Amphipoda Logo
About | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Distribution | Specimens | Literature | Images | Stats | Newsletter | ID keys | Talitraits | Log in

Amphipoda taxon details

Gammarus Fabricius, 1775

101537  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101537)

accepted
Genus
Fontogammarus S. Karaman, 1931 (junior subjective synonym)
Lagunogammarus Sket, 1971 (junior synonym)
Rivulogammarus S. Karaman, 1931 (objective junior synonym, no type species indicated)
Species Gammarus abscisus G. Karaman, 1973
Species Gammarus abstrusus Hou, Platvoet & Li, 2006
Species Gammarus acalceolatus Pinkster, 1970
Species Gammarus accolae G. Karaman, 1973
Species Gammarus accretus Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus acherondytes Hubricht & Mackins, 1940
Species Gammarus aequicauda (Martynov, 1931)
Species Gammarus agrarius G. Karaman, 1973
Species Gammarus albimanus G. Karaman, 1968
Species Gammarus alius Sidorov, 2012
Species Gammarus alsaticus Van Straelen, 1924 †
Species Gammarus altus Hou & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus amabilis Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus anatoliensis Schellenberg, 1937
Species Gammarus angulatus (Martynov, 1930)
Species Gammarus angusticoxalis Martynov, 1935
Species Gammarus annandalei (Monod, 1924)
Species Gammarus annulatus Smith, 1873
Species Gammarus anodon Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998
Species Gammarus aoculus Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus araxenius Derzhavin, 1938
Species Gammarus arduus G. Karaman, 1975
Species Gammarus argaeus Vávra, 1905
Species Gammarus bakhteyaricus Khalayi-Pirbalanty & Sari, 2004
Species Gammarus balcanicus Schäferna, 1923
Species Gammarus baloutchi Khalaji-Pirbalouty & Sari, 2006
Species Gammarus barnaulensis Schellenberg, 1937
Species Gammarus baysali Özbek et al., 2013
Species Gammarus belli G. Karaman, 1984
Species Gammarus beningus Hou, Li & Li, 2014
Species Gammarus bergi Martinov, 1930
Species Gammarus birsteini Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus bitaensis Shu, Yang & Chen, 2012
Species Gammarus bosniacus Schäferna, 1923
Species Gammarus bousfieldi Cole & Minckley, 1961
Species Gammarus brevicornis (Martynov, 1935)
Species Gammarus brevipodus Hou, Li & Platvoet, 2004
Species Gammarus breviramus Bousfield & Elwood, 1971
Species Gammarus bucharensis Martynov, 1935
Species Gammarus caecigenus Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus caparti Petre-Stroobants, 1981
Species Gammarus caucasicus Martynov, 1932
Species Gammarus caudisetus Viviani, 1805
Species Gammarus chaohuensis Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus chevreuxi Sexton, 1913
Species Gammarus chimkenti G. Karaman, 1984
Species Gammarus chostensis Martynov, 1932
Species Gammarus citatus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus clarus Hou & Li, 2010
Species Gammarus cohabitus Holsinger, Shafer, Fong & Culver, 2008
Species Gammarus comosus Hou, Li & Gao, 2005
Species Gammarus craspedotrichus Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus crenulatus G.S. Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus crinicaudatus Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998
Species Gammarus crinicornis Stock, 1966
Species Gammarus crispus Martynov, 1932
Species Gammarus cryptoparechiniformis Grabowski, Wysocka & Mamos, 2016
Species Gammarus cryptosalemaai Grabowski, Wysocka & Mamos, 2016
Species Gammarus curvativus Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus dabanus Tachteew & Mekhanikova, 2000
Species Gammarus dacicus (Dobrenau & Manolache, 1942)
Species Gammarus daiberi Bousfield, 1969
Species Gammarus dalmatinus (S. Karaman, 1931)
Species Gammarus decorosus Meng, Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus denticulatus Hou, Li & Morino, 2002
Species Gammarus deryae Özbek, 2018
Species Gammarus desperatus Cole, 1981
Species Gammarus dorsosetosus Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Gammarus duebeni Lilljeborg, 1852
Species Gammarus dulensis S. Karaman, 1929
Species Gammarus echinatus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus edwardsi Spence Bate, 1862
Species Gammarus effultus G. Karaman, 1975
Species Gammarus egregius Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus electrus Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus elevatus Hou, Li & Morino, 2002
Species Gammarus eliquatus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus elvirae Iannilli & Ruffo, 2002
Species Gammarus emeiensis Hou, Li & Koenemann, 2002
Species Gammarus fasciatus Say, 1818
Species Gammarus flabellifera Stimpson, 1856
Species Gammarus fontinalis costa, 1883
Species Gammarus fossarum Koch, 1836
Species Gammarus frater Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus frigidus Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus gageoensis Kim, Lee & Min, 2010
Species Gammarus galgosensis Lee & Kim, 1980
Species Gammarus gauthieri (S. Karaman, 1935)
Species Gammarus glabratus Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus goedmakersae G.S. Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus gonensis Özbek, 2016
Species Gammarus gonggaensis Hou & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus gracilis Rathke, 1837
Species Gammarus gregoryi Tattersall, 1924
Species Gammarus halilicae G. Karaman, 1969
Species Gammarus hamaticornis Copilaș-Ciocianu, Zimța & Petrusek, 2018
Species Gammarus hegmatanensis Hekmatara, Sari & Heidari Baladehi, 2011
Species Gammarus hirsutus Martynov, 1935
