WoRMS source details

Pillai, T. G. (2009). Descriptions of new serpulid polychaetes from the Kimberleys of Australia and discussion of Australian and Indo-West Pacific species of Spirobranchus and superficially similar taxa. Records of the Australian Museum. 61(2): 93-199.
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Pillai, T. G.
2009
Descriptions of new serpulid polychaetes from the Kimberleys of Australia and discussion of Australian and Indo-West Pacific species of Spirobranchus and superficially similar taxa
Records of the Australian Museum
61(2): 93-199
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
In 1988 Pat Hutchings of the Australian Museum, Sydney, undertook an extensive polychaete collection trip off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia, where such a survey had not been conducted since Augener’s (1914) description of some polychaetes from the region. Serpulids were well represented in the collection, and their present study revealed the existence of two new genera, and new species belonging to the genera Protula, Vermiliopsis, Hydroides, Serpula and Spirobranchus. The synonymy of the difficult genera Spirobranchus, Pomatoceros and Pomatoleios is also dealt with. Certain difficult taxa currently referred to as “species complexes” or “species groups” are discussed. For this purpose it was considered necessary to undertake a comparison of apparently similar species, especially of Spirobranchus, from other locations in Australia and the Indo-West Pacific region. It revealed the existence of many more new species, which are also described and discussed below.
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Hydroides adamaformis Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Hydroides exaltatus (Marenzeller, 1885) accepted as Hydroides exaltata (Marenzeller, 1885) (additional source)
Hydroides kimberleyensis Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Hydroides minax (Grube, 1878) (additional source)
Hydroides pseudexaltatus Pillai, 2009 [original] accepted as Hydroides pseudexaltata Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Hydroides simplidentatus Pillai, 2009 accepted as Hydroides simplidentata Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Hydroides spiculitubus Pillai, 2009 accepted as Hydroides tambalagamensis Pillai, 1961 (original description)
Hydroides spiratubus Pillai, 2009 accepted as Hydroides albiceps (Grube, 1870) (original description)
Hydroides trihamulatus Pillai, 2009 accepted as Hydroides malleolaspina Straughan, 1967 (original description)
Kimberleya Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Kimberleya hutchingsae Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Pomatoceros australis accepted as Spirobranchus zibrowii Pillai, 2009 (basis of record)
Pomatoleios Pixell, 1913 accepted as Spirobranchus Blainville, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Pomatoleios kraussii manilensis Pillai, 1965 accepted as Spirobranchus kraussii (Baird, 1865) (source of synonymy)
Pomatostegus actinoceras Mörch, 1863 (additional source)
Protula bispiralis (Savigny, 1822) (additional source)
Pseudoprotula Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Pseudoprotula kimberleyensis Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Serpula amplilobata Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Serpula crenata (Ehlers, 1908) (additional source)
Serpula jukesi Baird, 1865 (additional source)
Serpula nudiradiata Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Serpula watsoni Willey, 1905 (redescription)
Spiraserpula snellii Pillai & Ten Hove, 1994 (additional source)
Spirobranchus acuiconus (Pillai, 1960) accepted as Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861) (new combination reference)
Spirobranchus arabicus Monro, 1937 (redescription)
Spirobranchus australis accepted as Spirobranchus zibrowii Pillai, 2009 (basis of record)
Spirobranchus baileybrockae Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus corniculatus (Grube, 1862) (additional source)
Spirobranchus elatensis Pillai, 2009 accepted as Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Spirobranchus gardineri Pixell, 1913 (additional source)
Spirobranchus giganteus arabica Monro, 1937 accepted as Spirobranchus arabicus Monro, 1937 (redescription)
Spirobranchus kraussii (Baird, 1865) (new combination reference)
Spirobranchus kuwaitensis Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus latiscapus (Marenzeller, 1885) (additional source)
Spirobranchus maldivensis Pixell, 1913 (redescription)
Spirobranchus murrayi Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus oligotremus (Straughan, 1967) (new combination reference)
Spirobranchus paumotanus (Chamberlin, 1919) (additional source)
Spirobranchus paumotanus (Chamberlin, 1919) (redescription)
Spirobranchus polytrema (Philippi, 1844) (additional source)
Spirobranchus pseudopolytremus Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus richardsmithi Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus tenhovei Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus triqueter (Linnaeus, 1758) (new combination reference)
Spirobranchus zelandicus Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Spirobranchus zibrowii Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Temporaria oligotrema Straughan, 1967 accepted as Spirobranchus oligotremus (Straughan, 1967) (new combination reference)
Temporaria polytrema (Straughan, 1967) accepted as Spirobranchus pseudopolytremus Pillai, 2009 (source of synonymy)
Vermiliopsis cylindrica Pillai, 2009 (original description)
Vermiliopsis glandigera Gravier, 1906 (additional source)
Holotype AM AM W21443, locality Kimberley, identified as Hydroides spiculitubus Pillai, 2009
Holotype BM NHM ANEA 2009.20, locality North Island, identified as Spirobranchus zelandicus Pillai, 2009
Nontype AM W21412, locality Kimberley, identified as Hydroides trihamulatus Pillai, 2009
 Editor's comment

