WoRMS source details

Burton, M. (1959). Sponges. In: Scientific Reports. John Murray Expedition 1933-34. 10(5). British Museum (Natural History): London. Pp. 151-281.
7292
Burton, M.
1959
Sponges
In: Scientific Reports. John Murray Expedition 1933-34. 10(5). British Museum (Natural History): London.
Pp. 151-281
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Indian Ocean, Western
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Acanthancora stylifera Burton, 1959 (original description)
Acanthotetilla Burton, 1959 (original description)
Acanthotetilla hemisphaerica Burton, 1959 (original description)
Acarnus topsenti Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Adocia digitata (Baer, 1906) accepted as Haliclona digitata (Baer, 1906) (new combination reference)
Adocia fibulatus (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (new combination reference)
Adocia fibulatus var. microsigma (Dendy, 1916) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Adocia pigmentifera (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Haliclona pigmentifera (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Adocia sagittarius (Sollas, 1902) accepted as Oceanapia sagittaria (Sollas, 1902) (new combination reference)
Adocia semifibrosa (Dendy, 1916) accepted as Haliclona semifibrosa (Dendy, 1916) (new combination reference)
Adocia tufoides (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) tufoides (Dendy, 1922) (new combination reference)
Amorphinopsis megalorrhaphis (Carter, 1881) accepted as Topsentia megalorrhapis (Carter, 1881) (new combination reference)
Antho (Acarnia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Antho (Plocamia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Antho arbuscula (Burton, 1959) represented as Antho (Acarnia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Aplysina euplectella (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Fasciospongia euplectella (Hentschel, 1912) (new combination reference)
Aplysina primitiva Burton, 1959 (original description)
Aplysinopsis reticulata Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Fascaplysinopsis reticulata (Hentschel, 1912) (additional source)
Axinella agariciformis (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959 (original description)
Axinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (additional source)
Axinella dragmaxioides Burton, 1959 (original description)
Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959 (original description)
Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Axinella massalis Burton, 1959 (original description)
Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959 (original description)
Biemna ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 accepted as Biemna ehrenbergi (Keller, 1889) (original description)
Biemna megastyla (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Bubaris conulifera Dendy, 1922 accepted as Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Bubaris radiata Dendy, 1916 accepted as Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Cacospongia herdmani (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Luffariella herdmani (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Cacospongia symbiotica Burton, 1959 (original description)
Callyspongia (Callyspongia) barodensis Burton, 1959 (original description)
Callyspongia (Callyspongia) rowi Burton, 1959 (original description)
Callyspongia barodensis Burton, 1959 represented as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) barodensis Burton, 1959 (original description)
Callyspongia rowi Burton, 1959 represented as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) rowi Burton, 1959 (original description)
Chrotella eurystoma sensu Burton, 1959 accepted as Paratetilla corrugata Dendy, 1922 (new combination reference)
Cinachyrella cavernosa (sensu Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) densa (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) longistyla (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Clathria anonyma (Burton, 1959) represented as Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria densa (Burton, 1959) represented as Clathria (Microciona) densa (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Clathria spongiosa Burton, 1959 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) spongodes Dendy, 1922 (original description)
Craniella oxeata (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Damirina Burton, 1959 accepted as Zyzzya Laubenfels, 1936 (original description)
Damirina verticillata Burton, 1959 accepted as Zyzzya fuliginosa (Carter, 1879) (original description)
Echinoclathria minor (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Echinoplocamia Burton, 1959 accepted as Antho (Plocamia) Schmidt, 1870 (original description)
Echinoplocamia arbuscula Burton, 1959 accepted as Antho (Plocamia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Ecionemia nigra Sollas, 1888 (basis of record)
Ectyodoryx coralliophila Burton, 1959 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) coralliophila Burton, 1959 (original description)
Ectyodoryx rhaphidiophora Burton, 1959 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) rhaphidiophora (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Grantessa sycilloides (Schuffner, 1877) accepted as Sycettusa sycilloides (Schuffner, 1877) (misapplication)
Haliclona carteri Burton, 1959 (original description)
Haliclona cerebrum (Burton, 1928) (additional source)
Haliclona contignata (Thiele, 1899) accepted as Neopetrosia contignata (Thiele, 1899) (additional source)
Haliclona decidua (Topsent, 1906) (additional source)
Haliclona expansa (Thiele, 1903) accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) expansa (Thiele, 1903) (new combination reference)
Haliclona flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Haliclona (Flagellia) flagellifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (misapplication)
Haliclona irregularis (Kirkpatrick, 1900) (new combination reference)
Haliclona obtusispiculifera (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Niphates obtusispiculifera (Dendy, 1905) (new combination reference)
Haliclona ochracea (Keller, 1889) accepted as Amphimedon ochracea (Keller, 1889) (new combination reference)
Haliclona seychellensis (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) seychellensis Dendy, 1922 (new combination reference)
Haliclona tabernacula (Row, 1911) represented as Haliclona (Reniera) tabernacula (Row, 1911) (additional source)
Haliclona tuberosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Neopetrosia tuberosa (Dendy, 1922) (new combination reference)
Hamacantha (Hamacantha) simplex Burton, 1959 (original description)
Hamacantha simplex Burton, 1959 represented as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) simplex Burton, 1959 (original description)
Hemectyonilla Burton, 1959 accepted as Aulospongus Norman, 1878 (original description)
Hemectyonilla gardineri (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Aulospongus gardineri (Dendy, 1922) (new combination reference)
Hemectyonilla involuta (Kirkpatrick, 1903) accepted as Aulospongus involutus (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (new combination reference)
Higginsia robusta Burton, 1959 (original description)