Species Gammarus hirtellus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus hongyuanensis Barnard & Dai, 1988
Species Gammarus hoonsooi Lee, 1986
Species Gammarus hyalelloides Cole, 1976
Species Gammarus hypolithicus Hou & Li, 2010
Species Gammarus ibericus Margalef, 1951
Species Gammarus illustris Hou & Li, 2010
Species Gammarus inaequicauda Stock, 1966
Species Gammarus inberbus Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus incoercitus Hou, Li & Li, 2014
Species Gammarus inopinatus Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Gammarus insensibilis Stock, 1966
Species Gammarus italicus Goedmakers & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus izmirensis Özbek, 2007
Species Gammarus jacksoni Morino & Whitman, 1995
Species Gammarus jaspidus Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus jazdzewskii Rudolph, Coleman, Mamos & Grabowski, 2018
Species Gammarus jenneri Bynum & Fox, 1977
Species Gammarus jidutanxian Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus kamtschaticus Tzvetkova, 1972
Species Gammarus kangdingensis Hou & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus kasymovi Aliev, 1997
Species Gammarus katagani Özbek, 2012
Species Gammarus kesanensis Özbek & Çamur-Elipek, 2010
Species Gammarus kesslerianus Martynov, 1931
Species Gammarus kischineffensis Schellenberg, 1937
Species Gammarus komareki Schäferna, 1923
Species Gammarus korbuensis Martynov, 1930
Species Gammarus koreanus Uéno, 1940
Species Gammarus koshovi Bazikalova, 1946
Species Gammarus kyonggiensis Lee & Seo, 1990
Species Gammarus laborifer Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus lacustris G.O. Sars, 1863
Species Gammarus lasaensis Barnard & Dai, 1988
Species Gammarus laticoxalis Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus lawrencianus Bousfield, 1956
Species Gammarus lecroyae Thoma & Heard, 2009
Species Gammarus ledoyeri G. Karaman, 1987
Species Gammarus leopoliensis Jazdzewski & Konopacka, 1989
Species Gammarus lichuanensis Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus limnaeus S.I. smith, 1874
Species Gammarus limosus Hou & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus lobifer Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998
Species Gammarus locusta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Gammarus loeffleri Zamanpoore, Grabowski, Poeckl & Schiemer, 2010
Species Gammarus longdong Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus longipedis Karaman & Pinkster, 1987
Species Gammarus longisaeta Lee & Seo, 1992
Species Gammarus lophacanthus Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus lordeganensis Khalayi-Pirbalanty & Sari, 2004
Species Gammarus lychnidensis Schellenberg, 1943
Species Gammarus macedonicus G. Karaman, 1976
Species Gammarus madidus Hou & Li, 2005
Species Gammarus margcomosus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus marmouchensis Fadil, 2006
Species Gammarus maroccanus Fadil & Dakki, 2001
Species Gammarus martensi Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus matienus Derzhavin, 1938
Species Gammarus microps Pinkster & Goedmakers, 1975
Species Gammarus minus Say, 1818
Species Gammarus mladeni Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus monspeliensis Pinkster, 1972
Species Gammarus montaniformis Sidorov, 2012
Species Gammarus montanus Hou, Li & Platvoet, 2004
Species Gammarus monticellus Hou, Li & Li, 2014
Species Gammarus mosuo Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus mucronatus Say, 1818
Species Gammarus mukudai Tomikawa, Soh, Kobayashi & Yamaguchi, 2014
Species Gammarus murarius Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus nekkensis Uchida, 1935
Species Gammarus ninglangensis Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus nipponensis Uéno, 1940
Species Gammarus nox Stock, 1995
Species Gammarus nudus Martynov, 1931
Species Gammarus obnixus Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus obruki Özbek, 2012
Species Gammarus oceanicus Segerstråle, 1947
Species Gammarus ocellatus Martynov, 1930
Species Gammarus ochridensis (Schäferna, 1926)
Species Gammarus odaensis Lee & Kim, 1980
Species Gammarus odettae Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Gammarus oeningensis Heer, 1865 †
Species Gammarus orinos Pinkster & Schol, 1984
Species Gammarus oronticus Alouf, 1979
Species Gammarus osellai Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus pageti Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Gammarus palustris Bousfield, 1969
Species Gammarus parechiniformis G. Karaman, 1977
Species Gammarus paricrenatus Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998
Species Gammarus parthicus Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998
Species Gammarus parvioculatus Sidorov, Hou & Sket, 2018
Species Gammarus parvioculus Hou & Li, 2010
Species Gammarus paucispinus Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus pavo Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus paynei Delong, 1992
Species Gammarus pecos Cole & Bousfield, 1970
Species Gammarus pellucidus Gurjanova, 1930
Species Gammarus pexus Hou & Li, 2005
Species Gammarus pisinnus Hou, Li & Li, 2014
Species Gammarus plaitisi Hupało, Mamos, Wrzesińska & Grabowski, 2018
Species Gammarus platvoeti Hou & Li, 2003
Species Gammarus pljakici G. Karaman, 1964
Species Gammarus praecyrius Derzhavin, 1941 †
Species Gammarus preciosus Wang, Hou & Li, 2009
Species Gammarus pretzmanni Mateus & Mateus, 1990
Species Gammarus pseudoanatoliensis Karaman & Pinkster, 1987
Species Gammarus pseudolimnaeus Bousfield, 1958