Pomatostegus polytrema (Philippi, 1844) as far as from temperate Australia, erroneously referred to as Pomatoceros ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Part of Pixell's material has been re-identified as Spirobranchus murrayi Pillai, 2009; Sp. maldivensis as ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "Named after its characteristic inner tube". No derivation given. 'Tubus' is a masculine Latin noun, ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "Named after the spirally coiled tube". No derivation given. 'Tubus' is a masculine Latin noun, spira a ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "Named after its type locality, New Zealand". Pillai evidently preferred the spelling of 'zelandicus' ... [details]

 Etymology

author: "The specific name adamaformis is derived from the Latin adamas = diamond, and refers to the diamond-shaped ... [details]

 Etymology

The author named H. kimberleyensis after the Kimberley region of Western Australia. [details]

 Etymology

The author states he named H. pseudexaltatus after the superficial similarity of the operculum to that of H. exaltatus. [details]

 Etymology

The author states the name H. simplidentatus “refers to the simple unmodified spines at the base of the enlarged ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

author's species name 'spiratubus' appears to be a compound noun in apposition, unchanging for gender agreement  [details]

 Grammatical gender

author's species name 'spiculitubus' appears to be a compound noun in apposition, unchanging for gender agreement [details]

 Grammatical gender

no change even if treated as an adjectival name as -formis has the same ending feminine or masculine (adamas is ... [details]

 Status

regarded to be a complex of species by Frank & ten Hove (1992), Fiege & ten Hove (1999: 362), ten Hove & ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymized by e.g. ten Hove (1970) with Spirobranchus tetraceros, the taxon has been reinstated by Pillai (2009: ... [details]

 Taxonomy

the Natural History Museum BMNH 1924.6.13.114 [details]

 Type locality

: "Island off north east Heywood Island" Kimberley, Western Australia. The author's given geolocation (15°05'S ... [details]

 Type locality

east side of Fenelon Island, Kimberleys, Western Australia, 30 m, -15.2167°, 124.5167° [details]

 Type locality

Long Reef, Kimberleys, Western Australia, -13.9667 125.6333, 25 m [details]

 Type locality

No holotype, but only collection site (AM W21412 and AM W202944) was a sand cay on Port George IV Inlet, Kimberley, ... [details]

 Type locality

Off east side of Fenelon Island (main island of Institut Islands) at 6 m, Kimberley, Western Australia [details]

 Type locality

off North Island coast, near Kapiti Island, New Zealand, Discovery Station 941, -40.8567°, 174.8033°(40°51.4'S ... [details]

 Type locality

Unnamed reef north-west of (cf. author’s non-reef supplied geolocation which is east of) Buffon Island, ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype and paratype, BMNH 1959.10.10.39; [details]