WoRMS source details

Lévi, C. (1963). Spongiaires d’Afrique du Sud. (1) Poecilosclérides. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 37(1): 1-72, pls I-X.
7854
Lévi, C.
1963
Spongiaires d’Afrique du Sud. (1) Poecilosclérides
Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
37(1): 1-72, pls I-X
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Little is known of South African sponges. Large collections with notes on habitatll have recently been made by the University of Cape Town Ecological Survey under the direction of Professor J. H. Day. This paper, which is the first of a series, deals with 75 species of Demospongia Poecilosclerida of which 38 are new. The description of other groups will be followed by a general discussion of the distribution of these sessile animals.
Indian Ocean
South-east Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Acarnus claudei van Soest, Hooper & Hiemstra, 1991 (source of synonymy)
Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 (misapplication)
Anchinoe dayi Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas dayi (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Antho involvens (Schmidt, 1864) represented as Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (misapplication)
Artemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Axociella nervosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Biemna megalosigma var. sigmodragma Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Biemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Burtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963 accepted as Myxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Carmia macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Mycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (misapplication)
Carmia toxifera (Dendy, 1896) accepted as Mycale (Carmia) toxifera (Dendy, 1896) (additional source)
Clathria axociona Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria conica Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria dayi Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria elastica Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria flabellata (Burton, 1936) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) flabellata (Burton, 1936) (additional source)
Clathria hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880 represented as Clathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (additional source)
Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) pachystyla Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria parva Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) parva Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Clathria rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 represented as Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Clathria zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Coelosphaera navicelligera (Ridley, 1884) represented as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) navicelligera (Ridley, 1885) (additional source)
Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Crambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Crambeidae Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Desmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Isodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Desmacidon ramosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Fibulia ramosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Ectyomyxilla kerguelenensis sensu Lévi, 1963 accepted as Myxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Ectyomyxilla tenuissima (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Hymenancora tenuissima (Thiele, 1905) (new combination reference)
Ectyonancora Lévi, 1963 accepted as Ectyonopsis Carter, 1883 (original description)
Ectyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Ectyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Ectyonancora pluridentata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Ectyonopsis pluridentata (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Amphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Grayella erecta Lévi, 1963 accepted as Crella (Grayella) erecta (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916 accepted as Guitarra indica Dendy, 1916 (new combination reference)
Hamacantha esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) represented as Hamacantha (Vomerula) esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Hamacantha implicans Lundbeck, 1902 accepted as Hamacantha (Vomerula) papillata Vosmaer, 1885 (misapplication)
Histodermella ingolfi Lundbeck, 1910 (misapplication)
Homoeodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Isodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) (new combination reference)
Homoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Isodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Homoeodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) accepted as Isodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (basis of record)
Homoeodictya frondosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Isodictya frondosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Homoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Isodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Homoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Isodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Hymedesmia aurantiaca Lévi, 1963 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) aurantiaca Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (misapplication)
Isodictya frondosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Lissodendoryx areolata Lévi, 1963 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) areolata Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Lissodendoryx digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Lissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (new combination reference)
Lissoplocamia prima Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Antho (Acarnia) prima (Brøndsted, 1924) (additional source)
Microciona similis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) stephensae Hooper, 1996 (additional source)
Mycale anisochela Lévi, 1963 represented as Mycale (Mycale) anisochela Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 represented as Mycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Mycale phyllophila Hentschel, 1911 represented as Mycale (Carmia) phyllophila Hentschel, 1911 (additional source)
Mycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911 represented as Mycale (Mycale) sulcata Hentschel, 1911 (additional source)
Mycale trichela Lévi, 1963 represented as Mycale (Mycale) trichela Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (additional source)
Ophlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963 accepted as Echinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Ophlitaspongia seriata (sensu Johnston, 1842) accepted as Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866 (misapplication)
Paracornulum coherens Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Paresperella atlantica sensu Lévi, 1963 accepted as Mycale (Paresperella) levii (Uriz, 1987) (original description)
Paresperella toxifera Lévi, 1963 accepted as Mycale (Paresperella) toxifera (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Plocamionida ambigua (Bowerbank, 1866) (misapplication)
Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas clathratus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Pronax fibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas fibrosus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Pronax lamellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Phorbas lamellatus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Phorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882) (new combination reference)
Rhaphidophlus delaubenfelsi Lévi, 1963 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Rhaphidophlus lissocladus Burton, 1934 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) lissoclada (Burton, 1934) (additional source)
Tedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) represented as Tedania (Tedania) anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Tedania scottiae Stephens, 1915 accepted as Tedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Tedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 represented as Tedania (Tedania) stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Tedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Tedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Tetrapocillon novaezealandiae Brøndsted, 1924 (additional source)
Trachyforcepia australis Lévi, 1963 accepted as Forcepia (Leptolabis) australis (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Zygomycale parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Mycale (Zygomycale) parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Agulhas Bank for Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Antho involvens (Schmidt, 1864)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Axociella nervosa Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Biemna megalosigma var. sigmodragma Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Biemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Carmia toxifera (Dendy, 1896)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Clathria elastica Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Clathria hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Clathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880 
Agulhas Bank for Clathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Clathria zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Ectyonancora pluridentata Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Grayella erecta Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916 
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916 
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916 
Agulhas Bank for Hamacantha esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 
Agulhas Bank for Hamacantha implicans Lundbeck, 1902  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya frondosa Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx areolata Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Agulhas Bank for Lissoplocamia prima Brøndsted, 1924 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale phyllophila Hentschel, 1911 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911 
Agulhas Bank for Mycale trichela Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Ophlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Ophlitaspongia seriata (sensu Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Paresperella toxifera Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Pronax fibrosa Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882) 
Agulhas Bank for Rhaphidophlus delaubenfelsi Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Rhaphidophlus lissocladus Burton, 1934 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania scottiae Stephens, 1915 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Tedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963 
Agulhas Bank for Tetrapocillon novaezealandiae Brøndsted, 1924 
Namaqua for Anchinoe dayi Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Artemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Artemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Burtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Burtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Carmia macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Clathria axociona Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria conica Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria dayi Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria parva Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Clathria rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 
Namaqua for Desmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Desmacidon ramosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Namaqua for Echinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) 
Namaqua for Ectyomyxilla kerguelenensis sensu Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Ectyomyxilla tenuissima (Thiele, 1905) 
Namaqua for Ectyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Histodermella ingolfi Lundbeck, 1910  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Homoeodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) 
Namaqua for Homoeodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) 
Namaqua for Hymedesmia aurantiaca Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 
Namaqua for Microciona similis Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Mycale anisochela Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) 
Namaqua for Ophlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Paracornulum coherens Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Paresperella atlantica sensu Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Plocamionida ambigua (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Pronax lamellata Lévi, 1963 
Namaqua for Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882) 
Namaqua for Tedania scottiae Stephens, 1915 
Namaqua for Trachyforcepia australis Lévi, 1963 
Natal for Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 
Natal for Coelosphaera navicelligera (Ridley, 1884) 
Natal for Grayella erecta Lévi, 1963 
Natal for Lissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) 
Natal for Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963 
Natal for Tedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)  (inaccurate)
Natal for Zygomycale parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Holotype MNHN DCL 610, locality Natal, identified as Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963