WoRMS taxon details

Ommastrephidae Steenstrup, 1857

11760  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:11760)

accepted
Family
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description The family is characterized by an inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage, biserial suckers on the arms, tetraserial...  
Description The family is characterized by an inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage, biserial suckers on the arms, tetraserial suckers on the tentacular clubs (except Illex which has 8 rows of suckers on the dactylus), buccal connectives that attach to the dorsal borders of arms IV, photophores in some genera, and a muscular bridge anterior to the funnel locking cartilage which passes from the funnel to the ventral surface of the head.

The inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage easily distinguishes this family from all others, even in the youngest stages. One genus, Symplectoteuthis, has the funnel mantle cartilages fused at a single point, but they are otherwise typical.

Three subfamilies are currently recognized: Ommastrephinae, Todarodinae, and Illicinae.

The Ommastrephinae is distinguished by the presence of a central pocket (foveola) and several side pockets in the funnel groove, and by the presence of photophores which are often deeply buried in the tissue of the mantle, head and arms. It comprises five genera: Ommastrephes, Symplectogeuthis, Dosidicus, Ornithoteuthis and Hyaloteuthis. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Ommastrephidae Steenstrup, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=11760 on 2018-07-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2011-02-25 22:38:50Z
checked
2018-02-07 15:28:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Roper, C.F.E., Nigmatullin, C. & Jereb, P. (2010). Family Ommastrephidae. In P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper, eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species known to date. Volume 2. Myopsid and Oegopsid Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. pp. 269-347. , available online at http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/i1920e/i1920e.pdf [details]   

additional source Wakabayashi T., Suzuki N., Sakai M., Ichii T. & Chow S. (2012) Phylogenetic relationships among the family Ommastrephidae (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) inferred from two mitochondrial DNA gene sequences. Marine Genomics 7: 11-16. , available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874778712000396 [details]   

identification resource Lu, C.C. & Chung, W.S. (2017). Guide to the cephalopods of Taiwan. National Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan, 560 pp. ISBN 978-986-05-2569-4.
page(s): 336 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description The family is characterized by an inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage, biserial suckers on the arms, tetraserial suckers on the tentacular clubs (except Illex which has 8 rows of suckers on the dactylus), buccal connectives that attach to the dorsal borders of arms IV, photophores in some genera, and a muscular bridge anterior to the funnel locking cartilage which passes from the funnel to the ventral surface of the head.

The inverted T-shaped funnel locking cartilage easily distinguishes this family from all others, even in the youngest stages. One genus, Symplectoteuthis, has the funnel mantle cartilages fused at a single point, but they are otherwise typical.

Three subfamilies are currently recognized: Ommastrephinae, Todarodinae, and Illicinae.

The Ommastrephinae is distinguished by the presence of a central pocket (foveola) and several side pockets in the funnel groove, and by the presence of photophores which are often deeply buried in the tissue of the mantle, head and arms. It comprises five genera: Ommastrephes, Symplectogeuthis, Dosidicus, Ornithoteuthis and Hyaloteuthis. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Chinese Róu-Yú-Kē  [details]
Japanese アカイカ  [details]