WoRMS taxon details

Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758)

127405  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127405)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin...  
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin projects above the water. Sometimes reaches depths of up to 300 m (Ref. 9317). Feeds on animal plankton, eel larvae, small deep-sea fishes; also on jellyfish, crustaceans, molluscs, and brittlestars (Ref. 4925). In Guiness Book of Records it was recorded as the heaviest bony fish and as the one with the most eggs (Ref. 6472). Also occasionally caught with encircling nets (Ref. 9119) and harpoon (Ref. 9988). Mola is the latin word for millstone. Utilized fresh and can be broiled (Ref. 9988). [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina  
Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127405 on 2018-09-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofMola aculeata Koelreuter, 1766) Koelreuter, J.G. (1763). Piscium rariorum e Museo Petropolitano exceptorum descriptiones. Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropol. 8:337-430. 1 pl. [details]   

original description  (ofAledon storeri Castelnau, 1861) Castelnau, F. L. (1861). Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe. Paris. i-vii + 1-78., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1722840#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofTetraodon mola Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofAledon capensis Castelnau, 1861) Castelnau, F. L. (1861). Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe. Paris. i-vii + 1-78., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1722840#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Robins, C.R., G.C. Ray, J. Douglass and R. Freund. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston. 354 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 334 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) ERM. (1998). Fisheries resources and fishing operations in Hong Kong waters. Final report. Submitted to Agriculture & Fisheries Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description It often drifts at the surface while lying on its side, or swims upright and so close to the surface that the dorsal fin projects above the water. Sometimes reaches depths of up to 300 m (Ref. 9317). Feeds on animal plankton, eel larvae, small deep-sea fishes; also on jellyfish, crustaceans, molluscs, and brittlestars (Ref. 4925). In Guiness Book of Records it was recorded as the heaviest bony fish and as the one with the most eggs (Ref. 6472). Also occasionally caught with encircling nets (Ref. 9119) and harpoon (Ref. 9988). Mola is the latin word for millstone. Utilized fresh and can be broiled (Ref. 9988). [details]

Diet Feeds on fishes, mollusks, zooplankton, jellyfish, crustaceans and brittle stars [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat Found in warm and temperate seas, often drifting on the surface. [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Importance Scientific- Minor commercial, considered a delicacy in Japan, Chinese medicine [details]

Predators Bony fishes, sharks and rays [details]

Reproduction external reproduction [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian peshku hënëpeshkahanahana  [details]
Breton mouldouz [from synonym]loar [from synonym]  [details]
Danish klumpfisk  [details]
Dutch maanvis  [details]
English sun-fishsunfishocean sunfish  [details]
French poisson-lunemole communmôlemole  [details]
German Mondfisch  [details]
Hebrew דג שמש ענק  [details]
Japanese マンボウ  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Φεγγαρόψαρο  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål månefisk  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk månefisk  [details]
Spanish mola  [details]
Swedish klumpfisk  [details]
Turkish pervane baligiayi baligi  [details]
Welsh pysgodyn haul  [details]