WoRMS taxon details

Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758

129194  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129194)

accepted
Genus
Aphrodite [auctt.] (variant spelling)
Aphroditella Roule, 1898 (junior unreplaced homonym, also a subjective synonym)
Eruca Ruysch, 1721 (pre-Linnaean name, a homonym if used later)
Halithea Lamarck, 1818 (objective synonym)
Milnesia Quatrefages, 1866 (junior subjective synonym fide Pettibone (1966))
Vermis Claparède, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita abyssalis Kirkegaard, 1995
Species Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1758
Species Aphrodita acuminata Ehlers, 1887
Species Aphrodita alta Kinberg, 1856
Species Aphrodita aphroditoides (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Aphrodita armifera Moore, 1910
Species Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865
Species Aphrodita bamarookis Hutchings & McRae, 1993
Species Aphrodita bisetosa Rozbaczylo & Canahuire, 2000
Species Aphrodita brevitentaculata Essenberg, 1917
Species Aphrodita daiyumaruae Imajima, 2005
Species Aphrodita decipiens (Horst, 1916)
Species Aphrodita defendens Chamberlin, 1919
Species Aphrodita diplops Fauchald, 1977
Species Aphrodita falcifera Hartman, 1939
Species Aphrodita floresiana (Horst, 1916)
Species Aphrodita goolmarris Hutchings & McRae, 1993
Species Aphrodita hastata Moore, 1905
Species Aphrodita japonica Marenzeller, 1879
Species Aphrodita kulmaris Hutchings & McRae, 1993
Species Aphrodita limosa (Horst, 1916)
Species Aphrodita longicornis Kinberg, 1856
Species Aphrodita longipalpa Essenberg, 1917
Species Aphrodita macroculata Imajima, 2001
Species Aphrodita magellanica Malard, 1891
Species Aphrodita malayana (Horst, 1916)
Species Aphrodita malkaris Hutchings & McRae, 1993
Species Aphrodita maorica Benham, 1900
Species Aphrodita marombis Hutchings & McRae, 1993
Species Aphrodita mexicana Kudenov, 1975
Species Aphrodita negligens Moore, 1905
Species Aphrodita nipponensis Imajima, 2003
Species Aphrodita obtecta Ehlers, 1887
Species Aphrodita parva Moore, 1905
Species Aphrodita perarmata Roule, 1898
Species Aphrodita refulgida Moore, 1910
Species Aphrodita rossi Knox & Cameron, 1998
Species Aphrodita sibogae (Horst, 1916)
Species Aphrodita sondaica Grube, 1875
Species Aphrodita sonorae Kudenov, 1975
Species Aphrodita talpa Quatrefages, 1866
Species Aphrodita terraereginae Haswell, 1883
Species Aphrodita tosaensis Imajima, 2001
Species Aphrodita watasei Izuka, 1912

Species Aphrodita annulata Pennant, 1777 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Aphrodita clavigera Freminville, 1812 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Aphrodita echidna Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Aphrodita heptakera Otto, 1821 (taxon inquirendum, not subsequently used?)
Species Aphrodita hirta Otto, 1821 (taxon inquirendum, not subsequently used?)
Species Aphrodita modesta Quatrefages, 1866 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Aphrodita scolopendra Bruguière, 1789 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Aphrodita elliptica Johnston, 1865 (nomen nudum, not valid under ICZN Article 11.6.2 )
Species Aphrodita subrotunda Johnston, 1865 (nomen nudum, the name is not valid under ICZN Article 11.6.2)