Hircinia arenosa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammocinia arenosa (Lendenfeld, 1888) (misapplication)
Hircinia aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Ircinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) murrayi Burton, 1959 (original description)
Hymedesmia murrayi Burton, 1959 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) murrayi Burton, 1959 (original description)
Hymeniacidon variospiculata Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Hymeniacidon virgultosa (Carter, 1887) accepted as Phakettia virgultosa (Carter, 1887) (source of synonymy)
Laxosuberites longispiculus Burton, 1959 accepted as Protosuberites longispiculus (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Leuconia wasinensis (Jenkin, 1908) accepted as Leucandrilla wasinensis (Jenkin, 1908) (misapplication)
Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) coralliophila Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) rhaphidiophora (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) damirioides Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) tubicola Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx coralliophila Burton, 1959 represented as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) coralliophila Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx damirioides Burton, 1959 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) damirioides Burton, 1959 (original description)
Lissodendoryx rhaphidiophora (Burton, 1959) represented as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) rhaphidiophora (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Lissodendoryx tubicola Burton, 1959 represented as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) tubicola Burton, 1959 (original description)
Microciona affinis Carter, 1880 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Microciona anonyma Burton, 1959 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Microciona densa Burton, 1959 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) densa (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Microciona longistyla Burton, 1959 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) longistyla (Burton, 1959) (original description)
Microciona longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) (additional source)
Microciona rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) (new combination reference)
Mycale (Mycale) topsenti Burton, 1959 (original description)
Arabian Sea for Plocamilla manaarensis (Carter, 1880) 
East African Coral Coast for Adocia digitata (Baer, 1906) 
East African Coral Coast for Adocia pigmentifera (Dendy, 1905) 
East African Coral Coast for Aplysina primitiva Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) 
East African Coral Coast for Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Axinella massalis Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Callyspongia diffusa (Ridley, 1884) 
East African Coral Coast for Ciocalypta digitata (Dendy, 1905) 
East African Coral Coast for Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880) 
East African Coral Coast for Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) 
East African Coral Coast for Epipolasis suluensis (Wilson, 1925) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona cerebrum (Burton, 1928) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona contignata (Thiele, 1899) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona decidua (Topsent, 1906) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona expansa (Thiele, 1903) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona irregularis (Kirkpatrick, 1900) 
East African Coral Coast for Haliclona seychellensis (Dendy, 1922) 
East African Coral Coast for Oceanapia cagayanensis (Wilson, 1925) 
East African Coral Coast for Oceanapia media (Thiele, 1899) 
East African Coral Coast for Oceanapia zoologica (Dendy, 1905) 
East African Coral Coast for Penares intermedia (Dendy, 1905) 
East African Coral Coast for Petrosia mauritiana (Carter, 1885) 
East African Coral Coast for Petrosia nigricans Lindgren, 1897  (inaccurate)
East African Coral Coast for Petrosia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) 
East African Coral Coast for Phakellia flabelloreticulata (Burton, 1959) 
East African Coral Coast for Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) 
East African Coral Coast for Timea spherastraea Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Timea tethyoides Burton, 1959 
East African Coral Coast for Topsentia megalorrhapis (Carter, 1881) 
East African Coral Coast for Topsentia salomonensis (Dendy, 1922) 
Gulf of Aden for Adocia semifibrosa (Dendy, 1916) 
Gulf of Aden for Agelas mauritiana (Carter, 1883) 
Gulf of Aden for Antho (Acarnia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) 
Gulf of Aden for Aplysina euplectella (Hentschel, 1912) 
Gulf of Aden for Aulospongus tubulatus (Bowerbank, 1873) 
Gulf of Aden for Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) 
Gulf of Aden for Biemna megastyla (Burton, 1959) 
Gulf of Aden for Callyspongia diffusa (Ridley, 1884) 
Gulf of Aden for Chrotella cavernosa sensu Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Chrotella eurystoma sensu Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) 
Gulf of Aden for Ectyodoryx rhaphidiophora Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Grantessa sycilloides (Schuffner, 1877)  (inaccurate)
Gulf of Aden for Haliclona carteri Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Haliclona contignata (Thiele, 1899) 
Gulf of Aden for Haliclona irregularis (Kirkpatrick, 1900) 
Gulf of Aden for Haliclona semifibrosa (Dendy, 1916) 
Gulf of Aden for Hemectyonilla involuta (Kirkpatrick, 1903) 
Gulf of Aden for Higginsia robusta Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Hymeniacidon virgultosa (Carter, 1887) 
Gulf of Aden for Microciona longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) 
Gulf of Aden for Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) 
Gulf of Aden for Polymastia clavata Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Polymastia murrayi Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Polymastia murrayi Burton, 1959 
Gulf of Aden for Rhabderemia indica Dendy, 1905 
Gulf of Aden for Sycon munitum Jenkin, 1908 
Gulf of Aden for Sycon munitum Jenkin, 1908 
Gulf of Aden for Trachycladus cervicornis Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Adocia fibulatus var. microsigma (Dendy, 1916) 
Maldives for Adocia sagittarius (Sollas, 1902) 
Maldives for Adocia tufoides (Dendy, 1922) 
Maldives for Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862  (inaccurate)
Maldives for Haliclona (Reniera) tufoides (Dendy, 1922) 
Maldives for Haliclona flagellifer (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)  (inaccurate)
Maldives for Haliclona irregularis (Kirkpatrick, 1900) 
Maldives for Hamacantha (Hamacantha) simplex Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) coralliophila Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Oceanapia elastica (Keller, 1891) 
Maldives for Oceanapia putridosa (Lamarck, 1815)  (inaccurate)
Maldives for Pachymatisma bifida Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Polymastia murrayi Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Protosuberites longispiculus (Burton, 1959) 