Species Gammarus pseudosyriacus Karaman & Pinkster, 1977
Species Gammarus pulex (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Gammarus qiani Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus qinling Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus rambouseki S. Karaman, 1931
Species Gammarus retzi Maikovsky, 1941 †
Species Gammarus rifatlensis Fadil, 2006
Species Gammarus riparius Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus rivalis Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus roeselii Gervais, 1835
Species Gammarus rouxi Pinkster & Goedmakers, 1975
Species Gammarus salemaai G. Karaman, 1985
Species Gammarus salinus Spooner, 1947
Species Gammarus seideli Cannizzaro, Walters & Berg, 2018
Species Gammarus sepidannus Zamanpoore, Poeckl, Grabowski & Schiemer, 2009
Species Gammarus setosus Dementieva, 1931
Species Gammarus shanxiensis Barnard & Dai, 1988
Species Gammarus shenmuensis Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus shirazinus Zamanpoore, Grabowski, Poeckl & Schiemer, 2010
Species Gammarus sichuanensis Hou, Li & Zheng, 2002
Species Gammarus silendus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus sinuolatus Hou & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus sirvannus Hekmatara, Sari & Heidari Baladehi, 2011
Species Gammarus sketi G. Karaman, 1989
Species Gammarus sobaegensis Uéno, 1966
Species Gammarus solidus G. Karaman, 1977
Species Gammarus songirdaki G. Karaman, 1984
Species Gammarus soyoensis Lee & Kim, 1980
Species Gammarus spelaeus Martynov, 1931
Species Gammarus spinipalmus (Chen, 1939)
Species Gammarus spooneri G. Karaman, 1991
Species Gammarus stagnarius Hou, Li & Morino, 2002
Species Gammarus stalagmiticus Hou & Li, 2005
Species Gammarus stankokaramani G. Karaman, 1976
Species Gammarus stojicevici (S. Karaman, 1929)
Species Gammarus stupendus Pinkster, 1983
Species Gammarus subtypicus Stock, 1966
Species Gammarus suifunensis Martynov, 1925
Species Gammarus syriacus Chevreux, 1895
Species Gammarus sywulai Grabowski, Wysocka & Mamos, 2016
Species Gammarus takesensis Hou, Li & Platvoet, 2004
Species Gammarus taliensis Shen, 1954
Species Gammarus tauricus Martynov, 1931
Species Gammarus teletzkensis Martynov, 1930
Species Gammarus tigrinus Sexton, 1939
Species Gammarus topkarai Özbek & Balik, 2009
Species Gammarus tranquillus Hou, Li & Li, 2013
Species Gammarus translucidus Hou, Li & Li, 2004
Species Gammarus troglomorphus Sidorov, Hou & Sket, 2018
Species Gammarus troglophilus Hubricht & Mackins, 1940
Species Gammarus truncatus Martynov, 1930
Species Gammarus turanus Martynov, 1935
Species Gammarus uludagi G.S. Karaman, 1975
Species Gammarus unguiserratus Costa, 1853
Species Gammarus ustaoglui Özbek & Güloğlu, 2005
Species Gammarus vallecula Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018
Species Gammarus varsoviensis Jazdzewski, 1975
Species Gammarus vignai Pinkster & Karaman, 1978
Species Gammarus wangbangensis Lee & Seo, 1990
Species Gammarus wautieri A. L. Roux, 1967
Species Gammarus wilkitzkii Birula, 1897
Species Gammarus xianfengensis Hou & Li, 2002
Species Gammarus zaddachi Sexton, 1912
Species Gammarus zagrosensis Zamanpoore, Poeckl, Grabowski & Schiemer, 2009
Species Gammarus zeongogensis Lee & Kim, 1980
Species Gammarus zhigangi Hou & Li, in Hou, Zhao & Li, 2018

Species Gammarus batei Boeck, 1861 (nomen dubium)
Species Gammarus chilensis Nicolet, 1849 (nomen dubium)
Species Gammarus circinnatus Viviani, 1805 (nomen dubium)
Species Gammarus crassimanus Viviani, 1805 (nomen dubium)
Species Gammarus truncatus Viviani, 1805 (nomen dubium)

Species Gammarus asper Dana, 1852 (temporary name)
Species Gammarus furcicornis Dana, 1852 (temporary name)
Species Gammarus gracilis (Martynov, 1935) (temporary name, junior homonym)
Species Gammarus tenellus Dana, 1852 (temporary name)
Species Gammarus tenuis Dana, 1852 (temporary name)
Species Gammarus validus Dana, 1852 (temporary name)

Species Gammarus aequicaudus (Martynov, 1931) represented as Gammarus aequicauda (Martynov, 1931)

Subgenus Gammarus (Parhomoeogammarus) Schellenberg, 1943 accepted as Chaetogammarus Martynov, 1924 (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Gammarus (Pontogammarus) Sowinsky, 1904 accepted as Pontogammarus Sowinsky, 1904 (raised to genus level)
  » Species Gammarus (Pontogammarus) olvianus Sowinsky, 1904 accepted as Pontogammarus olvianus (Sowinsky, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Gammarus (Sarothrogammarus) Martynov, 1935 accepted as Sarothrogammarus Martynov, 1935 (raised to genus rank)
Subgenus Gammarus (Typhlogammarus) Schäferna, 1907 accepted as Typhlogammarus Schäferna, 1907
Species Gammarus abbreviatus Sars, 1894 accepted as Pontogammarus abbreviatus (Sars G.O., 1894) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus afghanus Ruffo, 1958 accepted as Sarothrogammarus afghanus (Ruffo, 1958) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus aheneus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Eulimnogammarus aheneus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus albidus Dana, 1852 accepted as Parelasmopus albidus (Dana, 1852) (basionym)
Species Gammarus albinus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Ommatogammarus (Ommatogammarus) albinus (Dybowsky, 1874) accepted as Ommatogammarus albinus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus ambulans F.Müller, 1846 accepted as Synurella ambulans (F. Müller, 1846)
