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Echinoidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)

213377  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213377)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamare (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (misspelling for Echinothrix calamaris)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 (tranferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamarus Pallas, 1774 (transferred to Echinothrix)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia clavata Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1-41, 4 Pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in...  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: purplish-brown,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. (2013). Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2017). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed at http://marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213377 on 2017-12-17

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:14:26Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga desorii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 345 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1-41, 4 Pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853) Peters, W. (1853). Über die an der Küste von Mossambique beobachteten Seeigel und insbesondere über die Gruppe der Diademen. Abhandlungen der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.1854: 101-119, 1 pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92694#page/161/mode/1up
page(s): 117-118 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia clavata Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 4; pl. 15: figs 1-9 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) James, D.B & J.S. Pearse (1969). Echinoderms from the Gulf of Suez and the Northern Red Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India 11(1-2): 79-125. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) James, D.B & J.S. Pearse (1969). Echinoderms from the Gulf of Suez and the Northern Red Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India 11(1-2): 79-125. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamare (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855)) Bölsche, W. 1865. Zusammenstellung der bis jetzt bekannten Echiniden aus der Gruppe der Diademiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 31, 324-336., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31586#page/332/mode/1up
page(s): 333 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia clavata Gray, 1855) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamarus Pallas, 1774) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855)) Bölsche, W. 1865. Zusammenstellung der bis jetzt bekannten Echiniden aus der Gruppe der Diademiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 31, 324-336., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31586#page/332/mode/1up
page(s): 333 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desorii (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga desorii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862)) Lambert, J. (1923). Echinides vivants et fossiles recueillis à Madagascar par M. Raymond Decary. Mém. Soc. Acad. Agric. Sci. Dép. Aube 85: 13-55, 1 pl., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k57204048/f13.image [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862)) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Thompson, G. B. (1982). Underwater observations on the distribution of regular sea urchins in Hong Kong. In: Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China (ed. Morton, B.), vol. 2, pp655-671. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus foliatus (Stock, 1967) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus tensus Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbanded urchinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbanded sea urchin  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalamaris-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorトックリガンガゼモドキ  [details]

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