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Echinoidea source details

Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn. 21(1): 537-563.
6130
Ludwig, H.
1899
Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes.
Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn
21(1): 537-563
Publication
This paper is a composition of the echinodermal fauna collected in the region of Zanzibar (defined at first page). The literature of the authors, the collectors, the find-spots and publications about the species are given.
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Brissus carinatus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Cyrtechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (additional source)
Dorocidaris canaliculatus (A. Agassiz, 1863) accepted as Austrocidaris canaliculata (A. Agassiz, 1863) (basis of record)
Echinobryssus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) accepted as Apatopygus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) (basis of record)
Echinocardium australe Gray, 1851 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (additional source)
Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Echinometra oblonga (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (additional source)
Echinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Metalia maculosa (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Peronella rostrata (L. Agassiz, 1841) accepted as Peronella lesueuri rostrata (L. Agassiz, 1841) (basis of record)
Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Prionocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Plococidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Salmacis sulcata L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Salmacis sphaeroides (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778) accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Aldabra for Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Comores for Microcyphus maculatus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Kenya for Echinodiscus biforis (Gmelin, 1778) 
Madagascar for Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Madagascar for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Madagascar for Echinobryssus recens (Milne Edwards, 1836) 
Madagascar for Echinodiscus biforis (Gmelin, 1778) 
Madagascar for Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Madagascar for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Madagascar for Leiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Leiocidaris imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Leiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Parasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 
Madagascar for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mozambique for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Echinocardium australe Gray, 1851 
Mozambique for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Mozambique for Echinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) 
Mozambique for Echinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 
Mozambique for Echinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Leiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Leiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Metalia maculosa (Gmelin, 1791) 
Mozambique for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mozambique for Salmacis sulcata L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mozambique for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) 
Seychelles for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Seychelles for Brissus carinatus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Seychelles for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Seychelles for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Seychelles for Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Seychelles for Echinometra oblonga (Blainville, 1825) 
Seychelles for Echinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 
Seychelles for Leiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychelles for Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) 
Tanzania for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Tanzania for Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Colobocentrotus atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Tanzania for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Tanzania for Dorocidaris canaliculatus (A. Agassiz, 1863)  (doubtful)
Tanzania for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Tanzania for Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758)  (inaccurate)
Tanzania for Echinometra oblonga (Blainville, 1825) 
Tanzania for Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778 
Tanzania for Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
Tanzania for Echinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) 
Tanzania for Echinothrix turcarum Peters, 1853 
Tanzania for Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Laganum depressum L. Agassiz, 1841 
Tanzania for Leiocidaris annulifera (A. Agassiz, 1873) 
Tanzania for Leiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Leiocidaris imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Leiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) 
Tanzania for Maretia planulata (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Microcyphus maculatus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Tanzania for Moira stygia (A. Agassiz, 1872) 
Tanzania for Parasalenia gratiosa A. Agassiz, 1863 
Tanzania for Peronella rostrata (L. Agassiz, 1841) 
Tanzania for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Tanzania for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzania for Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734) 
 Authority

Selenka is the original author in Vaney (1905). Theel as author in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Description

Ranges eastward up to Japan (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Japan. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Amboia (Indonesia) and around Archipelago of Mergui (Burma) (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Indonesia; Celebes (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in whole the Pacific and the Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Florida (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in east coast of India, Bonin, Aru, Tonga, New Caledonie and Australia (Lambert, 1923). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). From the Celebes in Selenka (1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Südsee, Sandwich Is. And Java (Selenka, 1867); Hong Kong and Pacific Islands (Pearson, 1910); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Singapore and the Pelew Islands (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Guam (Clark, 1954). [details]

 Distribution

Also known in Australia (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Cosmopolitan by Ludwig (1899). Also recorded from Acapulpo (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Distribution also eastwards in the Indian Ocean to the Phillippines. [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Fiji Is. (Pearson, 1910). [details]

 Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) 147, paratype Museum of ... [details]

 Remark

Actinometra solaris var. albonotata Bell, 1884 has Albany Island as type locality (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Can't be a valid species: genus name has been abolished by Pearson (1914). Can't trace specific epitheton to either ... [details]

 Remark

Genus Pseudocucumis not valid anymore. Pseudocucumis africana Semper is treated as a synonym of Cucumaria africana ... [details]

 Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

In subgenus (Psammechinus). Holotype Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Type ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: (Chondrocloea) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

In subgenus: (Hipponoë) in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaim as authors in Lampert (1896). [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaimard are the original authors in Pearson (1910). [details]

 Remark

Status unclear: A.M. Clark (1968) refers 'the remaining species which have been referred to Pectinura' to ... [details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Euapta[details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Synapta) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

Syntipes Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 722 (12 specimens), ... [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Muelleria Jaeger, 1833 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Synonymy

L. dubiaBrandt and L. fustigera A. Agassiz treated as a synonym of L. Imperialis (Ludwig, 1899). [details]

 Synonymy

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. [details]

 Synonymy

Listed in the citations as E. Desorii [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) cites Koehler in that H. leucospilota is probably a synonym of H. vagabunda[details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) treats H. parva as a synonym of H. lubrica. Type species of the Subgenus (Selenkothuria) Deichmann, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig treats Holothuria pulla Selenka as a synonym of Holothuria aethiops[details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 synonymy

Needs confirmation!! Possibly a misidentification by Bell 1909 <495>. [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation. Clark says: '… there are none in the MCZ which can properly be called serpentina so I am ... [details]

 Synonymy

Or misidentification by Ludwig 1899? Jangoux did not see Decary's 1924 paper. [details]

 Synonymy

Pearson (1914) combines the genera Muelleria and Holothuria under the latter name, and divided the old genus ... [details]

 Synonymy

See note on M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

Status of Pectinura not clear, possibly type species (only known from the holotype from the Meditteranean) only species. [details]

 Type locality

Flores, Amboina. [details]

 Type locality

Red Sea (Tortonese, 1949). [details]


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