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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878 
AphiaID: 110301

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentraceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum Ehrenberg, 1834
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinopyxis laevis F.Stein, 1883 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella caspica Kiselev, 1940 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella cincta Schiller, 1918 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella laevis (Stein) Schroder, 1900 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) Bütschli, 1885
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) F.Schütt, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina var. lima (Ehrenberg) Schiller, 1931
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella ostenfeldi Schiller, 1933 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973 (synonym)
Sources  original description Ehrenberg C.G. 1860. Verzeichnis der Leuchtthierchen. Verhandl. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, Monatsberichte 1859: 791-793; First figure (Fig. 2) given in Ehrenberg C.G. 1873. Die das Funkeln und Aufblitzen des Mittelmeeres bewirkenden kleinen Lebensformen. Gesellsch. Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, Festschrift zur Feier des hundertjährigen Bestehens, 1-4. [details]

redescription Nagahama, Y. & Fukuyo, Y. 2005. Redescription of Cryptomonas lima, collected from Sorrento, Italy, the basionym of Prorocentrum lima. Plankton Biol. Ecol. 52: 107-109.  [details]

new combination reference Stein F.R. von 1878. Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen Forschungen in systematischer Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abteilung 1. Hälfte Engelmann, Leipzig, 154 pp. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Distribution  Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Sorrento [details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality Carrie Bow Cay [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunisian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Specimen 

[show all]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (32 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (7 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (162 nucleotides; 39 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect Prorocentrum lima has been found to produce the Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins: okadaic acid (Murakami et al. 1982), DTX-1 (Lee et al. 1989), DTX-2 (Hu et al. 1993), in addition to a prorocentrolide (Torigoe et al. 1988) and a Fast Acting Toxin (FAT) (Tindall et al. 1984). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSynonymy Various taxa have been regarded by various authors as taxonomical synonyms of P. lima, e.g, Exuviaella marina Cienkowski 1881; Dinopyxis laevis Stein 1883, Exuviaella chathamensis Lemmermann 1907; Exuviaella cincta Schiller 1918; Exuviaella ostenfeldii Schiller 1931; Exuviaella caspica Kisselev 1940 and their respective nomenclatural synonyms. Note that several papers in which P. lima or one of the synonyms have been used, do not deal with this species, concluded on the figures included. [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Prorocentrum arenarium
Prorocentrum arenarium
[image from synonym]
Prorocentrum lima
Prorocentrum lima
Prorocentrum lima
Prorocentrum lima

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110301
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Brandt, Sue
2006-07-24 11:41:36Z  changed  Estensoro, Itziar
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z  changed  Moestrup, Øjvind
2010-10-12 09:44:25Z  changed  Hoppenrath, Mona
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2013). Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2013). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110301 on 2014-04-16
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License