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SourceID40928
NameReid D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society 463p.
Type Publication
NoteCLEMAM P1889
Taxa
(285)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlgaroda Dall, 1918 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBacalia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrevilittorina Golikov, Dolgolenko, Maximovich & Scarlato, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCricostoma Mörch, 1857 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLeptothyra sakaensis Yokoyama, 1925 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina Menke, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina arctica Møller, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina arctica var. retusa Møller, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina arenica Dunker, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectarius striatus (King, 1832) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina brevicula f. depressior Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina brevicula f. eliator Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina brevicula var. laevigata Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina globosa Dunker, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectarius striatus (King, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina gouldiana Weinkauff, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina groenlandica Menke, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina incarnata Philippi, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina ioides Menke, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina limata Lovén, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina macerwinii Philippi, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina mandshurica Schrenk, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina mandshurica f. depressior Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina mandshurica f. elatior Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina mandshurica var. carinata Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina mandshurica var. laevigata Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina mandshurica (Schrenk, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina marmorata L. Pfeiffer, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina merwinii Philippi, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina obtusata var. fasciata Menke, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina obtusata var. unicolor Menke, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina obtusata var. zonata Menke, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sitchana Philippi, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sitkana (Philippi, 1846) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sitkana var. atkana Dall, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sulcata Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina sulcata Menke, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa f. depressior Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa var. albida Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa var. fasciata Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa var. fusca Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina terebrosa var. laevigata Schrenk, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLitorina vittata Philippi, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorelaea Leach, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorelaea pultneyii Leach in Gray, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina Férussac, 1822 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina affinis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectarius striatus (King, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina aleutica Dall, 1872 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arcana Hannaford-Ellis, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arctica (Møller, 1842) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arctica var. angulata M. Sars, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arctica var. eliator M. Sars, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina arenica Jay, 1839 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectarius striatus (King, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina armoricana Locard, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina balteata Reeve, 1857 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina bartonensis Brown, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina beanii MacGillivray, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina bizonalis Récluz, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina canariensis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTectarius striatus (King, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina castanea A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina cincta Gould, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina communis Brown, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina danieli Locard, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina etolonensis Sinelnikova in Gladenkov & Sinelnikova, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabula Kobelt, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina grandis Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina squalida Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina groenlandica var. laevior Mörch, 1857 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina heterospiralis Grabau & King, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina horikawai Matsubayashi & Habe in Habe, 1979 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina islandica Reid, 1996 † (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina itelmenica Sinelnikova in Gladenkov & Sinelnikova, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina brevicula (Philippi, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina keenae Rosewater, 1978 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila var. costulata Middendorff, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila var. fasciatus Middendorff, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila var. fuscus Middendorff, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila var. griseolacteus Middendorff, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina kurila var. zonatus Middendorff, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina sitkana Philippi, 1846 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina lepida Gould, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina scutulata Gould, 1849 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina litorea [sic] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina litorea var. brevicula Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina litorea var. paupercula Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina litorea var. sinistrorsa Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina litorea var. turrita Jeffreys, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea f. intermedia Brøgger, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. angulata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. antiqua Wood, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. balteata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. complanata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. conica Harmer, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. deformis Wood, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. delphinula Wood, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. distorta Harmer, 1920 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. elegans Wood, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea var. fuscofasciatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLittorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)

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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
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