Species Gammarus amethystinus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Ommatogammarus (Pretiositus) amethystinus (Dybowsky, 1874) accepted as Pretiositus amethystinus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus andrussowi G.O. Sars, 1896 accepted as Lanceogammarus andrussowi (G.O. Sars, 1896) (basionym)
Species Gammarus angulosus Rathke, 1843 accepted as Gammarellus angulosus (Rathke, 1843)
Species Gammarus anisocheirus Ruffo, 1959 accepted as Iberogammarus anisocheirus (Ruffo, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus anisochir Krøyer, 1845 accepted as Melita anisochir (Krøyer, 1845) accepted as Dulichiella anisochir (Krøyer, 1845) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus annandalei Tattersall, 1922 accepted as Jesogammarus (Annanogammarus) annandalei (Tattersall, 1922) (basionym)
Species Gammarus anomalus Rathke, 1843 accepted as Microdeutopus anomalus (Rathke, 1843) (Synonym)
Species Gammarus anomalus Oldevig, 1959 accepted as Echinogammarus incertae sedis anomalus (Oldevig, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus antipodeus G.W. Smith, 1909 accepted as Antipodeus antipodeus (G.W. Smith, 1909) (basionym)
Species Gammarus appendiculatus Say, 1818 accepted as Dulichiella appendiculata (Say, 1818) (basionym)
Species Gammarus aquaticus Leach, 1815 accepted as Gammarus pulex (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus aralensis Uljanin, 1875 accepted as Turcogammarus aralensis (Uljanin, 1875) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus araneolus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Onychogammarus (Onychogammarus) araneolus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus armatus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Dedyuola armata (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus asper Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Pallasea dybowskii Stebbing, 1899 accepted as Pentagonurus dybowskii (Stebbing, 1899) (junior homonym of Gammarus asper Dana, 1852)
Species Gammarus assimilis Liljeborg, 1852 accepted as Cheirocratus assimilis (Lilljeborg, 1852) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus atchensis Brandt, 1851 accepted as Spinulogammarus atchensis (Brandt, 1851) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus atlanticus H. Milne Edwards, 1830 accepted as Ambasia atlantica (H. Milne Edwards, 1830) (basionym)
Species Gammarus aurantius K.H. Barnard, 1927 accepted as Paramelita aurantius (K.H. Barnard, 1927) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus auricularius K.H. Barnard, 1916 accepted as Aquadulcaris auricularius (K.H. Barnard, 1916) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus australis Sayce, 1901 accepted as Austrogammarus australis (Sayce, 1901) (basionym)
Species Gammarus barbimanus Thomson, 1879 accepted as Haplocheira barbimana (Thomson, 1879) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus barringtonensis Chilton, 1917 accepted as Austrocrangonyx barringtonensis (Chilton, 1917) (basionym)
Species Gammarus berilloni Catta, 1878 accepted as Echinogammarus berilloni (Catta, 1878) (basionym)
Species Gammarus bifasciatus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Heterogammarus bifasciatus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus bispinosus Costa, 1853 accepted as Liljeborgia bispinosa (Costa, 1853) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus borowskii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Parapallasea borowskii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus branchialis Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Pachyschesis branchialis (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus brandtii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Homalogammarus brandtii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus brasiliensis Dana, 1853 accepted as Elasmopus brasiliensis (Dana, 1853) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus brevicaudatus H. Milne Edwards, 1830 sensu Spence Bate, 1857 accepted as Elasmopus rapax Costa, 1853 (misapplication)
Species Gammarus brevicornis Bruzelius, 1859 accepted as Liljeborgia brevicornis (Bruzelius, 1859) accepted as Liljeborgia pallida (Spence Bate, 1857)
Species Gammarus breweri Kunkel, 1910 accepted as Ceradocus breweri (Kunkel, 1910) (basionym)
Species Gammarus cabanisii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Garjajewia cabanisii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus caecus Weckel, 1907 accepted as Weckelia caeca (Weckel, 1907) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus calcaratus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Odontogammarus calcaratus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus campylops Leach, 1824 accepted as Echinogammarus incertae sedis campylops campylops Leach, 1814 (Synonym)
Species Gammarus cancelloides Gerstfeldt, 1858 accepted as Pallasea cancelloides (Gerstfeldt, 1858) accepted as Pallaseopsis cancelloides (Gerstfeldt, 1858) (basionym)
Species Gammarus cancellus (Pallas, 1772) accepted as Pallasea cancellus (Pallas, 1772)
Species Gammarus capellus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Tengisia capella (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus capensis K.H. Barnard, 1916 accepted as Paramelita capensis (K.H. Barnard, 1916) (basionym)
Species Gammarus capreolus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Eulimnogammarus capreolus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus cari S. Karaman, 1931 accepted as Echinogammarus cari (S. Karaman, 1931) (basionym)
Species Gammarus carinatus Fabricius, 1793 accepted as Atylus carinatus (Fabricius, 1793) (basionym)
