WoRMS taxon details

Calanus Leach, 1816

104152  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:104152)

accepted
Genus
Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770) (type by original designation)
Species Calanus aculeatus Brady, 1918
Species Calanus agulhensis De Decker, Kaczmaruk & Marska, 1991
Species Calanus australis Brodsky, 1959
Species Calanus chilensis Brodsky, 1959
Species Calanus dorsalis (Rafinesque, 1815)
Species Calanus euxinus Hulsemann, 1991
Species Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus glacialis Jaschnov, 1955
Species Calanus helgolandicus (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus hyperboreus Krøyer, 1838
Species Calanus jashnovi Hulsemann, 1994
Species Calanus marshallae Frost, 1974
Species Calanus pacificus Brodsky, 1948
Species Calanus propinquus Brady, 1883
Species Calanus simillimus Giesbrecht, 1902
Species Calanus sinicus Brodsky, 1962
Species Calanus torticornis (Brady, 1918)

Species Calanus affinis Dana, 1849 (taxon inquirendum, listed as of uncertain genus by Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898)
Species Calanus anglicus Lubbock, 1857 (taxon inquirendum, listed as of uncertain genus by Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898)
Species Calanus arcticus Baird, 1854 (taxon inquirendum, listed as of uncertain genus by Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898)
Species Calanus comptus Dana, 1852 (taxon inquirendum, listed as of uncertain genus by Giesbrecht & Schmeil, 1898)
Species Calanus penicillatus Lubbock, 1856 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Calanus ponticus Krichagin, 1873 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Calanus caudatus Krøyer, 1848 (nomen dubium)
Species Calanus crassus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium)
Species Calanus curtus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this is Temora sp.)
Species Calanus danai Lubbock, 1860 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this is Eucalanus sp.)
Species Calanus flavipes Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes thi doubtful)
Species Calanus fonsecai Oliveira, 1945 (nomen dubium)
Species Calanus furcicaudus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus inauritus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus inconspicuus Lubbock, 1856 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus levis Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus magellanicus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus medius Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus nudus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus pellucidus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:329 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus rotundatus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:301 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus setuligerus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:301 believes this doubtful)
Species Calanus simplicicaudus Dana, 1849 (nomen dubium, Giesbrecht, 1893:301 believes this doubtful)