Subgenus Aphrodita (Amphitus) Castelnau, 1842 accepted as Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758 (disused subgenus)
  » Species Aphrodita (Amphitus) audouini Castelnau, 1842 (taxon inquirendum, not subsequently used?)
Subgenus Aphrodita (Cyanippa) Castelnau, 1842 accepted as Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758 (disused subgenus)
  » Species Aphrodita (Cyanippa) sericea Castelnau, 1842 (taxon inquirendum, not subsequently used?)
Species Aphrodita arcta Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Sthenelais limicola (Ehlers, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita armadillo Bosc, 1802 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita borealis Johnston, 1840 accepted as Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita californica Essenberg, 1917 accepted as Aphrodita castanea Moore, 1910 accepted as Aphrodita negligens Moore, 1905
Species Aphrodita carunculata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (basionym)
Species Aphrodita castanea Moore, 1910 accepted as Aphrodita negligens Moore, 1905 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita centenes Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita cirrata Müller, 1776 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita cirrhosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (basionym)
Species Aphrodita cirrosa Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Alentia gelatinosa (M. Sars, 1835) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita clava Montagu, 1808 accepted as Lepidonotus clava (Montagu, 1808) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita complanata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita cryptommata Essenberg, 1917 accepted as Aphrodita japonica Marenzeller, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita echinus Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Pontogenia chrysocoma (Baird, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita filamentosa Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766)
Species Aphrodita flava Pallas, 1766 accepted as Chloeia flava (Pallas, 1766) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita haswelli Johnston, 1908 accepted as Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita hoptakero [auct. misspelling for heptakera] accepted as Aphrodita heptakera Otto, 1821 (misspelling)
Species Aphrodita hystrix (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Halithea hystrix Lamarck, 1818 (superseded recombination)
Species Aphrodita imbricata Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita intermedia McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Heteraphrodita intermedia (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita leioseta Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Aphrodita japonica Marenzeller, 1879 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita lepidota Pallas, 1766 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita longa O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Pholoe longa (O.F. Müller, 1776) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita longirostra Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita magna Treadwell, 1925 accepted as Aphrodita longicornis Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita mathei [auct. informal name] accepted as Hermione mathei Quatrefages, 1866 (unpublished Paris museum collection name)
Species Aphrodita mediterranea Costa, 1857 accepted as Laetmonice hystrix (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita minuta Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Pholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) (basionym)
Species Aphrodita nitens Johnston, 1865 accepted as Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita paleacea Peters, 1864 accepted as Aphrodita australis Baird, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita pedunculata Pennant, 1777 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita plana Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita punctata Müller, 1771 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita punctata Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita raripapillata Essenberg, 1917 accepted as Aphrodita armifera Moore, 1910 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Amphinome rostrata (Pallas, 1766) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita roulei Horst, 1917 accepted as Aphrodita perarmata Roule, 1898
Species Aphrodita scabra Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita solitaria Essenberg, 1917 accepted as Aphrodita refulgida Moore, 1910 (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita squamata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Lepidonotus squamatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basionym)
Species Aphrodita squamosa Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Euphione squamosa (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Aphrodita varians Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita velox Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Scalisetosus communis (Delle Chiaje, 1851) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita violacea Strøm, 1768 accepted as Harmothoe imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767) (subjective synonym)
Species Aphrodita viridis Montagu, 1813 accepted as Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 655 [details]   
Note Type species A. aculeata Linnaeus 1761 in...  
Type species Type species A. aculeata Linnaeus 1761 in Fauchald, 1977 <246>. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129194 on 2018-05-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 655 [details]   

original description  (ofAphroditella Roule, 1898) Roule, Louis. (1898). Notice preliminaire sur les especes d'annelides recueillies dans les explorations sous-marines du Travailleur et du Talisman. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 4(1): 190-195., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5032573
page(s): 191; note: Introduces Aphroditella pallida nov. sp. There is no indication this is a new genus [details]   

original description  (ofHalithea Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 306 [details]   

original description  (ofAphrodita (Amphitus) Castelnau, 1842) Castelnau, F. L. de Laporte de, 1842. L'Histoire naturelle des Annélides. p.1-46, pls.1-7, in P.H. Lucas ed., Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. 1. Histoire naturelle des Crustaces, des Arachnides et des Myriopodes: Paris. 600 pp., 46 pls.
page(s): 7 [details]   

original description  (ofAphrodita (Cyanippa) Castelnau, 1842) Castelnau, F. L. de Laporte de, 1842. L'Histoire naturelle des Annélides. p.1-46, pls.1-7, in P.H. Lucas ed., Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. 1. Histoire naturelle des Crustaces, des Arachnides et des Myriopodes: Paris. 600 pp., 46 pls.
page(s): 7 [details]   

original description  (ofHystrix Redi in Claparède, 1868) Claparède, É. (1868). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 19(2): 313-584, plates I-XVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50163#page/375/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMilnesia Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, Armand de. (1866 [imprint date 1865]). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Volume 1. 1-588. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. [some vol.2 species are also linked here but see also source id 51472]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofVermis Claparède, 1868) Claparède, É. (1868). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 19(2): 313-584, plates I-XVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50163#page/375/mode/1up
page(s): 351 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 655 [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Hutchings, Pat; Mcrae, Jane. (1993). The Aphroditidae (Polychaeta) from Australia, together with a redescription of the Aphroditidae collected during the Siboga Expedition. Records of the Australian Museum. 45, 279-363., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.45.1993.24
page(s): 286-287; note: generic diagnosis; key to Indo-Pacific species [details]   

