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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 126983

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugiliformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugilidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil Linnaeus, 1758
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil albula Linnaeus, 1766
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil ashanteensis Bleeker, 1863
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalas Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalotus Valenciennes, 1836
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus ashanteensis Bleeker, 1863
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus cephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil crenilabis our Forsskål, 1775
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil dobula Günther, 1861
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil gelatinosus Klunzinger, 1872
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil grandis Castelnau, 1879
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil hypselosoma Ogilby, 1897
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil lineatus Valenciennes, 1836
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil mexicanus Steindachner, 1876
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil muelleri Klunzinger, 1880
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil mulleri Klunzinger, 1880
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil occidentalis Castelnau, 1873
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil our Forsskål, 1775
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil provensalis Risso, 1810
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil tang Bloch, 1794
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil vulpinus Nardo, 1847
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxus barnardi Gilchrist & Thompson, 1914
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxus caecutiens Günther, 1876
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxus pacificus Steindachner, 1900
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxus superficialis Klunzinger, 1870
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 316 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorqefulli i verësUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgushtakuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcumriUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcumraku  [details]
Basque Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlazunaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkorrokoi bizkarbeltz  [details]
Breton Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormeilh bihen  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorllissa llobarrera  [details]
Corsican Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormuzaruUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormazzardu  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorharder  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstriped mulletUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey mulletUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorflathead mulletUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorflathead grey mullet  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpetit mulet grisUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormulet cabotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormulet à grosse têteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormuge cephaleUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormugeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormeuille  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGroßkopfmeeräsche  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorקיפון גדול-ראשUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorקיפון בורי  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcefalo  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordidžiagalvė kefalė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΚέφαλος  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcefal pospolity  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormugemUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfatacaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcurimã  [details]
Romanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorchefal  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorлобанUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКефаль лобан  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorglavati cipelj  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpardeteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormújolUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlisa rayada  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhas kefal  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКефаль-лобанUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКефаль лобань  [details]
All child
taxa (4)

[hide all]
[sort alpha..]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus ashanteensis Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus ramado Risso, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLiza ramada (Risso, 1827)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil cephalus rammelsbergi Tschudi, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMugil rammelsbergii Tschudi, 1846
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Australia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Australia [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlack Sea [details]
Egypt
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEgypt [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMtwapa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUngama Bay [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIsraeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Indian Ocean [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTherodamas frontalis El-Rashidy & Boxshall, 2001 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus lizae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNipergasilus bora (Yamaguti, 1939) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobomatus mugilis Raibaut, Caillet & Ben Hassine, 1978 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus minimus Otto, 1821 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus pageti Russell, 1925 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocaligus apodus Brian, 1924 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernaeenicus vorax Richiardi, 1877 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernaeolophus sultanus (Milne Edwards, 1840) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernaeenicus longiventris Wilson C.B., 1917 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus rufimaculatus Wilson C.B., 1905 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus mugilis Brian, 1935 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachiella oblonga Valle, 1881 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBomolochus chalguanus Fernandez, 1987 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBomolochus concinnus Wilson C.B., 1911 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBomolochus nitidus Wilson C.B., 1911 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus bombayensis Rangnekar, 1955 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus engraulidis Barnard, 1948 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus epidemicus Hewitt, 1971 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus orientalis Gusev, 1951 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus platytarsis Bassett-Smith, 1898 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus punctatus Shiino, 1955 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus rotundigenitalis Yü, 1933 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobomatus deltotus West, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermoergasilus amplectens (Dogiel & Akhmerov, 1952) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermoergasilus mugilis Oldewage & van As, 1988 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus amplectens Dogiel & Akhmerov, 1952 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus cyanopictus Carvalho, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus fryeri Paperna, 1964 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus ilani Oldewage & van As, 1988 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus mugilis Vogt, 1877 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus versicolor Wilson C.B., 1911 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepeophtheirus hospitalis Fraser, 1920 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepeophtheirus kareii Yamaguti, 1936 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernanthropsis mugilii (Shishido, 1898) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudolepeophtheirus mediterraneus Paperna, 1964 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernanthropus shishidoi Shiino, 1955 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus irritans Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaobranchia lizae (Krøyer, 1863) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobrachiella exilis (Shiino, 1956) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus nanus Beneden, 1870 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus longimanus Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernaea cyprinacea Linnaeus, 1758 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernanthropus mugilii Shishido, 1898 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNothobomolochus teres (Wilson C.B., 1911) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTherodamas frontalis El-Rashidy & Boxshall, 2001 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaergasilus dichotomus El-Rashidy & Boxshall, 2001 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaligus pagrosomi schlegeli Ho & Lin, 2003 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThersitina kasaharai (Do, 1981) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiergasilus kasaharai Do, 1981 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColobomatus mugilis Raibaut, Caillet & Ben Hassine, 1978 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (258 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (620 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Cultured Aquatic species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FishBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (916 nucleotides; 482 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Occurs at temperatures ranging from 8-24°C (Ref. 4944) in calm waters close to shore, around mouths of streams and inlets, and brackish bays and harbors. Usually found in schools over sand or mud bottom (Ref. 2850). Mainly diurnal, feeds on zooplankton, benthic organisms and detritus. Also takes diatom algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 9072). Feeds occasionally at the surface (Ref. 9987). Can be used in aquaculture if stock is collected from the sea (Ref. 4967). Marketed fresh, dried,salted, and frozen; roe sold fresh or smoked (Ref. 9312). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feeds on zooplankton, benthic organisms, detritus  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Brazil; Cape Cod to southern Gulf of Mexico; absent in the Bahamas and most of West Indies and Caribbean  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Occasionally found in Canadian Atlantic waters. Coastal species, found to depths of 120 m and often enter estuaries and rivers. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Highly commercial, aquaculture, gamefish  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Spawns in the sea from July to October, scatters 5- 7 million eggs into the open water/ substratum  [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126983
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2014). Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=126983 on 2014-12-20
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License