Subgenus Calanus (Carinocalanus) Brodsky, 1972 accepted as Calanoides Brady, 1883 (synonym)
Species Calanus acutus Giesbrecht, 1902 accepted as Calanoides acutus (Giesbrecht, 1902)
Species Calanus americanus Herrick, 1887 accepted as Neocalanus gracilis (Dana, 1852) (listed as probable synonym by Giesbrecht, 1893)
Species Calanus amoenus Dana, 1849 accepted as Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849) (listed as synonym by Giesbrecht, 1893)
Species Calanus appressus Dana, 1849 accepted as Cosmocalanus darwinii (Lubbock, 1860) (listed as probable synonym by Giesbrecht, 1893)
Species Calanus arcuicornis Dana, 1849 accepted as Clausocalanus arcuicornis (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus arietis Templeton, 1836 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus attenuatus Dana, 1849 accepted as Eucalanus attenuatus (Dana, 1849) accepted as Pareucalanus attenuatus (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus bellus Dana, 1849 accepted as Calanus vulgaris (Dana, 1849) accepted as Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus borealis Lubbock, 1854 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus brevicornis Lubbock, 1856 accepted as Calanoides brevicornis (Lubbock, 1856)
Species Calanus carinatus Krøyer, 1849 accepted as Calanoides carinatus (Krøyer, 1849)
Species Calanus caroli Giesbrecht, 1888 accepted as Cosmocalanus caroli (Giesbrecht, 1888) (basionym)
Species Calanus clausii Brady, 1865 accepted as Pseudocalanus elongatus (Boeck, 1865)
Species Calanus communis Dana, 1849 accepted as Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849) (listed as synonym by Giesbrecht, 1893)
Species Calanus cornutus Dana, 1849 accepted as Rhincalanus cornutus (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus cristatus Krøyer, 1848 accepted as Neocalanus cristatus (Krøyer, 1848)
Species Calanus darwinii (Lubbock, 1860) accepted as Cosmocalanus darwinii (Lubbock, 1860)
Species Calanus elegans Lubbock, 1854 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus elongatus Dana, 1849 accepted as Eucalanus elongatus (Dana, 1848) represented as Eucalanus elongatus elongatus (Dana, 1848)
Species Calanus erythrochilus Leuckart, 1859 accepted as Eucalanus elongatus (Dana, 1848) represented as Eucalanus elongatus elongatus (Dana, 1848)
Species Calanus euchaeta Lubbock, 1857 accepted as Acartia longiremis (Lilljeborg, 1853) represented as Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis (Lilljeborg, 1853)
Species Calanus frontatus Dahl, 1894 accepted as Calanoides carinatus (Krøyer, 1849)
Species Calanus gracilis (Dana, 1852) accepted as Neocalanus gracilis (Dana, 1852)
Species Calanus latus Lubbock, 1856 accepted as Euchaeta pulchra Brady, 1883 accepted as Undeuchaeta plumosa (Lubbock, 1856)
Species Calanus lighti Bowman, 1955 accepted as Mesocalanus lighti (Bowman, 1955)
Species Calanus longiremis (Claus, 1863) accepted as Neocalanus gracilis (Dana, 1852) (listed as synonym by Giesbrecht, 1893)
Species Calanus longus Lubbock, 1854 accepted as Metridia longa (Lubbock, 1854)
Species Calanus macrocarinatus Brodsky, 1972 accepted as Calanoides macrocarinatus (Brodsky, 1967) accepted as Calanoides brevicornis (Lubbock, 1856)
Species Calanus magnus Lubbock, 1854 accepted as Calanus hyperboreus Krøyer, 1838
Species Calanus mastigophorus Claus, 1863 accepted as Clausocalanus mastigophorus (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus minor (Claus, 1863) accepted as Nannocalanus minor (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus minutus Krøyer, 1845 accepted as Pseudocalanus minutus (Krøyer, 1845)
Species Calanus mirabilis Lubbock, 1856 accepted as Eucalanus attenuatus (Dana, 1849) accepted as Pareucalanus attenuatus (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus mundus Dana, 1849 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770) (Giesbrecht, 1893:89)
Species Calanus nataliensis (Brady, 1914) accepted as Calanoides natalensis (Brady, 1914) accepted as Calanoides natalis Brady, 1914 (misspelling)
Species Calanus orientalis Marukawa, 1908 accepted as Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849) (believed to be a deformed specimen of U. vulgaris)
Species Calanus parvus Claus, 1863 accepted as Paracalanus parvus (Claus, 1863) (basionym)
Species Calanus patagoniensis (Brady, 1883) accepted as Calanoides patagoniensis Brady, 1883
Species Calanus pauper Giesbrecht, 1888 accepted as Canthocalanus pauper (Giesbrecht, 1888)
Species Calanus pavo Dana, 1852 accepted as Calocalanus pavo (Dana, 1852)
Species Calanus perspicax Dana, 1852 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus plumchrus Marukawa, 1921 accepted as Neocalanus plumchrus (Marukawa, 1921)
Species Calanus plumosus Lubbock, 1854 accepted as Calanus hyperboreus Krøyer, 1838
Species Calanus plumulosus Claus, 1863 accepted as Calocalanus plumulosus (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus ponticus Karavaev, 1894 accepted as Calanus euxinus Hulsemann, 1991 (homonymy - see Hulsemann, 1991)
Species Calanus princeps Brady, 1883 accepted as Elenacalanus princeps (Brady, 1883)