Species Gammarus carneolus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Ommatogammarus (Pretiositus) carneolus (Dybowsky, 1874) accepted as Pretiositus carneolus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus carpenterii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Boeckaxelia carpenterii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus caspary Pratz, 1866 accepted as Niphargus caspary (Pratz, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus chablensis Carausu, 1943 accepted as Shablogammarus chablensis (Carausu, 1943) (basionym)
Species Gammarus cinnamomeus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Carinogammarus cinnamomeus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus compressus G.O. Sars, 1894 accepted as Stenogammarus compressus (G.O. Sars, 1894) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus confervicolus (Stimpson, 1856) accepted as Eogammarus confervicolus (Stimpson, 1856) (superseded combination)
Species Gammarus corniger Fabricius, 1779 accepted as Epimeria cornigera (Fabricius, 1779) accepted as Epimeria (Epimeria) cornigera (Fabricius, 1779) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus crassicornis K.H. Barnard, 1916 accepted as Aquadulcaris crassicornis (K.H. Barnard, 1916) (basionym)
Species Gammarus crassus G.O. Sars, 1894  accepted as Obesogammarus crassus (G.O. Sars, 1894) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus cyaneus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Eulimnogammarus cyaneus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus czerskii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Eulimnogammarus czerskii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus czyrnianskii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Hyalellopsis czyrnianskii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus delebecquei Chevreux & de Guerne, 1892 accepted as Gammarus fossarum Koch, 1836 (junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus dentatus Krøyer, 1842 accepted as Melita dentata (Krøyer, 1842) accepted as Megamoera dentata (Krøyer, 1842) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus dulongii Audouin, 1826 accepted as Tanais dulongii (Audouin, 1826) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus eisentrauti Schellenberg, 1937 accepted as Echinogammarus eisentrauti (Schellenberg, 1937) (basionym)
Species Gammarus elegans Spence Bate, 1856 accepted as Urothoe elegans Spence Bate, 1857 (nomen nudum)
Species Gammarus elki Shoemaker, 1940 accepted as Gammarus minus Say, 1818 (junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus elongatus Leuckhart, 1847 accepted as Othomaera othonis (H. Milne Edwards, 1830)
Species Gammarus emissitius Dana, 1852 accepted as Dercothoe emissitius (Dana, 1852) (basionym)
Species Gammarus ermannii H. Milne Edwards, 1840 accepted as Crangonyx ermannii (H. Milne Edwards, 1840) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus finmarchicus Dahl, 1938 accepted as Echinogammarus finmarchicus (Dahl, 1938) (moved to Echinogammarus)
Species Gammarus fissicornis Sars, 1858 accepted as Liljeborgia fissicornis (Sars, 1858) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus fixsenii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Micruropus fixsenii (Dybowsky, 1874) accepted as Quasimicruropus fixsenii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus flavus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Ommatogammarus (Abludogammarus) flavus (Dybowsky, 1874) accepted as Abludogammarus flavus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus flori Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Macropereiopus flori (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus fluviatilis H. Milne Edwards, 1830 accepted as Gammarus pulex (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Gammarus fluviatilis Bell, 1921 † accepted as Gammarus belli G. Karaman, 1984 (Basionym)
Species Gammarus foxi Schellenberg, 1928 accepted as Echinogammarus foxi (Schellenberg, 1928) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus fragilis Chilton, 1882 accepted as Phreatogammarus fragilis (Chilton, 1882) (basionym)
Species Gammarus fresnelii Audouin, 1826 accepted as Melita fresnelii (Audouin, 1826) accepted as Dulichiella fresnelii (Audouin, 1826) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus fuscus Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Eulimnogammarus fuscus (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus gerstaeckeri Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Plesiogammarus (Plesiogammarus) gerstaeckeri (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus glaber Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Micruropus glaber (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus godlewskii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Acanthogammarus (Acanthogammarus) godlewskii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus granulicornis K.H. Barnard, 1927 accepted as Paramelita granulicornis (K.H. Barnard, 1927) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus grewingkii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Brachyuropus grewingkii (Dybowsky, 1874) (Basionym)
Species Gammarus grubii Dybowsky, 1874 accepted as Pallaseopsis grubii (Dybowsky, 1874) (basionym)
Species Gammarus gryllus Lichtenstein in Mandt, 1822 accepted as Eurythenes gryllus (Lichtenstein in Mandt, 1822) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus guernei Chevreux, 1889 accepted as Sarothrogammarus guernei (Chevreux, 1889)
