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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing, 1866 
AphiaID: 110041

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlveolata (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzozoa (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinozoa (Subphylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDinoflagellata (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulacales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulacaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax spinifera (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax Diesing, 1866
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeridinium spiniferum Claparède & Lachmann, 1859
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax levanderi (Lemmermann) Paulsen, 1907 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeridinium spiniferum Claparède & Lachmann, 1859
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiniferites mirabilis (M.R.Rossignol) Sarjeant. † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiniferites ramosus (Ehrenberg) Mantell (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectatodinium pellitum Wall, 1967 † (synonym)
Sources  basis of record Gómez, F., 2005. A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64 (1), 129-212. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh
Distribution 
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNieuwpoort [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Lebanon
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLebanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
New Zealand
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Sweden
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSwedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlanktonNet Image 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (1 barcode) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (71 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Dyntaxa 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (21 nucleotides; 3 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:46967 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat pelagic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110041
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Brandt, Sue
2006-07-27 06:59:07Z  changed  Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-01-15 07:09:15Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
  
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  Citation: Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing, 1866. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2016). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110041 on 2016-07-27
  Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.