Maldives for Tentorina sigmatophora Burton, 1959 
Maldives for Vulcanella (Vulcanella) theneides (Burton, 1959) 
Maldives for Vulcanella theneides (Burton, 1959) 
Maldives Exclusive Economic Zone for Microciona rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) 
Oman for Craniella oxeata (Burton, 1959) 
Oman for Suberites ramulosus Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Oman for Tetilla oxeata Burton, 1959 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Acarnus topsenti Dendy, 1922 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Amorphinopsis megalorrhaphis (Carter, 1881) 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Aplysina mollis Row, 1911 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Axinella agariciformis (Dendy, 1905) 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Axinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Cacospongia herdmani (Dendy, 1905) 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Cacospongia symbiotica Burton, 1959 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Callyspongia barodensis Burton, 1959 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Carteriospongia cordifolia Keller, 1889 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Druinella ramosa Thiele, 1899 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Euryspongia lactea Row, 1911 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Higginsia robusta Burton, 1959 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Hircinia aruensis Hentschel, 1912 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Megalopastas retiara Dendy, 1916 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Pseudaxinyssa tenuispiculata Burton, 1931 
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759  (inaccurate)
Omani Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongionella frondosa sensu Burton, 1959 
Holotype BMNH 1912.2.1.53, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Callyspongia rowi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1925.11.1.230, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) barodensis Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1925.11.1.230, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Callyspongia barodensis Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.215, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.303, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Timea spherastraea Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.304, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Timea tethyoides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.305, locality Maldives, identified as Polymastia murrayi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.313, locality Maldives, identified as Sphinctrella theneides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.316, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.319, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Axinella dragmaxioides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.325, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.339, locality Maldives, identified as Pachymatisma bifida Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.339, locality Maldives, identified as Laxosuberites longispiculus Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.342, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Higginsia robusta Burton, 1959
Paratype BMNH 1936.3.4.346, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Higginsia robusta Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.354, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Raspaigella dendyi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.391, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Cacospongia symbiotica Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.412, locality Maldives, identified as Hamacantha simplex Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.413, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Echinoplocamia arbuscula Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.427, locality Southern Red Sea, identified as Clathria spongiosa Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.431, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Biemna ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.456, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Microciona densa Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.482, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Ectyodoryx rhaphidiophora Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.487, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Hymedesmia murrayi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.488, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Lissodendoryx ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.497, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Polymastia clavata Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.506, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Ectyodoryx coralliophila Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.509, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Axinella massalis Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.510, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Damirina verticillata Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.526, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Phorbas stylifer Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.53, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Myxilla dendyi Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.530, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Acanthotetilla hemisphaerica Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.532, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Aplysina primitiva Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.536, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Sigmaxinella megastyla Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.542, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Mycale (Mycale) topsenti Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.547, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Lissodendoryx damirioides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.555, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Lissodendoryx tubicola Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.575, locality East African Coral Coast, identified as Microciona anonyma Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.576, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Trachycladus tethyoides Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.583, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Microciona longistyla Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.600, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Acanthancora stylifera Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.609, locality Western Arabian Sea, identified as Ophlitaspongia minor Burton, 1959
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.610, locality Gulf of Aden, identified as Trachycladus cervicornis Burton, 1959
 Synonymy

The variety incrustans of Isodictya simulans described by Carter (1887) from the Mergui Archipelago here ... [details]