Species Gammarus haasei Sayce, 1902 accepted as Austrogammarus haasei (Sayce, 1902) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus haemobaphes Eichwald, 1841 accepted as Dikerogammarus haemobaphes (Eichwald, 1841) (superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus hirsuticornis Dana, 1852 accepted as Dercothoe hirsuticornis (Dana, 1852) (basionym)
Species Gammarus homari (Fabricius, 1779) (unaccepted, superseded combination)
Species Gammarus hyacinthinus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus ibex Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus ignotus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus inflatus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus ischnus Stebbing, 1899 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus kesslerii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus kietlinskii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus klaptoczi (Schäferna, 1908) (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus klisanus S. Karaman, 1931 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus klukii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus kogelensis K.H. Barnard, 1927 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus konjicensis Schäferna, 1923 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus kusceri S. Karaman, 1931 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus kygi Derzhavin, 1923 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus laevis Bruzelius, 1859 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus lagowskii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus latior Dybowsky, 1875 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus latissimus Gerstfeldt, 1858 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus latus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus leptocerus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus libellula Lichtenstein in Mandt, 1822 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus littoralis Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus lividus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus lochites Margalef, 1956 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus locustoides Brandt, 1851 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus longicaudatus A. Costa, 1851 (unaccepted, original combination moved to Niphargus Schiödte, 1849)
Species Gammarus longicornis Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Gammarus longicornis Fabricius, 1779)
Species Gammarus longicornis Fabricius, 1779 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gammarus longimanus Spence Bate, 1857 (unaccepted, Synonym)
Species Gammarus longipes Liljeborg, 1852 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus loricatus Sabine, 1824 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus loveni Bruzelius, 1859 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus lovenii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Gammarus loveni Bruzelius, 1858)
Species Gammarus lusitanus Schellenberg, 1943 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus maackii Gerstfeldt, 1858 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus macropthalmus Stimpson, 1853 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus macrurus G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus maculatus Johnston, 1828 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus maeoticus Sowinsky, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus margaritaceus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus marinus Leach, 1815 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus miae Mateus & Mateus, 1990 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Gammarus minutus G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus morawitzii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus murinus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus nigroculus K.H. Barnard, 1916 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus nugax (Phipps, 1774) (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus obesus G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus obtusatus Dahl, 1938 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus ochotensis Brandt, 1851 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus olivii H. Milne Edwards, 1830 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus orchestes Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus orientalis Dana, 1852 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus othonis H. Milne Edwards, 1830 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pachytus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pallidus Spence Bate, 1857 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus palmata (unaccepted, Synonym)
Species Gammarus parasiticus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus parvexii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pauxillus Grimm M.S. in G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus pavlovici S. Karaman, 1929 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus perla Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus petersii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pictus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pilosus Dana, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus pinguis Krøyer, 1838 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus pirloti (Sexton & Spooner, 1940) (unaccepted, Synonym)