Species Calanus pygmaeus Claus, 1863 accepted as Paracalanus pygmaeus (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus quinqueannulatus Krøyer, 1842 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus ramosus Mori, 1929 accepted as Calanus darwinii (Lubbock, 1860) accepted as Cosmocalanus darwinii (Lubbock, 1860) (Mori, 1932 called it an abnormal C. darwinii)
Species Calanus recticornis Dana, 1849 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770) (Giesbrecht, 1893:89)
Species Calanus robustior Giesbrecht, 1888 accepted as Neocalanus robustior (Giesbrecht, 1888)
Species Calanus rostrifrons Dana, 1849 accepted as Rhincalanus rostrifrons (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus sanguineus Dana, 1849 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus scutellatus Dana, 1849 accepted as Temora discaudata Giesbrecht, 1889
Species Calanus septentrionalis (Goodsir, 1843) accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus spitzbergensis Krøyer, 1843 accepted as Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770)
Species Calanus stylifer Dana, 1849 accepted as Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus syunpuensis Kurasige, 1933 accepted as Calanus helgolandicus (Claus, 1863) (an immature of Calanus helgolandicus)
Species Calanus tenuicornis Dana, 1849 accepted as Mesocalanus tenuicornis (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus tonsus Brady, 1883 accepted as Neocalanus tonsus (Brady, 1883)
Species Calanus turbinatus Dana, 1849 accepted as Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849)
Species Calanus valgus Brady, 1883 accepted as Nannocalanus minor (Claus, 1863)
Species Calanus vulgaris (Dana, 1849) accepted as Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Leach, W.E. (1816). Annulosa. In: Encyclopedia Britannica, supplement to the fourth, fifth and sixth editions 1:401-453, pls. 20-26. (vi-1816) [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2018). World of Copepods database. Calanus Leach, 1816. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=104152 on 2018-07-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-06 13:32:15Z
changed
2015-04-13 18:46:02Z
changed
2015-09-29 10:46:35Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Leach, W.E. (1816). Annulosa. In: Encyclopedia Britannica, supplement to the fourth, fifth and sixth editions 1:401-453, pls. 20-26. (vi-1816) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Boxshall, G. (2001). Copepoda (excl. Harpacticoida), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 252-268 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ices Zooplankton: Copepoda. sheet n° 32. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofCetochilus Roussel de Vauzeme, 1834) Claus, C. (1866). Die Copepoden-Fauna von Nizza. Ein Beitrag zur Charakteristik der Formen und deren Abanderungen 'im Sinne Darwin's'. Schriften der Gesellschaft zur Beforderung der Gesmmten Naturwissenschaften zu Marburg. suppllement 1: 1-34. Pls. 1-5.
page(s): 3 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCetochilus Roussel de Vauzeme, 1834) Claus, C. (1863). Die frei lebenden Copepoden mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Fauna Deutschlands, der Nordsee und des Mittelmeeres. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig 1-230, pls. 1-37., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43405#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 171 pl.26 [details]   

additional source  (ofCetochilus Roussel de Vauzeme, 1834) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

basis of record  (ofDaphinia Rafinesque, 1815) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofDaphinia Rafinesque, 1815) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

basis of record  (ofDiarthropus Brady, 1918) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofDiarthropus Brady, 1918) Walter, Chad. The world of Copepods. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

 



LanguageName 
Japanese カラヌス  [details]
Calanus finmarchicus, Calanus glacialis and Calanus hyperboreus
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus hyperboreus, low mag, 2,25x
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus, female, 3,25x
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus, spermatophores, high mag, 8,5x
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus
 Calanus finmarchicus
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Calanus finmarchicus C1
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus - female
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus from Sars, G.O. 1901
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus from Sars, G.O. 1901
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus from Sars, G.O. 1901
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Videos
Calanus finmarchicus
 Calanus finmarchicus
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Calanus finmarchicus autumn
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus spring
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus summer
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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Calanus finmarchicus winter
 Calanus finmarchicu...
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