, 1872) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus dasylophius accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete dasylophius (Marenzeller, 1879) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus dollfusi Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFauvelicirratulus dollfusi (Fauvel, 1928) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus dorsobranchialis Kirkegaard, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKirkegaardia dorsobranchialis (Kirkegaard, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus filicornis Grube, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus filiformis Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus flavescens Johnston, 1825 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus fragilis Leidy, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaulleriella fragilis (Leidy, 1855) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus fuscus (Grube, 1873) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrineris (Protocirrineris) fusca Grube, 1873 (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus gibbosus Moore, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete gibbosa (Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus inhamatus Treadwell, 1937 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTharyx multifilis Moore, 1909 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphelochaeta multifilis (Moore, 1909) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus lamarckii Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1834 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus luxuriosus Moore, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete luxuriosa (Moore, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus mcintoshi Southern, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTharyx mcintoshi (Southern, 1914) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus melanacanthus Grube, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia melanacantha (Grube, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus multicirratus Treadwell, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus niger Hartman, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus nigromaculatus Treadwell, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia punctata (Grube, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete punctata (Grube, 1859) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtocirrineris nuchalis (Ehlers, 1907) (superseded alternate representation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus pallidus Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus polytrichus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete polytricha (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus semicincta Ehlers, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia semicincta (Ehlers, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus spirabranchus Moore, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia spirabranchia (Moore, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tenuis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus grandis (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tenuis Webster, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia capillaris (Verrill, 1900) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tenuisetis Grube, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtocirrineris tenuisetis (Grube, 1860) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tesselatus McIntosh, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus tortugaensis Augener, 1922 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirriformia tortugaensis (Augener, 1922) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus viridis Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaulleriella viridis (Langerhans, 1881) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 303 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in Fauchald, 1977:29. Lamarck appears to rename Lumbricus cirratus [he credits Fabricius's Fauna Groenland with the authorship] as Cirratulus borealis, but this is not valid unless Müller's species name required replacing. C. borealis Lamarck, 1818 is an unnecessary replacement name and thus an objective synonym of Cirratulus cirratus.

As a side issue if Lamarck's specimens could be relocated this matter of C. borealis sensu Lamarck may need revisting. A note in Blake 1996:347 indicates Mary Petersen had determined “C. borealis Lamarck 1818 is distinct from Lumbricus cirratus …”, and earlier Petersen (1991:abstract only) had stated that "Cirratulus borealis Lamarck is considered distinct; it differs from C. cirratus (0. F. Muller) in having two branchiae per segment throughout rather than just anterior." However, it is unknown what relevant material was used for this observation. It would need to be associated with Lamarck, but there is no 'borealis' type at the MNHN according to Solis-Weiss et al's (2004) catalogue [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in Fauchald, 1977:29. Lamarck appears to rename Lumbricus cirratus [he credits Fabricius's Fauna Groenland with the authorship] as Cirratulus borealis, but this is not valid unless Müller's species name required replacing. C. borealis Lamarck, 1818 is an unnecessary replacement name and thus an objective synonym of Cirratulus cirratus.

As a side issue if Lamarck's specimens could be relocated this matter of C. borealis sensu Lamarck may need revisting. A note in Blake 1996:347 indicates Mary Petersen had determined “C. borealis Lamarck 1818 is distinct from Lumbricus cirratus …”, and earlier Petersen (1991:abstract only) had stated that "Cirratulus borealis Lamarck is considered distinct; it differs from C. cirratus (0. F. Muller) in having two branchiae per segment throughout rather than just anterior." However, it is unknown what relevant material was used for this observation. It would need to be associated with Lamarck, but there is no 'borealis' type at the MNHN according to Solis-Weiss et al's (2004) catalogue [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2014). Cirratulus. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129243 on 2017-11-19

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-07-20 22:26:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 303 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPromenia Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 254 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchidice Kinberg, 1866) Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865 [1866?]. Annulata Nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(4): 239-258., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/253/mode/1up
page(s): 255 [details]   

taxonomy source Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Cirratulidae Ryckholdt, 1851. Including a revision of the genera and species from the eastern North Pacific. pages 263-384. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara
page(s): 347 [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrhatula [auct. lapsus]) Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. 1833. Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, sér. 1, 29: 388-412., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6044961
page(s): 412 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrhatulus [auct. lapsus]) Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. 1833. Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, sér. 1, 29: 388-412., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6044961
page(s): 410 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPromenia Kinberg, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 410 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchidice Kinberg, 1866) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
page(s): 400 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date Hartman's catalogue (1959:402) incorrectly dated Cirratulus as in Lamarck 1801 because she linked the wrong Lamarck work to a subsequent usage in Audouin & Milne Edwards (1833:407). Blake (1996:347) correctly dates Cirratulus as Lamarck, 1818. Lamarck (1801) has no cirratulids. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Lumbricus cirratus O. F. Müller 1776 as in Fauchald, 1977:29. Lamarck appears to rename Lumbricus cirratus [he credits Fabricius's Fauna Groenland with the authorship] as Cirratulus borealis, but this is not valid unless Müller's species name required replacing. C. borealis Lamarck, 1818 is an unnecessary replacement name and thus an objective synonym of Cirratulus cirratus.

As a side issue if Lamarck's specimens could be relocated this matter of C. borealis sensu Lamarck may need revisting. A note in Blake 1996:347 indicates Mary Petersen had determined “C. borealis Lamarck 1818 is distinct from Lumbricus cirratus …”, and earlier Petersen (1991:abstract only) had stated that "Cirratulus borealis Lamarck is considered distinct; it differs from C. cirratus (0. F. Muller) in having two branchiae per segment throughout rather than just anterior." However, it is unknown what relevant material was used for this observation. It would need to be associated with Lamarck, but there is no 'borealis' type at the MNHN according to Solis-Weiss et al's (2004) catalogue [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]