WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein, 1878

110301  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110301)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Ehrenberg C.G. 1860. Verzeichnis der Leuchtthierchen. Verhandl. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, Monatsberichte 1859: 791-793; First figure (Fig. 2) given in Ehrenberg C.G. 1873. Die das Funkeln und Aufblitzen des Mittelmeeres bewirkenden kleinen Lebensformen. Gesellsch. Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, Festschrift zur Feier des hundertjährigen Bestehens, 1-4. [details]   
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution Sorrento  
Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality contained in Sorrento [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698 [details]
Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Prorocentrum lima. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110301 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-24 11:41:36Z
changed
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2010-10-12 09:44:25Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.


original description Ehrenberg C.G. 1860. Verzeichnis der Leuchtthierchen. Verhandl. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, Monatsberichte 1859: 791-793; First figure (Fig. 2) given in Ehrenberg C.G. 1873. Die das Funkeln und Aufblitzen des Mittelmeeres bewirkenden kleinen Lebensformen. Gesellsch. Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, Festschrift zur Feier des hundertjährigen Bestehens, 1-4. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Faust M.A. 1994. Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize: P. sabulosum sp. nov., P. sculptile sp. nov. and P. arenarium sp. nov. J. Phycol. 30: 755-763. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

redescription Nagahama, Y. & Fukuyo, Y. 2005. Redescription of Cryptomonas lima, collected from Sorrento, Italy, the basionym of Prorocentrum lima. Plankton Biol. Ecol. 52: 107-109.  [details]   

toxicology source Murakami Y., Oshima Y. & Yasumoto T. 1982. Identification of okadaic acid as a toxic component of a marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 48: 69-72. [details]   

toxicology source Tindall D.R., Dickey R.D., Carlson R.D. & Morey-Gaines G. 1984. Ciguatoxigenic dinoflagellates from the Caribbean Sea. In: Seafood Toxins (Ed. by E.P. Ragelis), pp. 225-240. Am. Chem. Soc., Washington.  [details]   

toxicology source Torigoe K., Murata M. & Yasumoto T. 1988. Prorocentrolide, a toxic nitrogenous macrocycle from a marine dinoflagellate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110 : 7876-7877., available online at https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00231a048 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum marinum Dodge & Bibby, 1973) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881) TMAP - Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program database, available online at http://www.waddensea-secretariat.org/TMAP/Monitoring.html [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881) Campbell, P.H. (1973). Studies on brackish water phytoplankton. UNC.SG.73.07. pp. 1-406. Chapel Hill: Sea Grant Publications, University of North Carolina. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

toxicology source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Ten-Hage L., Delaunay N., Pichon V., Couté A., Puiseux-Dao S. & Turquet J. 2000. Okadaic acid production from marine benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum arenarium Faust (Dinophyceae) isolated from Europa Island coral reef ecosystem (SW Indian Ocean). Toxicon 38: 1043-1054. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProrocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust, 1994) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) Bütschli, 1885) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) Bütschli, 1885) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina var. lima (Ehrenberg) Schiller, 1931) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella marina var. lima (Ehrenberg) Schiller, 1931) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) F.Schütt, 1896) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinopyxis laevis F.Stein, 1883) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella laevis (Stein) Schroder, 1900) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella cincta Schiller, 1918) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella ostenfeldi Schiller, 1933) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorExuviaella caspica Kiselev, 1940) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorXanthodiscus lauterbachii Schewiakoff) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNontype [from synonym] SCCAP K-0625 [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46698 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect Prorocentrum lima has been found to produce the Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins: okadaic acid (Murakami et al. 1982), DTX-1 (Lee et al. 1989), DTX-2 (Hu et al. 1993), in addition to a prorocentrolide (Torigoe et al. 1988) and a Fast Acting Toxin (FAT) (Tindall et al. 1984). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSynonymy Various taxa have been regarded by various authors as taxonomical synonyms of P. lima, e.g, Exuviaella marina Cienkowski 1881; Dinopyxis laevis Stein 1883, Exuviaella chathamensis Lemmermann 1907; Exuviaella cincta Schiller 1918; Exuviaella ostenfeldii Schiller 1931; Exuviaella caspica Kisselev 1940 and their respective nomenclatural synonyms. Note that several papers in which P. lima or one of the synonyms have been used, do not deal with this species, concluded on the figures included. [details]