Species Gammarus placidus Grimm in G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus platycheir G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus plumicornis Costa A., 1853 (unaccepted, Suppression of the senior name by plenary powers, see notes (Stock 1970).)
Species Gammarus plumipes Mateus & Mateus, 1990 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Gammarus polymorphus Helpher, 1914 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus pribilofensis Pearse, 1913 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus proiectus Stock, Mirzajani, Vonk, Naderi & Kiabi, 1998 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Gammarus propinquus Hay, 1902 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus puella Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pugettensis Dana, 1849 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus pulchellus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus pullus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus punctatus Johnson, 1827 (unaccepted, Synonym)
Species Gammarus punctimanus A. Costa, 1857 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus pungens H. Milne Edwards, 1840 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus purpurascens Hay, 203 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus puteanus Koch, 1836 (unaccepted, original combination moved to Niphargus Schiödte, 1849)
Species Gammarus puzyllii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus quadrimanus Dana, 1852 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus radoszkowskii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus ramellus Weckel, 1907 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus recurvus Grube, 1861 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus reichertii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus reissnerii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus rhipidiophorus Catta, 1878 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus rhodophthalmus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus ripensis G.W. Smith, 1909 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus robustoides G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus rubromaculatus Stimpson, 1856 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus rugosus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus saphirinus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus sarmatus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus sarsi Sowinsky, 1898 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus schamanenesis Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus schmidti Derzhavin, 1927 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus seidlitzii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus seticornis K.H. Barnard, 1927 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus setipes Dana, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus similis G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus simoni Chevreux, 1894 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus smaragdinus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus solskii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, Basionym)
Species Gammarus sophiae Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus sophianosii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus spinicarpa Abildgaard, 1789 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus spinicaudatus Schäferna, 1923 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus spinicornis K.H. Barnard, 1927 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus spinipes Johnston, 1829 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus spinosa Goës, 1866 (unaccepted, Homonym)
Species Gammarus stanislavii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus stenophthalmus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus stoerensis (Reid, 1938) (unaccepted, Synonym)
Species Gammarus strauchii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus stygius Schiödte, 1847 (unaccepted, original combination moved to genus Niphargus Schiödte, 1849)
Species Gammarus subcarinatus Spence Bate, 1862 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus subnudus G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus subtener Stimpson, 1864 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus suluensis Dana, 1852 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus sundevallii Rathke, 1843 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus tacapensis Chevreux & Gauthier, 1924 (unaccepted)
Species Gammarus taczanowskii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus talitroides Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus talitrus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus tenellus G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, homonym of Gammarus tenellus, 1852)
Species Gammarus tenuimanus Spence Bate, 1862 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus testaceus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus tetracanthus Garbini, 1902 (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus torelli Goës, 1866 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus toxophthalmus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus triacanthus (Schäferna, 1923) (unaccepted, junior objective synonym)
Species Gammarus tuberculatus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus tulbaghensis K.H. Barnard, 1927 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus tunetanus Simon, 1885 (unaccepted, Suppression of the senior name by plenary powers, see notes (Stock 1970).)