redescription  (ofEruca Ruysch, 1721) Seba, Albertus. (1734-1765 (v1 1734, v2 1735, v3 1759, v4 1765)). Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descriptio, et iconibus artificiosissimis expressio, per universam physiees historiam : Opus, cui, in hoc rerum genere, nullum par exstitit / Description exacte des principales curiosités naturelles du magnifique cabinet d'Albert Seba. 4 vols, Amstelaedami :Apud Janssonio-Waesbergios & J. Wetstenium & Gul. Smith,1734-65., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/62760
page(s): plate 90, page 142; note: plate and Latin description [details]   

additional source  (ofEruca Ruysch, 1721) Claparède, A. René Édouard. (1863). Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere : an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. [book]. 1-120, 18 plates, W. Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10030
page(s): 352; note: inclusion in a synonymy [details]   

redescription  (ofEruca Ruysch, 1721) Ruysch, Frederik [Fredericii Ruischii]. (1721). Thesaurus animalium primus : cum figuris aeneis = Het eerste cabinet der dieren. [Book]. 42 pp, 7 plates, Apud Joannem Wolters, Amsterdam., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29962469
page(s): 23; note: Pre-Linnaean usage. Eruca marina is species XLIX of Ruysch, with brief Latin diagnosis [details]   

basis of record  (ofAphrodite [auctt.]) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628.
note: Hartman records Aphrodite as a variant spelling of Aphrodita, but her style was to autocorrect obvious incorrect spellings, so the examples are not documented in her catalogue. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofAphroditella Roule, 1898) Pettibone, Marian H. (1966). Heteraphrodita altoni, a new genus and species of polychaete worm (Polychaeta, Aphroditidae) from deep water off Oregon, and a revision of the Aphroditid genera. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 79: 95-108., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34562769
page(s): 97; note: to Aphrodita [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHystrix Redi in Claparède, 1868) McIntosh, W.C. 1900. A monograph of British Annelids. vol.1. pt.2. Polychaeta Amphinomidae to Sigalionidae. Ray Society of London, 1(l2): 215-442., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118768#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 247 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHalithea Lamarck, 1818) Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 3; note: Pettibone (1966: 97) gives Malmgren, 1867 as authority for designation of Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, 1758 as type species of Halithea. Since Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, ...  
Pettibone (1966: 97) gives Malmgren, 1867 as authority for designation of Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, 1758 as type species of Halithea. Since Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, 1758 is also type species of Aphrodita Linneaus, 1758 (Hartman, 1959; Barnich & Fiege, 2003 and others cited therein) then Halithea Lamarck, 1818 falls in synonymy with Aphrodita Linneaus, 1758.
 [details]   

additional source  (ofAphroditella Roule, 1898) Roule, Louis. (1906). Annélides et Géphyriens. Expéditions scientifiques du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883. 7: 1-102, plates 1-10., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46501333 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofHalithea Lamarck, 1818) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 55; note: Fauchald seems to have been in error in treating Halithea Lamarck, 1818 as a synonym of Laetmonice. Pettibone (1966: 97) gives Malmgren, 1867 as authority for designation of Aph...  
Fauchald seems to have been in error in treating Halithea Lamarck, 1818 as a synonym of Laetmonice. Pettibone (1966: 97) gives Malmgren, 1867 as authority for designation of Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, 1758 as type species of Halithea. Since Aphrodita aculeata Linneaus, 1758 is also type species of Aphrodita Linneaus, 1758 (Hartman, 1959; Barnich & Fiege, 2003 and others cited therein) then Halithea Lamarck, 1818 falls in synonymy with Aphrodita Linneaus, 1758.
 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofVermis Claparède, 1868) Claparède, É. (1868). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 19(2): 313-584, plates I-XVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50163#page/375/mode/1up
page(s): 351 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Spelling often written as Aphrodite, but spelling is checked in the work of Linnaeus (1758). [details]

From other sources
Type species Type species A. aculeata Linnaeus 1761 in Fauchald, 1977 <246>. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Norwegian Bokmål salatsennepslekta [from synonym]  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk salatsennepslekta [from synonym]  [details]
Swedish erukor [from synonym]  [details]
Linnaeus 1758 description of Aphrodita
 Linnaeus 1758 descr...
[image from typetaxon]

Sea-mouse - Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1758
 Sea-mouse - Aphrodi...
[image from typetaxon]

Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1758
 Aphrodita aculeata ...
[image from typetaxon]

Fluwelen zeemuis
 Fluwelen zeemuis
[image from typetaxon]

Aphrodita aculeata Linnaeus, 1761
 Aphrodita aculeata ...
[image from typetaxon]

Fluwelen zeemuis
 Fluwelen zeemuis
[image from typetaxon]

Fluwelen zeemuis
 Fluwelen zeemuis
[image from typetaxon]

Aphrodita aculeata
 Aphrodita aculeata
[image from typetaxon]