WoRMS source details

Meißner, K.; Bick, A.; Bastrop, R. 2011. On the identity of Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776)—with the designation of a neotype, and the description of two new species from the North East Atlantic Ocean based on morphological and genetic studies. Zootaxa (2815): 1-27
152536
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
The aim of this study is to solve taxonomic problems pertaining to Spio filicornis (O.F. Muller, 1776). The original description by O.F. Muller was very brief and type material was not deposited. Based on the literature the confusion about the identity of the species has been tremendous; e.g., it was only recently realized that at least two different species from the North and Baltic Seas could be identified as S. filicornis (Bick et al. 2010). The present study is based on material collected by the authors in 2009 at the type locality in Iluilarssuk, near Paamiut, SW Greenland. Spio filicornis is redescribed in detail and illustrated comprehensively. A neotype has been designated and deposited in the collection of Rostock University. Species formerly referred to as S. cf. filicornis from the North and Baltic Seas (Bick et al. 2010) are formally described as two new species, Spio arndti sp. nov., and S. symphyta sp. nov. The morphological diagnostic characters within Spio are discussed. Information on three molecular markers (16S rDNA, 18S rDNA, cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) is also provided. The genetic divergence between the three Spio species corroborates the taxonomic discrimination.
North Atlantic
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
created
db_admin

Danish part of the North Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio symphyta Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011 
Eckernförder Bucht Mit Flachgründen for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio arndti Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011 
Greenlandic part of the Davis Strait for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpio filicornis (Müller, 1776) 
Neotype ZSRO P-2059, identified as Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776)
Neotype ZSRO ZSRO P-2059, identified as Nereis filicornis Müller, 1776
Holotype ZSRO ZSRO P-2061, locality Baltic Sea, identified as Spio arndti Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Holotype ZSRO ZSRO P-2064, locality North Sea, identified as Spio symphyta Meißner, Bick & Bastrop, 2011
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

As redescribed (Meißner et al, 2011) so far known only from Iluilârssuk (neotype locality) and Paamiut ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

So far known only from the western Baltic Sea (type locality). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

So far known only from the North Sea. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Editor's comment

Superfamilies under suborder Aphroditiformia are currently disused and equivalent, therefore all, including ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

After Professor Ernst Albert Arndt, lecturer for zoology and marine biology at Rostock University and an expert for ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet symphyta is a New Latin word with Greek origin and the neuter plural of symphytos, meaning ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

In fine and coarse sand areas without silt in subtidal regions of the North Sea. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

In sandy or pebbly sediments in subtidal regions. It was usually found in small numbers (fewer than 10 specimens ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

[Neotype] Iluilârssuk, near Paamiut (Frederikshaab) Greenland, 61 50.059 N, 49 25.183 W (61.834317 -49.419717), ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Eckernförde Bay, Kieler Bucht, western Baltic Sea: 54° 30.154’ N, 10° 01.733’ E (54.502567°, 10.028883°), ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Neotype, Near Paamiut (Frederikshaab), Iluilârssuk, West Greenland, 61° 50.059’ N, 49° 25.183’ W ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Off Schleswig-Holstein, North Sea, 55° 13.06’ N, 06° 51.297’E (55.217667°, 6.85495°), 29 m.  [details]