Species Gammarus ussolzewii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus veneris Heller, 1865 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus verrucosus Gerstfeldt, 1858 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus violaceus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus viridis Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus vittatus Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus vortex Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus wagii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus wahlii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Gammarus warpachowskyi G.O. Sars, 1894 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus weidemanni G.O. Sars, 1896 (unaccepted, superseded original combination)
Species Gammarus zebra Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Gammarus zebra Rathke, 1843)
Species Gammarus zienkowiczii Dybowsky, 1874 (unaccepted, basionym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fabricius, J.C. (1775). Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adjectis Sysnonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. <em>Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae.</em> 832, pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25551417
page(s): 418 [details]   
Horton, T.; Lowry, J.; De Broyer, C.; Bellan-Santini, D.; Coleman, C.O.; Corbari, L.; Costello, M.J.; Daneliya, M.; Dauvin, J.-C.; Fišer, C.; Gasca, R.; Grabowski, M.; Guerra-García, J.M.; Hendrycks, E.; Hughes, L.; Jaume, D.; Jazdzewski, K.; Kim, Y.-H.; King, R.; Krapp-Schickel, T.; LeCroy, S.; Lörz, A.-N.; Mamos, T.; Senna, A.R.; Serejo, C.; Sket, B.; Souza-Filho, J.F.; Tandberg, A.H.; Thomas, J.D.; Thurston, M.; Vader, W.; Väinölä, R.; Vonk, R.; White, K.; Zeidler, W. (2019). World Amphipoda Database. Gammarus Fabricius, 1775. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/amphipoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=101537 on 2020-07-13
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
checked
2018-09-19 08:52:19Z
changed
2019-09-30 09:16:48Z
changed

original description Fabricius, J.C. (1775). Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adjectis Sysnonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. <em>Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae.</em> 832, pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25551417
page(s): 418 [details]   

original description  (of Fontogammarus S. Karaman, 1931) Karaman S. (1931). III Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Amphipoden Jugoslawiens, sowie einiger Arten aus Griechenland. <em>Prirod. Razprave Muz. drustva, Ljubljana.</em> 1:31-36. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Cancer (Gammarus) Fabricius, 1775) Montagu, G. (1808). Description of several marine animals found on the south coast of Devonshire. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 9: 81-114, pl. 2-8., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/757838
page(s): 91 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Rivulogammarus S. Karaman, 1931) Karaman S. (1931). III Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Amphipoden Jugoslawiens, sowie einiger Arten aus Griechenland. <em>Prirod. Razprave Muz. drustva, Ljubljana.</em> 1:31-36. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Lagunogammarus Sket, 1971) Sket B. (1971). Zur Systematik und Phylogenie der Gammarini (Amphipoda). <em>Bulletin Scientifique.</em> 16 (1-2): 6. [details]   

basis of record Bellan-Santini, D.; Costello, M.J. (2001). Amphipoda. <em>in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification.</em> Collection Patrimoines Naturels 50: pp. 295-308. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Lincoln, R. J. (1979). British marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea. <em>British Museum (Natural History).</em> 658 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Harmful effect allergic symptoms (cutaneous symptoms,occupational asthma). [details]
LanguageName 
English scuds  [details]
German Flohkrebse  [details]
Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2020-07-13 GMT · contact: