WoRMS taxon details

Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

127405  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127405)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin...  
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin projects above the water. Sometimes reaches depths of up to 300 m (Ref. 9317). Feeds on animal plankton, eel larvae, small deep-sea fishes; also on jellyfish, crustaceans, molluscs, and brittlestars (Ref. 4925). In Guiness Book of Records it was recorded as the heaviest bony fish and as the one with the most eggs (Ref. 6472). Also occasionally caught with encircling nets (Ref. 9119) and harpoon (Ref. 9988). Mola is the latin word for millstone. Utilized fresh and can be broiled (Ref. 9988). [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina  
Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127405 on 2018-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofAledon storeri Castelnau, 1861) Castelnau, F. L. (1861). Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe. Paris. i-vii + 1-78., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1722840#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766) Koelreuter, J.G. (1763). Piscium rariorum e Museo Petropolitano exceptorum descriptiones. Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropol. 8:337-430. 1 pl. [details]   

original description  (ofAledon capensis Castelnau, 1861) Castelnau, F. L. (1861). Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe. Paris. i-vii + 1-78., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1722840#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Robins, C.R., G.C. Ray, J. Douglass and R. Freund. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston. 354 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 334 [details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAledon storeri Castelnau, 1861) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofMola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthagoriscus mola) Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOrthagoriscus mola) Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofMola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record  (ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source  (ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiodon carinatus Mitchill, 1828) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiodon mola Pallas, 1770) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiodon nummularis Walbaum, 1792) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofMola aspera Nardo, 1827) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofMola hispida Nardo, 1827) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofMola rotunda Cuvier, 1797) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofAledon capensis Castelnau, 1861) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofCephalus brevis Shaw, 1804) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofCephalus ortagoriscus Risso, 1827) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofCephalus pallasianus Shaw, 1804) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiplanchias nasus Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofMolacanthus pallasii Swainson, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus alexandrini Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus analis Ayres, 1859) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus blochii Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus elegans Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus fasciatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus ghini Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus hispidus Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus lunaris Gronow, 1854) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus mola (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus redi Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus retzii Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus rondeletti Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragus luna Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOzodura orsini Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofPedalion gigas Guilding, 1838) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofTrematopsis willugbei Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofTympanomium planci Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthagoriscus analis Ayres, 1859) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrthragoriscus rondeletii Ranzani, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) ERM. (1998). Fisheries resources and fishing operations in Hong Kong waters. Final report. Submitted to Agriculture & Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin projects above the water. Sometimes reaches depths of up to 300 m (Ref. 9317). Feeds on animal plankton, eel larvae, small deep-sea fishes; also on jellyfish, crustaceans, molluscs, and brittlestars (Ref. 4925). In Guiness Book of Records it was recorded as the heaviest bony fish and as the one with the most eggs (Ref. 6472). Also occasionally caught with encircling nets (Ref. 9119) and harpoon (Ref. 9988). Mola is the latin word for millstone. Utilized fresh and can be broiled (Ref. 9988). [details]

Diet Feeds on fishes, mollusks, zooplankton, jellyfish, crustaceans and brittle stars [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat Found in warm and temperate seas, often drifting on the surface. [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Importance Scientific- Minor commercial, considered a delicacy in Japan, Chinese medicine [details]

Predators Bony fishes, sharks and rays [details]

Reproduction external reproduction [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian peshku hënëpeshkahanahana  [details]
Breton mouldouz [from synonym]loar [from synonym]  [details]
Danish klumpfisk  [details]
Dutch maanvis  [details]
English sun-fishsunfishocean sunfish  [details]
French poisson-lunemole communmôlemole  [details]
German Mondfisch  [details]
Hebrew דג שמש ענק  [details]
Japanese マンボウ  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Φεγγαρόψαρο  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål månefisk  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk månefisk  [details]
Spanish mola  [details]
Swedish klumpfisk  [details]
Turkish pervane baligiayi baligi  [details]
Welsh pysgodyn haul  [details]