WoRMS source details

Boury-Esnault, N.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Ledoyer, M.; Saldanha, L.; Zibrowius, H. (2001). Peuplement benthique des grottes sous-marines de Sagres (Portugal, Atlantique nord-oriental). Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal. Sup. 6: 15-38.
141332
Boury-Esnault, N.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Ledoyer, M.; Saldanha, L.; Zibrowius, H.
2001
Peuplement benthique des grottes sous-marines de Sagres (Portugal, Atlantique nord-oriental)
Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal
Sup. 6: 15-38
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The benthic communities of 8 submarine caves from Sagres area (southern Portugal) have been surveyed by scuba diving (organismic and photographic sampling). These relatively shallow (vault: 10-16 m depth) and large (maximum length: 115 m) caves are subjected to relatively strong water circulation (waves, tides), except for some small more confined dark areas. As a result and with reference to Mediterranean caves, the community typically associated to dark, confined cavities is limited to those few calmer recesses despite the wide extension of darkness. Conversely, communities typical of shadyed and semidark parts expand widely inside the caves, together with some rheophylic invertebrates. Five physionomic zones have been distinguished in these caves. Species richness of sponges, scleractinians and bryozoans appears to be lower than in dark caves of the Mediterranean. The most interesting faunal traits of these caves are: (i) the occurrence of rich mixed populations of brachiopods (5 species) and of mysids (2 species) in remote parts; (ii) the occurrence of some species considered as Mediterranean endemics; (iii) the absence of some expected species (e.g. Corallium rubrum); (iv) the replacement of several Mediterranean species, highly diagnostic of cave environment, by vicariant sibling species, e.g. in the genera Aplysina (sponges), Puellina (bryozoans), Hemimysis (mysids).
Ecology
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Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2014-11-04 17:15:32Z
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2017-11-26 20:47:38Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella vaceleti Pansini, 1984 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinyssa digitata (Cabioch, 1968) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathrina clathrus (Schmidt, 1864) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCorticium candelabrum Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDercitus bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDercitus (Dercitus) bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErylus euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPenares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia versicolor (Topsent, 1893) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia (Hymedesmia) versicolor (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsops intuta (Topsent, 1892) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaminella intuta (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale massa (Schmidt, 1862) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale (Mycale) massa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOscarella lobularis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrissa pathologica (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalthropella (Calthropella) pathologica (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera fulva Topsent, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Halichoclona) fulva (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera mucosa Griessinger, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Soestella) mucosa (Griessinger, 1971) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScopalina lophyropoda Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpiraserpula massiliensis (Zibrowius, 1968) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia agaricina Pallas, 1766 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Spongia) agaricina Pallas, 1766 (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Spongia) virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus mucronatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThymosia guernei Topsent, 1895 (additional source)
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAaptos aaptos (Schmidt, 1864) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella vaceleti Pansini, 1984 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinyssa digitata (Cabioch, 1968) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCiocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClathrina clathrus (Schmidt, 1864) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCorticium candelabrum Schmidt, 1862 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendroxea lenis (Topsent, 1892) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDercitus bucklandi (Bowerbank, 1858) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErylus euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGeodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymedesmia versicolor (Topsent, 1893) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsops intuta (Topsent, 1892) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale massa (Schmidt, 1862) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOscarella lobularis (Schmidt, 1862) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachastrissa pathologica (Schmidt, 1868) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas tenacior (Topsent, 1925) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze, 1879) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera fulva Topsent, 1893 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReniera mucosa Griessinger, 1971 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScopalina lophyropoda Schmidt, 1862 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia agaricina Pallas, 1766  (inaccurate)
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStryphnus mucronatus (Schmidt, 1868) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThymosia guernei Topsent, 1895