WoRMS taxon details

Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878

110301  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110301)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Ehrenberg C.G. 1860. Verzeichnis der Leuchtthierchen. Verhandl. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, Monatsberichte 1859: 791-793; First figure (Fig. 2) given in Ehrenberg C.G. 1873. Die das Funkeln und Aufblitzen des Mittelmeeres bewirkenden kleinen Lebensformen. Gesellsch. Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, Festschrift zur Feier des hundertjährigen Bestehens, 1-4. [details]   
Type locality contained in Sorrento  
type locality contained in Sorrento [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110301 on 2019-12-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-24 11:41:36Z
changed
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2010-10-12 09:44:25Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description Ehrenberg C.G. 1860. Verzeichnis der Leuchtthierchen. Verhandl. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, Monatsberichte 1859: 791-793; First figure (Fig. 2) given in Ehrenberg C.G. 1873. Die das Funkeln und Aufblitzen des Mittelmeeres bewirkenden kleinen Lebensformen. Gesellsch. Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, Festschrift zur Feier des hundertjährigen Bestehens, 1-4. [details]   

original description  (of Prorocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Faust M.A. 1994. Three new benthic species of <i>Prorocentrum</i> (Dinophyceae) from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize: <i>P. sabulosum</i> sp. nov., <i>P. sculptile</i> sp. nov. and <i>P. arenarium</i> sp. nov. J. Phycol. 30: 755-763. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

redescription Nagahama, Y. & Fukuyo, Y. 2005. Redescription of <i>Cryptomonas lima</i>, collected from Sorrento, Italy, the basionym of <i>Prorocentrum lima</i>. Plankton Biol. Ecol. 52: 107-109.  [details]   

toxicology source Murakami Y., Oshima Y. & Yasumoto T. 1982. Identification of okadaic acid as a toxic component of a marine dinoflagellate <i>Prorocentrum lima</i>. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 48: 69-72. [details]   

toxicology source Tindall D.R., Dickey R.D., Carlson R.D. & Morey-Gaines G. 1984. Ciguatoxigenic dinoflagellates from the Caribbean Sea. In: <i>Seafood Toxins</i> (Ed. by E.P. Ragelis), pp. 225-240. Am. Chem. Soc., Washington.  [details]   

toxicology source Torigoe K., Murata M. & Yasumoto T. 1988. Prorocentrolide, a toxic nitrogenous macrocycle from a marine dinoflagellate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110 : 7876-7877., available online at https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00231a048 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Prorocentrum lima has been found to produce the Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins: okadaic acid (Murakami et al. 1982), DTX-1 (Lee et al. 1989), DTX-2 (Hu et al. 1993), in addition to a prorocentrolide (Torigoe et al. 1988) and a Fast Acting Toxin (FAT) (Tindall et al. 1984). [details]

Synonymy Various taxa have been regarded by various authors as taxonomical synonyms of P. lima, e.g, Exuviaella marina Cienkowski 1881; Dinopyxis laevis Stein 1883, Exuviaella chathamensis Lemmermann 1907; Exuviaella cincta Schiller 1918; Exuviaella ostenfeldii Schiller 1931; Exuviaella caspica Kisselev 1940 and their respective nomenclatural synonyms. Note that several papers in which P. lima or one of the synonyms have been used, do not deal with this species, concluded on the figures included. [details]
 

Prorocentrum arenarium
 Prorocentrum arenarium
[image from synonym]

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[hosted externally; from synonym]

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[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (182059.jpg)
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To NMNH Extant Collection (182061.jpg)
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[hosted externally]