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NameLévi, C. (1963). Spongiaires d’Afrique du Sud. (1) Poecilosclérides. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 37(1): 1-72, pls I-X.
SourceID7854
AuthorsLévi, C.
Year1963
TitleSpongiaires d’Afrique du Sud. (1) Poecilosclérides
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
Suffix37(1): 1-72, pls I-X
Type Publication
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractLittle is known of South African sponges. Large collections with notes on habitatll have recently been made by the University of Cape Town Ecological Survey under the direction of Professor J. H. Day. This paper, which is the first of a series, deals with 75 species of Demospongia Poecilosclerida of which 38 are new. The description of other groups will be followed by a general discussion of the distribution of these sessile animals.
Geographical
terms
Indian Ocean
South-east Atlantic
Bibliographical
term
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
term
Porifera
Taxa
(80)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcarnus claudei van Soest, Hooper & Hiemstra, 1991 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchinoe dayi Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas dayi (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho involvens (Schmidt, 1864) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxociella nervosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna megalosigma var. sigmodragma Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBurtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Burtonanchora) sigmatifera (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarmia macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarmia toxifera (Dendy, 1896) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) toxifera (Dendy, 1896) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria axociona Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria conica Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria dayi Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria elastica Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria flabellata (Burton, 1936) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) flabellata (Burton, 1936) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) pachystyla Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria parva Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) parva Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Clathria) zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera navicelligera (Ridley, 1884) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelosphaera (Coelosphaera) navicelligera (Ridley, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe chelastra Lévi, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe acuata (Lévi, 1958) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambeidae Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya ectofibrosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDesmacidon ramosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFibulia ramosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla kerguelenensis sensu Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyomyxilla tenuissima (Thiele, 1905) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenancora tenuissima (Thiele, 1905) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonancora Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis Carter, 1883 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis flabellata (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonancora pluridentata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEctyonopsis pluridentata (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEsperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphilectus informis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrayella erecta Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrella (Grayella) erecta (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuitarra indica Dendy, 1916 (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamacantha esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamacantha (Vomerula) esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamacantha implicans Lundbeck, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHamacantha (Vomerula) papillata Vosmaer, 1885 (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHistodermella ingolfi Lundbeck, 1910 (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya compressa (Esper, 1794) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya frondosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya frondosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya grandis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya multiformis (Stephens, 1915) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia aurantiaca Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) aurantiaca Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIophon proximum (Ridley, 1881) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsodictya frondosa (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx areolata Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) areolata Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ternatensis (Thiele, 1903) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissoplocamia prima Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Acarnia) prima (Brøndsted, 1924) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicrociona similis Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Microciona) stephensae Hooper, 1996 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale anisochela Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Mycale) anisochela Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Aegogropila) meridionalis Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale phyllophila Hentschel, 1911 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Carmia) phyllophila Hentschel, 1911 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Mycale) sulcata Hentschel, 1911 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale trichela Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Mycale) trichela Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla simplex (Baer, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) simplex (Baer, 1906) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphlitaspongia seriata (sensu Johnston, 1842) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOphlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866 (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacornulum coherens Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParesperella atlantica sensu Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Paresperella) levii (Uriz, 1987) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParesperella toxifera Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Paresperella) toxifera (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlocamionida ambigua (Bowerbank, 1866) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPronax clathrata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas clathratus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPronax fibrosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas fibrosus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPronax lamellata Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas lamellatus (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas pustulosus (Carter, 1882) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus delaubenfelsi Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhaphidophlus lissocladus Burton, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathria (Thalysias) lissoclada (Burton, 1934) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania scottiae Stephens, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) scotiae Stephens, 1915 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedania (Tedania) tubulifera Lévi, 1963 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapocillon novaezealandiae Brøndsted, 1924 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachyforcepia australis Lévi, 1963 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorForcepia (Leptolabis) australis (Lévi, 1963) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygomycale parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Zygomycale) parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Distributions
(91)
Agulhas Bank for Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Antho involvens (Schmidt, 1864)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Axociella nervosa Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Biemna megalosigma var. sigmodragma Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Biemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Carmia toxifera (Dendy, 1896)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Clathria elastica Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Clathria hexagonopora Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Clathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880
Agulhas Bank for Clathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Clathria zoanthifera Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Ectyonancora pluridentata Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Grayella erecta Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916
Agulhas Bank for Guitarra fimbriata var. indica Dendy, 1916
Agulhas Bank for Hamacantha esperioides (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Agulhas Bank for Hamacantha implicans Lundbeck, 1902  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya conulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya frondosa Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya grandis Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Agulhas Bank for Homoeodictya multiformis Stephens, 1915
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx areolata Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Lissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903)
Agulhas Bank for Lissoplocamia prima Brøndsted, 1924
Agulhas Bank for Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Mycale meridionalis Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Mycale phyllophila Hentschel, 1911
Agulhas Bank for Mycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911
Agulhas Bank for Mycale sulcata Hentschel, 1911
Agulhas Bank for Mycale trichela Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Ophlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Ophlitaspongia seriata (sensu Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Agulhas Bank for Paresperella toxifera Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Pronax fibrosa Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882)
Agulhas Bank for Rhaphidophlus delaubenfelsi Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Rhaphidophlus lissocladus Burton, 1934
Agulhas Bank for Tedania scottiae Stephens, 1915
Agulhas Bank for Tedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Tedania stylonychaeta Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Tedania tubulifera Lévi, 1963
Agulhas Bank for Tetrapocillon novaezealandiae Brøndsted, 1924
Namaqua for Anchinoe dayi Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Artemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Artemisina vulcani Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Burtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Burtonanchora sigmatifera Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Carmia macilenta (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Clathria axociona Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria conica Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria dayi Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria parva Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Clathria rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Crambe chelastra Lévi, 1960
Namaqua for Desmacidon ectofibrosa Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Desmacidon ramosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Namaqua for Echinoclathria dichotoma (Lévi, 1963)
Namaqua for Ectyomyxilla kerguelenensis sensu Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Ectyomyxilla tenuissima (Thiele, 1905)
Namaqua for Ectyonancora flabellata Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Esperiopsis informis Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Histodermella ingolfi Lundbeck, 1910  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Homoeodictya compressa (Esper, 1794)
Namaqua for Homoeodictya elastica (Vosmaer, 1880)
Namaqua for Hymedesmia aurantiaca Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Iophon proximum (Ridley, 1881)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Lissodendoryx digitata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Namaqua for Microciona similis Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Mycale anisochela Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Myxilla simplex (Baer, 1906)
Namaqua for Ophlitaspongia dichotoma Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Paracornulum coherens Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Paresperella atlantica sensu Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Plocamionida ambigua (Bowerbank, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Namaqua for Pronax lamellata Lévi, 1963
Namaqua for Pronax pustulosa (Carter, 1882)
Namaqua for Tedania scottiae Stephens, 1915
Namaqua for Trachyforcepia australis Lévi, 1963
Natal for Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963
Natal for Coelosphaera navicelligera (Ridley, 1884)
Natal for Grayella erecta Lévi, 1963
Natal for Lissodendoryx ternatensis (Thiele, 1903)
Natal for Pronax clathrata Lévi, 1963
Natal for Tedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)  (inaccurate)
Natal for Zygomycale parishii (Bowerbank, 1875)
Specimen
(1)
Holotype MNHN DCL 610, locality Natal, identified as Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963
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history
Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2016-07-01 17:09:02Z  changed  Boury-Esnault, Nicole
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